Columbus Myth● Myth: Few inspired and inspiration European adventurers formed the key to the discovery and conquest of the New World● Fact:This myth ignores the long traditon of warfare on the Iberian peninsula, the decades of ocean navigation by the Portuguese and other historic realities.
Kings Army Myth● Myth: Conquerors were soldiers● Fact: Soldiers receive a salary. The conquerors of the Americas were entrepreneurs who invested their own effort, arms and supplies and livestock in the fighting of the battles.
Myth of the White Conquistador● Myth: A Few hardy European adventurers were able to bring down entire empires of native people.● Fact: The actual fighting was frequently done by thousands of native troops.
Myth of Completion● Myth: The conquest was inevitably going to lead to a wonderful conclusion, as somethign already accomplished, even as divinely inspired.● Fact: They sought to portray the conquest as part of a divine plan in which the Spanish crown was an agent of God and would better forestall the caim of other European powers.
The Myth of (Mis) Communication● Myth: The natives understood what was happening to the.● Fact: The natives could not understand Spanish, let alone the implications of the sujugtion to the Spanish crown.
The Myth of Native Desolation ● Myth: Native cultures simply could not withstand the force of conquest and were left helpless in its wake. ● Fact: The native cultures responded to the Spanish invaders with resilience and adaptation. Many natives seized on the opportunity and contuially challenged the Spanish at their own game.
The Myth of Superiority● Myth: Conquerors were the vanguard of civilization beating back hordes of barbarians.● Fact: The struggle was not as onesided as the conquerors would lead us to believe.