Man has always been a patron of beauty and novelty. Art evolved as its result. Creativity is core of art. Art involves creations that influence people.Architecture too has the same purpose. Architecture lacking beauty does not appeal to human psyche. Thus in order for architecture to be influential it requires art, creativity.Understanding relationship of art and architecture can help us be creative & create better examples of architecture. Hence the topic.
Since prehistoric times man has been in search of novelties to make his life easy and to satisfy his heart wishes andfantasies. Man left trees and started living in dens. To passfree time man invented dancing, singing, crafts. His fantasieswere presented in form of paintings in caves . The phenomenon of ART took roots. Today art has manifested itself into various forms, a medium, for man to express himself.
He learnt phenomenon of fire. Where his own strength failed him he invented tools, reared beasts of burden. He formed settlements in orderly manner. Different settlements establishedtheir distinguished cultures and deities. These culturesgot reflected in the houses, palaces and temples theybuilt. Construction of building was done by a propermethod. And thus phenomenon ARCHITECTURE was developed.
Art is the product or process of deliberately arrangingsymbolic elements in a way that influences and affectsthe senses, emotions, and/or intellect. It encompassesa diverse range of human activities, creations, andmodes of expression, includingmusic, literature, film, photography, sculpture, and paintings.The meaningof art is explored in a branch of philosophy known asaesthetics. Art isused as a mediumto express one’sfeelings and
These principles of art can be understood by studying the naturearound us. The greatest examples of art are found itself in naturearound us. They are a great source of inspiration and a guide forarchitects. The nature has created everything with lot ofcare, planning and proper engineering.Everything in nature exhibits allthe principles of art.
The stem of plants twists itself asit grows. This provides thetender stem with the strength itrequires to grow up in vertically.Also every tree, plant have beendesigned round in shape whichprovides it a stability.
The nautilus’s shell famous for its proportion is home of the cephalopod. Nautilus can completely withdraw into its shell . The shell is pressure resistant, imploding at a depth of about 800 meters (2,600 ft). The nautilus shell is composed of 2 layers: a matte white outer layer, and a striking white iridescent inner layer. This provides camouflage.Santiago Calatrava’s Chicago Spire is based onthe nautilus’s shell. The 610 m high buildinghas 150 floors and 1193 units in all.Architecture that evolves from suchinspirations never seizes to amaze everyone.The fact is obvious as the ‘design principles’have been borrowed from nature itself.
Architecture is both the process and product ofplanning, designing and constructingform, space and ambience that reflectfunctional, technical, social, and aestheticconsiderations. It requires the creativemanipulation and coordination ofmaterial, technology, light and shadow.
Principally architecture and art are same.Architecture follows the same principles for designing.
Architecture is art that can be used. Thus functionality is important.So is the beauty. Beauty makes buildings look alive. Just as art formsinfluence emotions, architecture too induces moods into spaces. Forexample - Flamboyancy or Calm Informality or Authority
or Encouraging environmentThis is achieved by manipulatingform, space, colours, light etc. To create such effectsunderstanding of various forms, hues, lighting and theeffect they have is essential. Art helps one toassimilate these aspects. Following are a few exampleswhich are product of exceptional creativity.
This structure is based upon the worlds most indestructible living creature--the Tardigrade. The two story structure utilizes a unique system of recycled styrofoam and cement blocks reinforced with steel and concrete. This material called, Ener-grid Block, is lightweight, fireproof, waterproof, t ermite-proof and extremely earthquake resistant. A series of black flex tubing is placed on the roof to act as passive solar warm air vents. The house has proven itself to be cool in the hot summer months and warm in the cold winter months, all without mechanical air conditioning and heating machinery.
The MAM gained internationalrecognition with the construction ofthe white concrete QuadracciPavilion, designed by SantiagoCalatrava .The pavilion wasengineered by the Milwaukee-basedengineering firm, Graef. The structurecontains a movable, wing-like brisesoleil which opens up for a wingspanof 217 feet during the day, foldingover the tall, arched structure at nightor during inclementweather.
For creating good architectural works, it is important to understand what surrounds us. Art is at the very heart of architecture. Art gives us vision and perception. It also helps in expressing our views clearly. Thus Art must not be thought of as a different subject. It is inherent part of architecture which will help in creation of better structures to for people, rather than the conventional ones that don’t influence its users.
• Buildings for tomorrow – Thames & Hudson• Wikipedia
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