==== ====Click link below for reviews of this bookhttp://amzn.com/B000SEI0JQ==== ====The Roman Empire was one of the most ...
territories of the Roman Empire. At the same time, powerful barbarian tribes launched attacksagainst the empire across its...
==== ====Click link below for reviews of this bookhttp://amzn.com/B000SEI0JQ==== ====
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The Fall of the Roman Empire : A New History of Rome and the Barbarians [Kindle Edition]


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The death of the Roman Empire is one of the perennial mysteries of world history. Now, in this groundbreaking book, Peter Heather proposes a stunning new solution: Rome generated its own nemesis.

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The Fall of the Roman Empire : A New History of Rome and the Barbarians [Kindle Edition]

  1. 1. ==== ====Click link below for reviews of this bookhttp://amzn.com/B000SEI0JQ==== ====The Roman Empire was one of the most impressive empires in world history. Before the RomanEmpire existed, there was the Roman Republic. For almost 500 years, the city of Rome wasgoverned in an imperfect democratic system. No one man could hold too much power. During thistime, the city of Rome conquered Italy and then expanded out to create a great empire around theMediterranean Sea. Unfortunately, the institutions of the Republic failed as this empire wascreated. During the first century BC, powerful generals used their armies to become kings in all butname. They plunged Rome into a series of destructive civil wars.The most successful of these strongmen was Augustus. In 31 BC, Augustus defeated MarcAntony and his mistress Cleopatra and became the undisputed ruler of Rome. He ruled until 14AD. The Romans had a strong distaste for kings, so Augustus took on the title of "first citizen" andcreated the illusion that his power was given to him by the Roman Senate. The name of thissystem was the principate. Over time, the leaders of the Roman Empire would drop this facade,along with any other connection to the Republic.The empire that Augustus ruled over was large. At its heart was Italy, which included the city ofRome. Its European territories included France, Spain and the Balkans. His successors would addEngland and Hungary into the empire. The richest territories of the Roman Empire were theterritories that it held in the Middle East and North Africa.There have been larger empires in history; however, what made the Roman Empire remarkablewas that it was stable for centuries. The territories under its control enjoyed an unprecedentedperiod of peace and experienced a process of romanization. In the process of Romanization,areas that had been primitive and tribal before the coming of the Romans built cities complete withtheaters, baths and arenas. Remarkable structures called aqueducts were built that carried waterinto the cities of the empire. Ancient Greek culture spread and mixed widely.The greatest legacy of the Roman Empire was Christianity. Jesus Christ lived during the reign ofAugustus, and was crucified by the Romans during the reign of Augustus successor, Tiberius.With a missionary zeal, his believers spread his message across the empire. The Empires roadsand ports helped in this spread while periods of persecution gave the new religion martyrs. In theearly fourth century, the Emperor Constantine adopted Christianity as the official religion of theRoman Empire.The Roman Empire lasted for so long that it was inconceivable that it could ever end. For a while,this was true. During the time of Augustus, the empire commanded so much power that none of itsneighbors posed a serious threat to existence. Over time this changed as its neighbors learnedfrom the Romans and grew in wealth and power. The first serious challenge to the Empire cameduring the third century, when the rise of a powerful empire in Persia threatened the wealthiest
  2. 2. territories of the Roman Empire. At the same time, powerful barbarian tribes launched attacksagainst the empire across its other frontiers. For a time, the empire lost control of its borders, andcivil wars threatened to destroy it from within. Remarkably, the Roman Empire rose up to thesechallenges and made critical reforms. One of these reforms was to split the Empire in half, whichallowed emperors to respond more effectively to crises on different fronts.The second threat to the empire came during the late fourth century, a powerful group ofhorsemen known as the Huns arrived in Europe. These terrors attacked the tribes that borderedthe Roman Empire and drove them into flight. To survive, they were forced to migrate into theEmpire. Tribes like the Visigoths, Vandals and Saxons settled into Roman territory. When theRomans were unable to assimilate them or drive them out, they lost tax revenue and had a hardertime maintaining the army. By 476, the entire Western Roman Empire, including Italy, was lost.The Eastern Roman Empire lived on, based in its capital of Constantinople. During the sixthcentury, the emperor Justinian reconquered Italy and North Africa.All this time, Persia was contesting the empire for control over the Middle East. For hundreds ofyears, it was a stalemate. During the early seventh century, the stalemate was broken by asudden Persian advance. For a while, it seemed that the entire Roman Empire would fall. Theemperor Heraclius ultimately rallied the Romans to victory. The war, however, weakened both thePersians and the Romans. This occurred just as the prophet Muhammad united the Arabs underthe banner of Islam. They struck out of Arabia and defeated both the Persians and Romans inbattle.Persia was destroyed by the Arabs. The Arabs proceeded to conquer most of the Middle East andNorth Africa before they were stopped. The Romans held onto Turkey and parts of the Balkansand southern Italy. This rump empire lasted for another 800 years. We call this empire theByzantine Empire, the successor to the Roman Empire. It would carry on the Roman tradition intothe Middle Ages.This has been a brief summary of the Roman Empire.Andrew Lantz is the author of The Roman Empire, a great introduction to the this topic. Check itout on Amazon at http://www.amazon.com/dp/B0054E7GZO Also follow him on Twitter atLantzAndrewArticle Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Andrew_S_Lantz
  3. 3. ==== ====Click link below for reviews of this bookhttp://amzn.com/B000SEI0JQ==== ====