LAYOUT (Intro to GD Wk 9)

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Week 9, Layout

Presentation from Introduction to Graphic Design, Columbia College Chicago. Much of the content taken from readings, including the textbooks: Timothy Samara's "Design Elements" and "Design Evolution." Other references cited in presentation. Please note: many slides are intended for class discussion and might not make sense out of context.

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LAYOUT (Intro to GD Wk 9)

  1. 1. D E S I G N I N G T H E PA G E
  2. 2. Form Form is considered a positive element, a solid thing or object.
  3. 3. Space Form is considered negative—not in a bad way, but as the absence, or opposite, of form. Space is the “ground” in which form becomes a “figure.”
  4. 4. Format
  5. 5. I N F O R M AT I O N D E S I G N
  6. 6. All design work involves problem solving on both visual and organizational levels.
  7. 7. VVTT11 The North West and Scotland-Birmingham-The South West Useful numbers & web addresses Buying a ticket virgin.com/trains 08457 222 333 (08:00 - 22:00) FastTicket machines at Virgin Trains and other principal stations. If buying your ticket onboard, you will only be able to buy full price First Class and Standard tickets when there are facilities available at your station to buy before you board. Railcard discounts are not available when buying your ticket onboard, so please buy your ticket before boarding the train. Plan ahead and buy in advance to get the best value fares. Timetable information National Rail Enquiries 08457 48 49 50 (24 hours) nationalrail.co.uk virgin.com/trains Your local staffed station Connecting bus services Call Traveline on 0870 608 2608 for times and details of connecting local bus services JourneyCare (if you are mobility impaired, or have special needs) 08457 44 33 66 08457 44 33 67 (textphone) Group travel (for parties of 10 or more) 0870 010 4490 Railway crime - don’t ignore it, report it Call the rail crimewatch hotline on 0800 40 50 40 Lost property Please contact our Customer Relations team who will be happy to help you (details below). If you have any comments about Virgin Trains, please let us know by contacting Customer Relations 0870 789 1234 (national call rates apply) 0121 654 7528 (textphone) 0121 654 7500 (fax) or write to Customer Relations, Virgin Trains, PO Box 713, Birmingham, B5 4HH customer.relations@virgintrains.co.uk If you have a complaint and are not satisfied with the response you receive please contact Passenger Focus on 08453 022 022 or write to them at Freepost WA1521, Warrington, WA4 6GP. If you live in the London area please contact London TravelWatch, 6 Middle Street, London EC1A 7JA or phone 020 7505 9000. Special Features Most Virgin Trains services in this timetable are scheduled for operation by our state of the art Voyager trains. These trains have exciting onboard facilities including at seat audio entertainment featuring four channels including BBC Radio 4, a walk in shop selling a range of hot, cold and alcoholic drinks, sandwiches, hot snacks and magazines. There are even power points for charging mobile phones and laptops at every table! First Class on a Virgin Voyager Complimentary tea, coffee and soft drinks along with a newspaper are served at seat Monday to Friday between 07.45 & 18.15 on journeys shown on the map below. In addition, journeys outside of the shaded area offer a Complimentary snack box. Outside of these times (including weekends) complimentary refreshments and a snack box are available for collection from the onboard shop situated in coach D, usually from 07.30 to 20.00 R Identifies trains which are usually very busy for much of its journey. A seat reservation is strongly recommended Z These services do not offer refreshments in First Class or at the onboard shop NotesAdditional services are provided by other train companies, see ‘Useful numbers and web addresses’ for National Rail Enquiries. a Arrival time ac Change at Oxenholme Lake District ah Change at Warrington Bank Quay aj Change at Stafford aq Change at Bristol Temple Meads ar Change at Exeter St Davids at Change at Newton Abbot ax Change at Plymouth b Change at Edinburgh bb 2 July to 31 August. Change at Plymouth bc Change at Totnes be Change at Bodmin Parkway bg Change at Gloucester into replacement road service br Change at Crewe out of replacement road service c Change at Preston ca Arrival time. Change at Manchester Piccadilly ch Change at Bristol Parkway ci Change at Wigan North Western cj Change at Taunton cn Change at Liskeard cq Change at Cheltenham Spa d Departure time dh Change at Tiverton Parkway f Change at Haymarket g Change at Birmingham New Street gq Via Glasgow Queen Street h Change at Carlisle j Change at Manchester Piccadilly k Change at Motherwell n Change at Glasgow Central p Change at Par pp 2 July to 31 August. Change at Par q Change at Lockerbie r Change at Carstairs s Stops to set down only t Change at Lancaster u Stops to pick up only v Change at Wolverhampton x Change at Crewe Period of operation A Also calls Lostwithiel 0711; Hayle 0808 AA Also calls Stonehaven 1212; Montrose 1233; Arbroath 1250; Leuchars 1323; Cupar 1330; Ladybank 1337; Markinch 1345; Kirkcaldy 1353; Inverkeithing 1412; Haymarket 1426s. Edinburgh 1430a B From Dunbar 0640 BB Also calls Gloucester 2105; Newport 2146 C Via Stoke-on-Trent (VT2 timetable) CC Via Stoke-on-Trent (VT2 timetable). Also calls Newport 2315; Cardiff Central 2340 D Also calls Stonehaven 0837; Montrose 0858; Arbroath 0915; Leuchars 0945; Cupar 0952; Markinch 1004; Kirkcaldy 1012; Inverkeithing 1028 DA Until 30 June DB 7 July to 8 September DC From 15 September DJ Until 8 September E Also calls Lostwithiel 0717; Hayle 0813 EA Until 1 July EB 8 July to 9 September EC From 16 September EE Via Stoke-on-Trent (VT2 timetable). Also calls Wilmslow 0718 EJ Until 9 September G Also calls Dawlish 0923; Teignmouth 0929 H Also calls Stockport 0733; Wilmslow 0743 J Also calls Wilmslow 0837; Dawlish 1257; Teignmouth 1303 K Via Stoke-on-Trent (VT2 timetable). Also calls Dawlish 1257; Teignmouth1303 L Also calls Weston-super-Mare 1400; Dawlish 1511; Teignmouth 1517 N Also calls Gloucester 1104; Newport 1146; Weston-super-Mare 1300; Dawlish 1403; Teignmouth 1408 P Also calls Weston-super-Mare 1201; Dawlish 1301; Teignmouth 1307 20May-8December2007 Travel tips Seat reservations are free of charge and can be made when you buy a ticket. Many can be reserved up to three hours before the train departs from its origin station. Trains showing the symbol are expected to be busy. A seat reservation is strongly advised. Making connections need not be a hassle. However there are minimum connecting times which you should check before you buy a ticket. Connections cannot be guaranteed but we will make every effort to minimise disruption to your journey. International connections are possible from many stations on the Virgin Trains network including Birmingham International, Gatwick, Manchester and Southampton airports. Luggage can be carried on our trains, however we ask that you bring no more than you can safely carry. Arrive in good time at your station and please ensure that you use the overhead luggage compartments as well as the areas between certain rows of seats. Please do not block the aisle or wheelchair spaces. Bikes and pets may be carried onboard most trains, however you need to make a cycle reservation in advance. Once at the station, please ask where you should wait with your cycle so that you can board quickly. Some pets may also be carried. Ask for full details when buying your ticket. All Virgin Trains services are non smoking Customers travelling at weekends should note that ongoing route modernisation work may cause last minute changes to this timetable. You are advised to check train times before travelling. See ‘Useful numbers & web addresses’ for contact details. For everything you need to know about Virgin Trains products and services visit virgin.com/trains. Check out our Virgin Trains City Guides, Live Departure Boards and the latest engineering information. Lots of other useful travel information including station opening hours and an explanation of our fares is available in our guide ‘Travelling with Virgin Trains’. Pick up a copy at your local station. We wish you a very pleasant journey R C Plusbus, is available at many stations around the country. For a small add-on to your rail fare a PLUSBUS ticket gives you one day’s unlimited bus travel on most services connecting with participating rail stations. Giving access to the entire local bus network it can be bought with any rail journey starting or finishing at participating stations. Visit plusbus.info for more details or ask at the station. At Birmingham New Street, Glasgow Central, Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly and Wakefield Westgate free bus services link with city centres, including central rail stations.Visit journeysolutions.com to find out more about onward journeys and transport links. Up to date local bus times and available from Traveline on 0870 608 2608 Bus services, Plusbus and Coachlinks We are committed to making it easier to travel to places that are not served by our trains. We provide a number of integrated rail/coach links in conjunction with our partners, Stagecoach and National Express that connect with our trains around Britain. Buy tickets with your train ticket that cover both the train and bus parts of your journey (single or return). A Coach and bus services link our stations with leading tourist attractions incluing the Lake District, Southport and, between 26 May and 2 September, the New Forest. Mondays to Fridays All direct Virgin Trains services are highlighted by the route-coloured background Special features Special Features Period of operation A B C D B C Period Of Operation AberdeenC d 0635gq 0707gq 0820 0850b 1041gq 1225f 1242gq 1425f 1442gq 1622f 1520f 1641gq d Aberdeen DundeeC d 0752gq 0821gq 0932 0959b 1152gq 1333f 1351gq 1532f 1552gq 1732f 1629f 1751gq d Dundee EdinburghC d 0634 0718 0851v - - 1052 1152 1249h 1452 - 1652 - 1852 1752 2013r d Edinburgh HaymarketC d 0638u 0724u 0857v - - 1057 1157u 1254h 1457u - 1657u - 1857u 1757u 2019r d Haymarket Glasgow CentralC d 0555h 0710h 0750 - 0949 1010 - 1110h 1210 1350 1410 - 1610 1646h 1810 - - 2010 d Glasgow Central Motherwell d 0610h - - - 1007u - - 1126h - - - - 1525h - 1827u - - - d Motherwell Carstairs d - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2051u d Carstairs Lockerbie d - 0823 - - 1050 - 1109h - - 1445 - 1553 - 1752 - 1952 1853 2125 d Lockerbie CarlisleC d 0609c 0752 0847 0914 1017v 1112 1121 1213 1307 1321 1509 1521 1614 1721 1814 1930 2014 1912 2147 d Carlisle Penrith North LakesA d 0623c 0808 0902 0929 - 1127 - 1229 1324 - 1524 - 1629 1736 1829 - 2029 1928 2202 d Penrith North Lakes Oxenholme Lake District d 0647c 0832 0946 0954 1053v 1151 - 1253 1347 1359 1548 - 1653 1800 1853 2006 2054 1952 2227 d Oxenholme Lake District LancasterC d 0638c 0723c 0908 1003 1009 1109v 1129c 1209 1309 1402 - 1603 1609 1709 1729c 1909 2020 2109 2008 2243 d Lancaster PrestonC d 0615 0729 0829 0929 1023 1029 1129v 1224 1229 1329 1425 1429 1625 1629 1729 1829 1929 2049 2129 2028 2308 d Preston Wigan North WesternC d 0627 0741 0841 0941 - 1001ah 1141v - 1241 1341 - 1441 - 1641 1741 1841 1941 2101 2141 2043 - d Wigan North Western BoltonC a - - - 0958c 1043 1058c - 1244 1258c 1358c 1446 1458c 1645 1658c 1759c 1912c 2012c 2154c 2258c 2056 2351c a Bolton Manchester PiccadillyC a - - - 1020c 1114 1120c 1124d 1314 1320c 1420c 1514 1520c 1719 1724c 1820c 1936c 2034c 2218c 2330c 2121 2357 a Manchester Piccadilly Warrington Bank QuayC d 0647 0753 0853 0953 1053 - 1220x 1353 1453 1653 1753 1853 1953 2113 2153 - d Warrington Bank Quay Crewe d 0402g 0710 0815 0915 1015 1115 1208v 1315 1415 1515 1715 1815 1915 2015 2135 2215 2200 d Crewe StaffordC d 0430g 0720v - 0926v - 1126v 1234 1326v - 1526v 1726v 1826v 1926v - 2157 2235 2239 d Stafford WolverhamptonC d 0505g 0749 0849 0949 1049 1149 1249 1349 1449 1549 1749 1849 1949 2049 2213 2249 - d Wolverhampton Birmingham New StreetC a - 0806 0911 1006 1111 1206 1306 1406 1511 1606 1806 1906 2006 2111 2246 2311 2320 a Birmingham New Street Birmingham New StreetC d 0610 0810 - 1010 - 1210 1310 1410 - 1610 1810 1910 2010 - d Birmingham New Street Cheltenham SpaC a 0720 0850 1011g 1050 1211g 1250 1350 1450 1614g 1650 1850 1950 2050 2250g a Cheltenham Spa Bristol ParkwayC a 0755 0925 1058g 1125 1258g 1325 1425 1525 1658g 1725 1925 2025 2125 2323g a Bristol Parkway Bristol Temple MeadsC a 0807 0941 1111g 1141 1311g 1341 1441 1541 1711g 1741 1941 2041 2141 2341g a Bristol Temple Meads TauntonC a 0840 1015 1152g 1215 1342g 1415 1515 1615 1742g 1815 2015 2115 2215s a Taunton Tiverton Parkway a 0928cj 1028 1205g 1228 1401g 1428 1528 1628 1755g 1828 2028 2128 2245s a Tiverton Parkway Exeter St DavidsC a 0905 1043 1220g 1243 1416g 1443 1543 1643 1810g 1843 2043 2143 2310 a Exeter St Davids Newton AbbotC a 0944ar 1102 1245g 1302 1441g 1502 1602 1702 1835g 1902 2102 2203 2330 a Newton Abbot TorquayC a 0933 1122at 1256g 1334at 1452g 1533at 1618at 1733at - 1919at - 2219at - a Torquay PaigntonC a 0946 1130at 1309g 1345at 1505g 1540at 1624at 1740at - 1926at - 2226at - a Paignton TotnesC a 0959ar 1116 1316 1516 1616 1716 1848g 1916 2116 2216 2343 a Totnes PlymouthC a 0630d 1030ar 1148 1348 1548 1648 1748 1920g 1948 2148 2248 0015 a Plymouth LiskeardC a 0652 1056ar 1311ax 1504ax 1653ax 1741ax 1817 2012 2254ax a Liskeard Bodmin ParkwayC a 0704 1108ar 1323ax 1516ax 1707ax 1808ax 1829 2024 2307ax a Bodmin Parkway Par a 0717 1119ar 1335ax 1527ax 1719ax 1820ax 1840 2035 2319ax a Par NewquayC a - - 1418bb - - - 2018p 2127pp - a Newquay St AustellC a 0723 1126ar 1342ax 1534ax 1727ax 1828ax 1846 2041 2326ax a St Austell TruroC a 0741 1144ar 1400ax 1552ax 1744ax 1845ax 1904 2059 2344ax a Truro RedruthC a 0752 1157ar 1413ax 1606ax 1757ax 1858ax 1915 2112 2357ax a Redruth CamborneC a 0759 1246ar 1419ax 1612ax 1804ax 1905ax 1922 2119 0004ax a Camborne St Erth a 0811 1210ar 1428ax 1623ax 1817ax 1905ax 1932 2129 0017ax a St Erth PenzanceC a 0827 1222ar 1441ax 1636ax 1835ax 1935ax 1948 2146 0035ax a Penzance Saturdays All direct Virgin Trains services are highlighted by the route-coloured background Special features Period of operation DC E DJ DJ DJ G DA EE DB H DC DA J DB K DC DJ DJ DJ L DC DC DJ DJ DC DJ D DC DJ DC D DC DJ DJ DC DJ DC DJ DC DJ DC DC DJ DJ AberdeenC d 0722f 0704gq 0600b 0820 0722f 0842gq 0820 0842gq 1041gq 1023f 1225f 1041gq 1242gq 1225f 1425f 1242gq 1425f 1520f 1442gq 1622f DundeeC d 0832f 0817gq 0720f 0932 0832f 0952gq 0932 0952gq 1152gq 1130f 1333f 1152gq 1351gq 1333f 1532f 1351gq 1532f 1629f 1552gq 1732f EdinburghC d 0652 0605g 0740 0951 - 0852 1052 0951 1105g 1056 - 1252h 1252 1452 - - 1452 1652 - 1651 1752 - 1852 HaymarketC d 0656u - 0744u 0955u - 0857u 1057u 0955u - 1100 - 1257h 1257u 1457u - - 1457u 1657u - 1655u 1756u - 1856u Glasgow CentralC d 0610h 0750 0648 - 0828h 1010 0806h - 0907h 1210 - 1150 1350 1410 - - 1350 1610 - - 1550 - 1720h 1810 1730h Motherwell d 0625h - 0702u - - - 0826h - 0926h 1123h - 1204u 1325h - - - 1405u 1525h - - 1605u - - 1827u - Carstairs d - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Lockerbie d 0752 0850 0744 0844 - - - - - - - 1250 1447 - - - - - - 1749 - 1750 1852 1913 1952 CarlisleC d 0630aj 0630c 0813 0914 0809 0906 1109 1122 1010 1213 1109 1321 1211 1309 1509 1521 1411 1612 1509 1721 1611 1811 1714 1813 1915 1936 2015 Penrith North LakesA d 0644aj 0644c 0829 0930 0824 0921 - - 1027 1229 1124 1247ac - 1325 1524 - - 1627 1524 1647c - 1827 1730 - 1930 1951 2030 Oxenholme Lake District d 0708aj 0708c 0853 0954 0849 0946 - 1158 1051 1253 1149 1358 1248 1349 1548 1558 1447 1652 1548 1711c 1647 1851 1754 1851 1955 2015 2055 LancasterC d 0520c 0625x 0631x 0625c 0724aj 0724c 0909 1009 0908 1004 1201 1201c 1026c 1309 1210 1412 1304 1403 1605 1527c 1503 1709 1605 1808 1703 1907 1811 1906 2011 2032 2109 PrestonC d 0615 0645x 0651x 0729 0744aj 0829 0829 0929 1029 0928 1025 1221 1229 1125 1329 1230 1432 1326 1425 1625 1629 1525 1729 1625 1829 1723 1929 1830 1927 2029 2052 2129 Wigan North WesternC d 0627 0657x 0703x 0741 0755aj 0841 0841 0941 1041 0941 - - 1241 1139 1341 1243 1359ah 1340 1439 - 1641 1538 1741 1639 1841 1736 1941 1845 1943 2047 2104 2151 BoltonC a - - - - - - - 0958c 1058c 0958t 1044s 1241 1258c 1158c 1358c 1259c 1458c 1358c 1459c 1645 1657c 1558c 1759c 1657c 1912c 1759c 2011c 1912c 1956s 2100 2156c 2203 Manchester PiccadillyC a - 0700d 0724d - 0820d 0824d - - 1020c 1120c 1020t 1114s 1317 1320c 1220ac 1420c 1314s 1520c 1420c 1514s 1715 1724c 1620c 1820c 1715s 1936c 1820c 2034c 1936c 2014s 2122 2218c 2234 Warrington Bank QuayC d 0647 0708x 0714x 0753 0806aj - 0853 0853 0953 1053 1009x - 1253 1205br 1353 1305br 1453 1405br 1505br 1653 1605br 1753 1705br 1853 1805br 1953 1910br 2010br 2115 - Crewe d 0710 0740 0810 0815 0846aj 0853aj 0915 0915 1015 1115 1115 1215 1315 1315 1415 1415 1515 1515 1615 1715 1715 1815 1815 1915 1915 2015 2015 2115 2138 2359ca StaffordC d 0734 0833 0833 - 0926 0926 0926v - - 1057v 1126v - 1257v 1326v - - 1457v 1526v - 1657v 1726v - - 1857v 1926v - - - 2204 WolverhamptonC d 0749 0849 0849 0849 0941 0941 0949 0949 1049 1149 1149 1249 1349 1349 1449 1449 1549 1549 1649 1749 1749 1849 1849 1949 1949 2049 2049 2149 2219 Birmingham New StreetC a 0806 0906 0906 0911 1000 1000 1006 1011 1111 1206 1206 1311 1406 1406 1511 1511 1606 1606 1711 1806 1806 1911 1911 2006 2006 2111 2111 2211 2240 Birmingham New StreetC d 0810 0910 0910 - 1010 1010 1010 - - 1210 1210 - 1410 1410 - - 1610 1610 - 1810 1810 - 2010 2010 Cheltenham SpaC a 0850 0950 0950 1011g 1050 1050 1050 1111g 1211g 1250 1250 1411g 1450 1450 1614g 1614g 1650 1650 1818g 1850 1850 2020g 2050 2050 Bristol ParkwayC a 0925 1024 1024 1058g 1125 1125 1125 1155g 1255g 1325 1325 1455g 1525 1525 1655g 1658g 1725 1725 1906g 1925 1925 2058g 2125 2125 Bristol Temple MeadsC a 0735d 0938 1038 1038 1111g 1138 1138 1138 1211g 1311g 1338 1338 1509g 1538 1538 1711g 1714g 1738 1738 1924g 1938 1938 2114g 2138 2138 TauntonC a 0840 1015 1151aq 1151aq 1151g 1215 1215 1216 1311g 1428 1415 1540g 1618 1616 1815 1815 2015 2016 2215 2215 Tiverton Parkway a 0853 1028 1204aq 1204aq 1204g 1249cj 1249cj 1228 1323g 1501cj 1428 1552g 1714cj 1628 1828 1828 2028 2028 2228 2228 Exeter St DavidsC a 0909 1043 1143 1143 1218g 1243 1243 1243 1339g 1453 1443 1607g 1647 1643 1843 1843 2043 2043 2243 2243 Newton AbbotC a 0937 1104 1221ar 1221ar 1246g 1310 1310 1305 1358g 1526 1503 1630g 1752ar 1706 1903 1903 2104 2103 2311 2311 TorquayC a 0949 1123at 1237ar 1237ar 1259g 1324 1324 1333at - 1540 1532at - 1715 1734at 1952ar 1952at 2122at 2136at - - PaigntonC a 1003 1131at 1244ar 1244ar 1313g 1338 1338 1341at - 1552 1539at - 1729 1741at 1959ar 1959at 2129at 2143at - - TotnesC a 0959at 1117 - - 1328at 1328at 1318 1411g 1554ar 1516 1643g 1805ar 1719 1916 1916 2117 2116 2324 2324 PlymouthC a 0635d 0653d 0918d 1030at 1151 1248 1248 1359at 1359at 1350 1443g 1623ar 1548 1710g 1833ar 1748 1948 1948 2148 2148 2358 2358 LiskeardC a 0657 0715 0940 1101at 1255ax 1310 1310 1447at 1447at 1504ax 1650ar 1625ax 1737g 1901ar 1819 2014 2013 Bodmin ParkwayC a 0710 0727 0952 1113at 1308ax 1322 1322 1459at 1459at 1516ax 1705ar 1637ax 1749g 1914ar 1831 2027 2025 Par a 0722 - 1003 1124at - 1404be 1404be - - 1529ax 1755ar 1650ax 1800g 1924ar 1842 2037 2036 NewquayC a - 0841 - 1307ar - 1449 1449 - - - 1840aq - - - - - - St AustellC a 0729 1009 1131at 1325ax 1411be 1411be 1515at 1515at 1536ax 1720at 1656ax 1807g 1932ar 1848 2044 2042 TruroC a 0746 1026 1149at 1342ax 1429be 1429be 1536at 1536at 1553ax 1738at 1714ax 1824g 1950ar 1906 2102 2059 RedruthC a 0758 1038 1202at 1355ax 1442be 1442be 1548at 1548at 1607ax 1751at 1727ax 1836g 2002ar 1917 2113 2111 CamborneC a 0804 1044 1208at 1402ax 1449be 1449be 1556at 1556at 1613ax 1758at 1733ax 1843g 2010ar 1924 2120 2117 St Erth a 0816 1054 1217at 1416ax 1502be 1502be 1610at 1610at 1623ax 1811at 1745ax 1853g 2020ar 1934 2131 2127 PenzanceC a 0832 1111 1231at 1431ax 1517be 1517be 1628at 1628at 1636ax 1825at 1757ax 1910g 2037ar 1950 2148 2144 Sundays All direct Virgin Trains services are highlighted by the route-coloured background Special features Period of operation EC EJ EA N EB P EC P EC EA Q EB EC EA U EB EC EA EB EJ EA V EB EC EA X EB Y EA Z EB EC EJ AA EA BB EB EC CC EC AA EA EB EC EJ EJ EC AberdeenC d 0930gq 0930gq 0950b 1155 1122gq 1122gq 1155g 1155 1350b 1350b 1350b 1510b 1510b 1530gq DundeeC d 0925b 1043gq 1043gq 1104b 1310 1243gq 1243gq 1310g 1310 1501b 1501b 1501b 1625b 1625b 1643gq EdinburghC d 1052 1052 1137 1247v 1252v - - 1252 1452 - - 1452g 1452 1651 1651 1652 1852 1852 - HaymarketC d 1057u 1057u 1142u 1252v 1257v - - 1256u 1457u - - 1456g 1456u 1657u 1657u 1656u 1857u 1856u - Glasgow CentralC d 0945 0945 - 1006h 1106h 1155 1155 - - 1355 1403 1145h - 1603 1603 - - 1620h 1615h - 1803 - - 2003 Motherwell d 1001u 1000u - 1023h 1123h 1211u 1211u - - 1339h 1323h 1159h - 1539h 1523h - - 1639h - - 1818u - - 2022u Carstairs d - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Lockerbie d 1044 1044 1151 1152 1239 1253 1253 - - - - 1247h - - - - - - - 1750 1902 1953 1951 2107 CarlisleC d 1107 1107 1212 1216 1301 1316 1316 1405v 1410v 1510 1515 1412 1610 1713 1713 1609g 1609 1810 1813 1813 1924 2014 2013 2130 Penrith North LakesA d 1123 1123 1202ac 1145ac 1317 - - - - 1525 1530 1323c 1626 1654ac 1646ac 1625g 1625 1825 1828 1828 1940 2029 2028 2145 Oxenholme Lake District d 1148 1148 1248 1253 1342 1352 1352 1441v 1446v 1549 1554 1450 1650 1750 1750 1650g 1650 1849 1853 1852 2004 2054 2053 2209 LancasterC d 1205 1205 1304 1309 1359 - - 1305 1457v 1502v 1605 1610 1507 1706 1806 1806 1706g 1706 1904 1909 1908 2020 2110 2107 2226 PrestonC d 1022 1022 0924 1225 1225 1125 1326 1329 1419 1425 1425 1325 1517v 1522v 1625 1629 1525 1726 1825 1825 1726g 1726 1924 1929 1927 2040 2129 2125 2301 Wigan North WesternC d 1035 1035 0938 1238 1238 1138 1338 1341 1434 1437 1437 1338 1529v 1534v 1637 1641 1538 1738 1837 1837 1739g 1739 1936 1941 1940 2054 2141 2140 2323s BoltonC a - - - 1308c 1253c - 1354c 1426c 1446 1451c 1452c 1352c - - 1652c 1711ci 1552c 1826c 1909ci 1909ci - 1826c 1953c 2026c 2026c 2126c 2226c 2156 2337s Manchester PiccadillyC a - - - 1327c 1315c - 1415c 1449c 1509 1515c 1515c 1415c 1530d 1529d 1715c 1729ci 1611s 1850c 1928ci 1928ci 1824d 1849c 2015c 2049c 2049c 2150c 2249c 2224 2359 Warrington Bank QuayC d 1045 1045 0940br 1249 1249 1205br 1350 1353 1449 1449 1340br 1541v 1546v 1648 1653 1605br 1750 1848 1848 - 1810br 1947 1953 1940br 2106 2153 2324ca Crewe d 0932 1109 1109 1105 1310 1310 1310 1411 1415 1510 1510 1510 1603v 1608v 1710 1715 1710 1811 1910 1910 1915g 1915 2011 2015 2110 2129 2215 StaffordC d 0952 1133 1133 1126 1253v 1253v 1319g - - 1453v 1453v 1518g 1631 1631 1653v 1653v 1714g - 1853v 1853v 1926 1926v - - 2130 2153 2236 WolverhamptonC d 0935g 0918g 0852g 1008 1149 1149 1141 1349 1349 1341 1455 1455 1549 1549 1541 1649 1649 1749 1749 1741 1852 1949 1949 1941 1949 2055 2052 2149 2209 2252 Birmingham New StreetC a - - - 1025 1206 1206 1159 1406 1406 1359 1516 1516 1606 1606 1559 1706 1706 1806 1806 1800 1914 2006 2006 2004 2010 2117 2114 2210 2230 2317 Birmingham New StreetC d 1010 1010 0940 1032 1210 1210 1232 1410 1410 1432 - - 1610 1610 1632 1710 1710 1810 1810 1832 - 2010 2010 2032 - - Cheltenham SpaC a 1050 1050 1050 1150 1250 1250 1350 1450 1450 1550 1611g 1611g 1650 1650 1750 1750 1750 1850 1850 1950 2011g 2050 2050 2150 2150g 2255g Bristol ParkwayC a 1210bg 1124 1125 1225 1410bg 1324 1425 1610bg 1525 1625 1654g 1810bg 1725 1825 1910bg 1834 2010bg 1925 2025 2210bg 2125 2225 2225g 2331g Bristol Temple MeadsC a 1230 1138 1137 1237 1435 1338 1437 1630 1538 1637 1714g 1846 1738 1837 1944 1846 2040 1938 2037 2230 2138 2237 2237g 2352g TauntonC a 1322 1223 1223 1315 1516 1415 1515 1715 1615 1715 1927 1815 1915 2015 1927 2115 2015 2115 2222 Tiverton Parkway a 1335 1328cj 1235 1328 1528 1428 1528 1728 1628 1728 1940 1828 1928 2028 1940 2128 2028 2128 2235 Exeter St DavidsC a 1350 1248 1251 1343 1543 1443 1543 1743 1643 1743 1955 1843 1943 2043 1955 2143 2043 2143 2250 Newton AbbotC a 1415 1314 1316 1403 1603 1503 1606 1802 1702 1803 2015 1903 2006 2105 2015 2205 2103 2203 2310 TorquayC a 1439at 1326 1327 1433at 1709at 1530at 1703at 1834at 1735at 1833at 2048at 1939at 2048at 2130at 2048at 2238at 2130at 2238at - PaigntonC a 1446at 1339 1340 1440at 1716at 1538at 1710at 1841at 1743at 1840at 2055at 1946at 2055at 2138at 2055at 2245at 2138at 2245at - TotnesC a 1428 1416at 1416ar 1416 1616 1516 1619 1816 1716 1816 2031 1916 2019 2121 2031 2218 2120 2216 2324 PlymouthC a 0915d 0928d 1500 1431cj 1416ar 1448 1648 1548 1651 1848 1748 1848 2105 1948 2051 2155 2105 2250 2148 2248 2355 LiskeardC a 0937 0950 1552ax 1458cj 1441ar 1616ax 1756ax 1740ax 1756ax 1917 1817 1917 2207ax 2017 2208ax 2223ax Bodmin ParkwayC a 0949 1006 1605ax 1511cj 1453ar 1628ax 1808ax 1752ax 1808ax 1929 1829 1929 2219ax 2029 2220ax 2235ax Par a 1000 1018 1615ax - - 1641ax 1820ax 1803ax 1820ax 1940 1840 1940 2230ax 2040 2231ax 2247ax NewquayC a - 1120 - - - - - - - - 1937p - - - - - St AustellC a 1006 1623ax 1526cj 1509ar 1648ax 1827ax 1810ax 1827ax 1946 1846 1946 2237ax 2046 2238ax 2254ax TruroC a 1023 1641ax 1544cj 1527ar 1706ax 1845ax 1827ax 1845ax 2004 1904 2004 2255ax 2104 2256ax 2312ax RedruthC a 1035 1653ax 1556cj 1539ar 1720ax 1858ax 1839ax 1858ax 2015 1915 2015 2308ax 2115 2309ax 2325ax CamborneC a 1041 1701ax 1604cj 1547ar 1726ax 1905ax 1846ax 1905ax 2022 1922 2022 2315ax 2122 2316ax 2332ax St Erth a - 1711ax 1616cj 1558ar 1737ax 1916ax 1856ax 1916ax 2032 1932 2032 2326ax 2132 2327ax 2343ax PenzanceC a 1105 1734ax 1631cj 1614ar 1755ax 1930ax 1912ax 1930ax 2049 1949 2049 2342ax 2149 2343ax 2359ax Take a seat! Seat reservations are free of charge on Virgin Trains, so please reserve yours before you travel This timetable is correct at the date of publication but changes may occur. Q Also calls Gloucester 1304; Newport 1347 U Also calls Gloucester 1504; Newport 1547 V Also calls Gloucester 1705; Newport 1746; Weston-super-Mare 1905 X Also calls Wilmslow 1546; Gloucester 1803; Newport 1846 Y Via Stoke-on-Trent (VT2 timetable). Also calls Weston-super-Mare 1905 Z Also calls Gloucester 1905; Newport 1946 Published by CrossCountry Trains Limited; a subsidiary of the Virgin Rail Group Limited. Registered Office: 120 Campden Hill Road, London, W8 7AR. Registered in England and Wales No: 3007937 Origination and Printing by Polestar Applied Solutions Marlborough Court, Sunrise Parkway, Linford Wood, Milton Keynes, MK14 6DY XC7001/A251/05.07-12.07 VT3 See timetable VT3 for details of additional local journeys by replacement road services between Gloucester and Bristol
  8. 8. L AY O U T S Y S T E M S
  9. 9. Rule of Thirds The rule states that an image can be divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines. The four points formed by the intersections of these lines will be points of focus for the brain.
  10. 10. Rule of Thirds
  11. 11. Rule of Thirds
  12. 12. Musical Logic Space in typography is like time in music. It is infinitely divisible, but a few proportional intervals can be much more useful than a limitless choice of arbitrary quantities. —Robert Bringhurst
  13. 13. Mathematical Logic
  14. 14. Golden Section (aka golden ratio, golden triangle) In mathematics and the arts, two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio between the sum of those quantities and the larger one is the same as the ratio between the larger one and the smaller. The golden ratio is a mathematical constant, approximately 1.6180339887.
  15. 15. Jan Tschichold
  16. 16. Golden Section start with a square multiply it’s length by 1.62
  17. 17. Golden Section: Web Design
  18. 18. Intuition (systems are for robots)
  19. 19. L AY O U T S Y S T E M S : I N T R O T O G R I D S
  20. 20. MARGINS FLOWLINES SPATIAL ZONES MODULESCOLUMNS MARKERS
  21. 21. Single-Column Grid
  22. 22. Single-Column Grid
  23. 23. Single-Column Grid
  24. 24. Multi-Column Grid
  25. 25. Multi-Column Grid
  26. 26. Jan Tschichold
  27. 27. Modular Grid
  28. 28. Modular Grid
  29. 29. Grid Hybrids and Combinations
  30. 30. 42 px columns, 10 px gutter
  31. 31. How to Set-Up a Grid in InDesign
  32. 32. How to Set-Up a Grid in InDesign
  33. 33. How to Set-Up a Grid in InDesign

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