INFANT By: Michelle, Rachel,ASSESSMENT Shanna, and Jamie (0-12 MONTHS)
Cognitive Activity• Pay attention to sights and sounds.• Look for dropped object.• Gaze at and track an object withhis/her eyes.• Act to trigger a pleasing sight, soundor motion, such as kicking at a mobile;repeat actions many times to cause adesired effect.• Show curiosity about things and tryto get things that are out of reach. Math:• Imitate sounds; imitate actions, such Play with toys and things of differentas clapping hands, pushing a toy. sizes and shapes.• Search for a hidden object. • Anticipate “more” during routines.
Cognitive Assessment Science: Use the senses (mouthing, Social Studies: watching, grasping, reaching) to • Show interest in people. get information and explore • Notice daily routines. what’s nearby. • Use more than one sense at a Arts: time, such as when looking at, • Gaze at pictures, photos and mirror feeling and shaking a rattle. images. • Repeat behaviors to figure out • Show interest in sounds, tones, cause and effect. For example, a voices, music, colors and shapes. toy released high always goes • Notice and move to music and/or down (law of gravity). rhythms. • Enjoy filling containers and dumping them out. • Show interest in animals and pictures of animals.http://www.livestrong.com/article/154193-infant-cognitive-development-activities/http://www.del.wa.gov/publications/development/docs/guidelines.pdf
One to Three Month Old Infant• Infants will learn to turn their heads to preferred positions Physical Activity when lying on their stomachs or Four to Seven Month Old Infant backs • Infants will be able to hold an object• Infants will be able to hold their in their hands and bring it to their chins up when lying on their mouths. They will eventually learn to stomachs pass an object from one hand to the• Infants will learn to roll from side other. to side by three months. • Infants will be able to push their• Infants will learn to reach out and heads and shoulders up and rest swipe at objects that are within their weight on their forearms when their field of view. they are lying on their stomachs.• Infants will start producing tears • Infants in this age group will start when they cry drooling and teething. • Infants will learn to roll from back to side, and then they will learn to roll from stomach to back. • Infants will learn to pull their feet to their mouth and play or chew on toes. • Infants may sit unsupported for a brief period of time.
Physical ActivityEight to Twelve Month Old Infant• Infants will be able to sit alone without support.• Infants can bang on tables or other surfaces with an object.• Infants will start crawling, either with their abdomen on, or off, of the floor.• Infants will learn to pull themselves up to a standing position, and eventually stand alone.• Infants will learn how to change positions, such as going from lying to sitting.• Infants can learn to drink from a cup.
Physical AssessmentDocument: 6 month old checklist/observation• General appearance & Lay baby on back and leave toys behavior around him/her. Then observe to see if Facial expression baby crawls, sits up or reaches for objects. • Posture / movement • Sits briefly by self • Behavior • sits in high chair• Parent observation • stands briefly while leaning on furniture• Classroom observation • rolls over both ways• Document with camera and • digs in with toes and hands to move take notes of changes in toward toy physical ability • reaches precisely• Take note of what child is • points at toys unable to do • manipulates blocks • uses whole hand to pick up small objects with thumb and fingers
Social/emotional Assessment ChecklistOne to Two Months of Age:During the first 3 months, an infantssocialization is based around activitiesof feeding, sleeping, elimination, andbody positioning. The infant also beginsearly stages of learning to self-regulate.In other words, to tune out when thereis too much stimulus and then arousewhen something of interest comesabout.The infant will do such things as react topaper being put over his or her faceand show recognition to mother or Adapted from: Allen, K.E. & Marotz, I. (1989). Developmental profiles: Birthother familiar and favorite caregivers. to six. Delmar Publisher Inc.Notes: www.pediatricbehavior.com/ChildD ev/infantsocialdev.htm
Social/emotional Assessment ChecklistThree to Four Months of Age: Five to Six Months of Age: SometimeReaches for familiar people. between 4-6 months, the infantIdentifying self in mirror. begins exchanging interactions withPlays actively with small toy. the caregiver. The child may smile inPlays by pulling something over response to being smiled at, as wellface (peek-a-boo). as begin to play simple back andPlays while propped with toys forth games, such as peek-a-boo.for 10-15 minutes. The infant also begins cooperating with spoon feeding, dressing, and other daily activities. Common behaviors you might see include: Smiles at self in mirror. Discriminates strangers from familiar people. Works for toy out of reach. Reaches for self in mirror.
Social/emotional Assessment ChecklistSeven to Nine Months of Age: Ten to Twelve Months of Age : DuringDuring the 7-9 month time the ten to twelve month period, theperiod, the infant begins to infant begins checking self needinitiate activities. The infant will against caregiver availability. Inwork to gain the caregivers other words, the infant will look toattention, will strain to reach an the primary caregiver and cry whenobject out of reach on the floor, hungry, or look for the caregiver toand to perform other behaviors comfort a hurt or when bored.to manipulate the environment. Common behaviors at this ageSome common behaviors include:include: Recognizes familiar people from aClings to familiar people and distance of 20 feet.hides face. Beginning to demandPlays with or reaches for self or independence.object in mirror by 12 months. Demands personal attention.Cooperates with adult in games. Mouthing toys and items less.Bites and chews toys.
Language AssessmentBabies may not be talking throughout thesemonths of their life but they are usinglanguage to communicate. Babies soakinformation up like sponges.By the end of three months old an infantmay:• Smile when you appear• Be startled when hearing a loud sound• Coo• Quiet or smile when being talked to• Recognize your voice• Let out different cries for different needs
Language AssessmentInfants grow rapidly and are learning somuch about the world they are justseeing for the first time.By the end of six months an infant may:• Making gurgling sounds when playing or when alone• Use repetition when talking “Ba Ba”• Use voice to express pleasure or displeasure• Move eyes in the direction of sound• Respond to changes in the tone of voice you are using• Notice toys make sounds• Pay attention to music
Language AssessmentThe next six months a lot of Infants start using language as soonlanguage growth happens. as they are born.By a year old an infant may: The first thing you hear from your• Try to imitate words baby is a cry. Since an infant has no• Say a few words (Dada, words, this is how they communicate Mama, Uh-oh) for the first few weeks.• Understand simple When a child Coo’s, smiles, babbles, instructions or uses expressions, this is all• Understand No language.• Turn and look in the At the age of 12 months children direction of sounds understand simple commands.• Use sign language Children often understand more language than what they are able to use.http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/ehs/ Infants need to be talked to. Childrenperf_measures/reports/resources_measuring/res_meas_cdiff.html learn to communicate best whenhttp://www.brazelton- they are talked to andinstitute.com/intro.html. communicated with.
Possible Signs of Developmental Delays By age 6 months, your baby:By age 2 months, your baby: •Doesn’t try to get things that are in reach• Doesn’t respond to loud sounds •Shows no affection for caregivers• Doesn’t watch things as they move •Doesn’t respond to sounds around him or her• Doesn’t smile at people •Has difficulty getting things to mouth• Doesn’t bring hands to mouth •Seems very floppy• Can’t hold head up when pushing •Doesn’t make vowel sounds (such as “ah,” up, when on tummy “eh,” “oh”) •Doesn’t roll over in either direction •Doesn’t laugh or make squealing soundsBy age 4 months, your baby: •Seems very stiff, with tight muscles• Doesn’t watch things as they move• Doesn’t smile at people By age 9 months, your baby:• Can’t hold head steady •Doesn’t bear weight on legs with support• Doesn’t coo or make sounds •Doesn’t sit with help• Doesn’t bring things to mouth •Doesn’t babble (“mama,” “baba,” “dada”) •Doesn’t play any games involving back and-• Doesn’t push down with legs when feet are placed on a hard surface forth play •Doesn’t respond to own name• Has trouble moving one or both eyes in all directions •Doesn’t seem to recognize familiar people •Doesn’t look where you point •Doesn’t transfer toys from one hand to the other