PSY285 Chapter 9
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PSY285 Chapter 9 PSY285 Chapter 9 Presentation Transcript

  • 1
    A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
    Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
    Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
    John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
    Margaret B. Manos
    Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
    McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • 2
    Chapter 9
    Stress and Physical Disorders
  • 3
    Chapter Main Points
    Mind and Body
    Stress
    How Stress Influences Illness
    Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders
    Groups at Risk
    Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy
  • 4
    Psychological Stress and Physical Disorders
    Psychophysiological Disorders: (psychosomatic disorders)
    Illnesses influenced by emotional factors
    Health psychology (behavioral medicine):
    Holistic thinking: our way of living and state of mind affect our physical well-being
  • 5
    Mind and Body
    Mind-body Problem:
    What is the relationship between the mind and the body?
  • 6
    Psychological Stress
    Defining Stress:
    Stress as a stimulus:
    Consists of environmental demands that lead to physical responses
    Stress as a response:
    Dr. Hans Selye’s “General Adaptation Syndrome”
    Stress as the interaction between the stimulus and the person’s appraisal of it
  • 7
    Psychological Stress
    Stimulus Specificity:
    Different kinds of stress produce different kinds of physiological response
    Individual Response Specificity:
    Characteristic patterns of physiological response which carry over from one type of stress to another
  • 8
    How Stress Influences Illness
    Changes in Physiological Functioning:
    The autonomic nervous system (ANS)
    Changes in the immune system
    naturalistic major events
    naturalistic minor events
    laboratory stressors
  • 9
    How Stress Influences Illness
    Changes in Physiological Functioning:
    Feedback Loops:
    negative feedback - the turning on of one component in a system leads to the turning off of another component
    oscillations - rhythmic back-and-forth cycles of the various systems in the body
  • 10
    Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders
    Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
    Hypertension
    Cancer
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • 11
    Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders
    Headache
    Migraine headache
    Muscle-contracted headache
    Obesity
  • 12
    Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders
    Sleep Disorders:
    Insomnia:
    the chronic inability to sleep
    Circadian Rhythm Disorders:
    occur when people try to sleep at times that are inconsistent with circadian rhythms; the cycles dictated by their “biological clocks”
  • 13
    Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders
    Groups at Risk:
    Gender
    Race
    Socioeconomic status
  • 14
    Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy
    The Behavioral Perspective:
    Respondent versus operant
    Biofeedback training
    Relaxation training
    Exercise
  • 15
    Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy
    The Cognitive Perspective:
    Predictability and control
    Stress management intervention
    The Psychodynamic Perspective:
    Psychological inhibition
    The value of catharsis
  • 16
    Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy
    The Family Systems Perspective
    The Sociocultural Perspective
    The Biological Perspective
    Genetic predisposition
    Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and other Interactive Theories
  • 17
    Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy
  • 18
    Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy
  • 19
    Recapping the Main Points
    Mind and Body
    Stress
    How Stress Influences Illness
    Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders
    Groups at Risk
    Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy
  • 20
    End of Chapter 9
    Stress and Physical Disorders