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1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />Jo...
2<br />Chapter 9<br />Stress and Physical Disorders<br />
3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Mind and Body<br />Stress<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Psychological Factors an...
4<br />Psychological Stress and Physical Disorders<br />Psychophysiological Disorders: (psychosomatic disorders)<br />Illn...
5<br />Mind and Body<br />Mind-body Problem:<br />What is the relationship between the mind and the body?<br />
6<br />Psychological Stress<br />Defining Stress:<br />Stress as a stimulus:<br />Consists of environmental demands that l...
7<br />Psychological Stress<br />Stimulus Specificity:<br />Different kinds of stress produce different kinds of physiolog...
8<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Changes in Physiological Functioning:<br />The autonomic nervous system (ANS)<br...
9<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Changes in Physiological Functioning:<br />Feedback Loops:<br />negative feedbac...
10<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)<br />Hypertension<br />Cancer<br />...
11<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Headache<br />Migraine headache<br />Muscle-contracted headache<...
12<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Sleep Disorders:<br />Insomnia:<br />the chronic inability to sl...
13<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Groups at Risk:<br />Gender<br />Race<br />Socioeconomic status<...
14<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />The Behavioral Perspective:<br />Respondent versus operant<br />Biofee...
15<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Predictability and control<br />Stress...
16<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />The Family Systems Perspective<br />The Sociocultural Perspective<br /...
17<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />
18<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />
19<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Mind and Body<br />Stress<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Psychological Fac...
20<br />End of Chapter 9<br />Stress and Physical Disorders<br />
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PSY285 Chapter 9

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Transcript of "PSY285 Chapter 9"

  1. 1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Chapter 9<br />Stress and Physical Disorders<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Mind and Body<br />Stress<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Groups at Risk<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Psychological Stress and Physical Disorders<br />Psychophysiological Disorders: (psychosomatic disorders)<br />Illnesses influenced by emotional factors<br />Health psychology (behavioral medicine):<br />Holistic thinking: our way of living and state of mind affect our physical well-being<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Mind and Body<br />Mind-body Problem:<br />What is the relationship between the mind and the body?<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Psychological Stress<br />Defining Stress:<br />Stress as a stimulus:<br />Consists of environmental demands that lead to physical responses<br />Stress as a response:<br />Dr. Hans Selye’s “General Adaptation Syndrome”<br />Stress as the interaction between the stimulus and the person’s appraisal of it<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Psychological Stress<br />Stimulus Specificity:<br />Different kinds of stress produce different kinds of physiological response<br />Individual Response Specificity:<br />Characteristic patterns of physiological response which carry over from one type of stress to another<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Changes in Physiological Functioning:<br />The autonomic nervous system (ANS)<br />Changes in the immune system<br />naturalistic major events<br />naturalistic minor events<br />laboratory stressors<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Changes in Physiological Functioning:<br />Feedback Loops:<br />negative feedback - the turning on of one component in a system leads to the turning off of another component<br />oscillations - rhythmic back-and-forth cycles of the various systems in the body<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)<br />Hypertension<br />Cancer<br />Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)<br />Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Headache<br />Migraine headache<br />Muscle-contracted headache<br />Obesity<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Sleep Disorders:<br />Insomnia:<br />the chronic inability to sleep<br />Circadian Rhythm Disorders:<br />occur when people try to sleep at times that are inconsistent with circadian rhythms; the cycles dictated by their “biological clocks”<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Groups at Risk:<br />Gender<br />Race<br />Socioeconomic status<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />The Behavioral Perspective:<br />Respondent versus operant<br />Biofeedback training<br />Relaxation training<br />Exercise<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Predictability and control<br />Stress management intervention<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />Psychological inhibition<br />The value of catharsis<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />The Family Systems Perspective<br />The Sociocultural Perspective<br />The Biological Perspective<br />Genetic predisposition<br />Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and other Interactive Theories<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Mind and Body<br />Stress<br />How Stress Influences Illness<br />Psychological Factors and Physical Disorders<br />Groups at Risk<br />Stress and Illness: Theory and Therapy<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />End of Chapter 9<br />Stress and Physical Disorders<br />
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