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PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
PSY285 Chapter 7
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PSY285 Chapter 7

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  1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2<br />Chapter 7<br />Anxiety Disorders<br />
  3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />Anxiety Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />
  4. 4<br />Anxiety Disorders<br />Anxiety:<br />Subjective reports<br />Behavioral responses<br />Physiological responses<br />
  5. 5<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />Panic Disorder:<br />Recurrent, uncued panic attacks, followed by psychological or behavioral problems<br />Agoraphobia<br />Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):<br />A chronic state of diffuse anxiety<br />
  6. 6<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />Phobias:<br />From the Greek word “Phobos” (God of Fear”)<br />An intense and persistent fear of an object or situation that poses no real threat<br />An avoidance of the phobic stimulus<br />
  7. 7<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />Specific Phobias:<br />Acrophobia - fear of heights<br />Claustrophobia - fear of enclosed spaces<br />Social Phobias:<br />Avoidance of certain actions in front of other people, for fear of embarrassment or humiliation<br />
  8. 8<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder:<br />Obsession:<br />A thought or an image that keeps intruding into a person’s consciousness<br />Compulsion:<br />An action that a person feels compelled to repeat again and again, in a stereotyped fashion, though he or she has no conscious desire to do so<br />
  9. 9<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):<br />A severe psychological reaction, lasting at least one month and involving intense fear, helplessness, or horror, to intensely traumatic events<br />Due to war, natural disaster, civilian catastrophe, or personal trauma<br />
  10. 10<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />
  11. 11<br />Anxiety Disorders: The Psychodynamic Perspective<br />Neurosis:<br />Free Association:<br />Patients are asked to report whatever comes to their minds<br />Resistance<br />Refusal to confront the unconscious conflict<br />Transference:<br />Patients reenact the love and hostility they felt toward their parents with the therapist<br />
  12. 12<br />Anxiety Disorders: The Behavioral Perspective<br />Avoidance Learning:<br />Stage 1:<br />Neutral stimulus is paired with aversive stimulus<br />Stage 2:<br />Negative reinforcement<br />
  13. 13<br />Anxiety Disorders: The Behavioral Perspective<br />Unlearning Anxiety:<br />Systematic Desensitization:<br />“Hierarchy of fears”<br />Exposure Therapy:<br />Confrontation with the feared stimulus<br />Flooding Technique:<br />Person is confronted with the feared stimulus for prolonged periods of time<br />
  14. 14<br />Anxiety Disorders: The Cognitive Perspective<br />
  15. 15<br />Anxiety Disorders: The Cognitive Perspective<br />Anxiety as misperception<br />Reducing perceptions of threat<br />
  16. 16<br />Anxiety Disorders: The Biological Perspective<br />Genetic Research<br />The Role of Neurotransmitters<br />
  17. 17<br />Drug Treatment<br />Minor Tranquilizers:<br />Benzodiazepines:<br />Valium (diazepam)<br />Xanax (alprazolam)<br />Ativan (lorazepam)<br />Tranxene (chlorazepate)<br />
  18. 18<br />Drug Treatment<br />Antidepressant Drugs:<br />Mono-Amine Oxidizer (MAO) Inhibitors:<br />Nardil (phenelzine)<br />Parnate (tranylcypromine)<br />
  19. 19<br />Drug Treatment<br />Antidepressant Drugs:<br />Tricyclic Antidepressants:<br />Tofranil (imipramine)<br />Elavil (amitriptyline)<br />Sinequan (doxepin)<br />Anafranil (clomipramine)<br />
  20. 20<br />Drug Treatment<br />Antidepressant Drugs:<br />Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)<br />Paxil (paroxetine)<br />Zoloft (sertraline)<br />Prozac (fluoxetine)<br />
  21. 21<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Anxiety Disorder Syndromes<br />Anxiety Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />
  22. 22<br />End of Chapter 7<br />Anxiety Disorders<br />

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