PSY285 Chapter 5
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  • 1. 1
    A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
    Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
    Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
    John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
    Margaret B. Manos
    Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
    McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • 2. 2
    Chapter 5
    The Psychodynamic, Humanistic-Existential, and Interpersonal Perspectives
  • 3. 3
    Chapter Main Points
    The Psychodynamic Perspective
    The Humanistic-Existential Perspective
    The Interpersonal Perspective
    Integrating the Perspectives
  • 4. 4
    The Psychodynamic Perspective
    Psychodynamic Perspective:
    A school of thought united by a concern with the dynamics or interaction of forces lying deep within the mind
  • 5. 5
    Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud
    The Depth Hypothesis:
    Almost all mental activity takes place unconsciously
    Interpretation:
    Revealing the hidden, intrapsychic motives
  • 6. 6
    Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud
    The Id:
    Pleasure principle
    The Ego:
    Reality principle
    The Superego:
    The “Conscience”
    Morality principle
  • 7. 7
    Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud
    Defense Mechanisms:
    Repression
    Projection
    Displacement
    Rationalization
    Isolation
  • 8. 8
    Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud
    Defense Mechanisms
    Intellectualization
    Denial
    Reaction formation
    Regression
    Undoing
    Sublimation
  • 9. 9
    Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud
    Stages of Psychosocial Development:
    Oral stage
    Anal stage
    Phallic stage
    Latency stage
    Genital stage
  • 10. 10
    Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud
    Abnormal Functioning:
    Neuroses
    Psychosis
  • 11. 11
    Psychodynamic Perspective: The Descendants of Freud
    Carl Gustav Jung
    Alfred Adler
    Harry Stack Sullivan
    Karen Horney
    Heinz Hartmann
  • 16. 12
    Psychodynamic Perspective: Approach to Therapy
    Freudian Psychoanalysis:
    Free association
    Dream interpretation
    Analysis of resistance
    Analysis of transference
  • 17. 13
    The Psychodynamic Perspective: Criticisms
    Lack of experimental support
    Dependence on inference
    Unrepresentative sampling and cultural bias
    Too reductionistic
  • 18. 14
    Humanistic-Existential Perspective
    Focus on the self and self’s potential
    personal growth as a goal
    Rational and constructive development
    psychological change is possible
    Self-actualization
    Generally construed as optimistic
    especially in contrast to Freud
  • 19. 15
    Humanistic-Existential Perspective
    Phenomenological approach: listening with maximum empathy to everything the patient communicates
    Therapist as facilitator, not leader
  • 20. 16
    Humanistic-Existential Perspective
    Carl Rogers: unconditional positive regard
    counteracting conditions of worth: “I must ____ to be deserving of love.”
    client-centered therapy
    Abraham Maslow: hierarchy of needs
  • 21. 17
    Humanistic Perspective:Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
    Self-actualization needs
    unique
    potential
    esteem, approval
    belongingness, love
    Psychological needs
    safety needs
    physiological needs
    Fundamental
    needs
  • 22. 18
    Interpersonal Perspective
    Actually a cluster of approaches emphasizing interactions among people
    Klerman Stack as first systematic theorist
    originally invented to treat depression
    IPT: interpersonal therapy
    Marital difficulty, lack of social support, etc. as contributors to disorders
  • 23. 19
    Recapping the Main Points
    The Psychodynamic Perspective
    The Humanistic-Existential Perspective
    The Interpersonal Perspective
    Integrating the Perspectives
  • 24. 20
    End of Chapter 5
    The Psychodynamic, Humanistic-Existential, and Interpersonal Perspectives