1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />Jo...
2<br />Chapter 5<br />The Psychodynamic, Humanistic-Existential, and Interpersonal Perspectives<br />
3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective<br />The Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />The Interpe...
4<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective<br />Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />A school of thought united by a concern with the...
5<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />The  Depth Hypothesis:<br />Almost all mental activity take...
6<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />The Id:<br />Pleasure principle<br />The Ego:<br />Reality ...
7<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Defense Mechanisms:<br />Repression<br />Projection<br />Di...
8<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Defense Mechanisms<br />Intellectualization<br />Denial<br ...
9<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Stages of Psychosocial Development:<br />Oral stage<br />An...
10<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Abnormal Functioning:<br />Neuroses<br />Psychosis<br />
11<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: The Descendants of Freud<br /><ul><li>Erik Erickson
Margaret Mahler
Heinz Kohut
John Bowlby
Mary Ainsworth</li></ul>Carl Gustav Jung<br />Alfred Adler<br />Harry Stack Sullivan<br />Karen Horney<br />Heinz Hartmann...
12<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Approach to Therapy<br />Freudian Psychoanalysis:<br />Free association<br />Dream inte...
13<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective: Criticisms<br />Lack of experimental support<br />Dependence on inference<br />Unre...
14<br />Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />Focus on the self and self’s potential<br />personal growth as a goal<br /...
15<br />Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />Phenomenological approach: listening with maximum empathy to everything th...
16<br />Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />Carl Rogers: unconditional positive regard<br />counteracting conditions o...
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PSY285 Chapter 5

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PSY285 Chapter 5

  1. 1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Chapter 5<br />The Psychodynamic, Humanistic-Existential, and Interpersonal Perspectives<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective<br />The Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />The Interpersonal Perspective<br />Integrating the Perspectives<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective<br />Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />A school of thought united by a concern with the dynamics or interaction of forces lying deep within the mind<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />The Depth Hypothesis:<br />Almost all mental activity takes place unconsciously<br />Interpretation:<br />Revealing the hidden, intrapsychic motives<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />The Id:<br />Pleasure principle<br />The Ego:<br />Reality principle<br />The Superego:<br />The “Conscience”<br />Morality principle<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Defense Mechanisms:<br />Repression<br />Projection<br />Displacement<br />Rationalization<br />Isolation<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Defense Mechanisms<br />Intellectualization<br />Denial<br />Reaction formation<br />Regression<br />Undoing<br />Sublimation<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Stages of Psychosocial Development:<br />Oral stage<br />Anal stage<br />Phallic stage<br />Latency stage<br />Genital stage<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Basic Concepts of Freud<br />Abnormal Functioning:<br />Neuroses<br />Psychosis<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: The Descendants of Freud<br /><ul><li>Erik Erickson
  12. 12. Margaret Mahler
  13. 13. Heinz Kohut
  14. 14. John Bowlby
  15. 15. Mary Ainsworth</li></ul>Carl Gustav Jung<br />Alfred Adler<br />Harry Stack Sullivan<br />Karen Horney<br />Heinz Hartmann<br />
  16. 16. 12<br />Psychodynamic Perspective: Approach to Therapy<br />Freudian Psychoanalysis:<br />Free association<br />Dream interpretation<br />Analysis of resistance<br />Analysis of transference<br />
  17. 17. 13<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective: Criticisms<br />Lack of experimental support<br />Dependence on inference<br />Unrepresentative sampling and cultural bias<br />Too reductionistic<br />
  18. 18. 14<br />Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />Focus on the self and self’s potential<br />personal growth as a goal<br />Rational and constructive development<br />psychological change is possible<br />Self-actualization<br />Generally construed as optimistic<br />especially in contrast to Freud<br />
  19. 19. 15<br />Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />Phenomenological approach: listening with maximum empathy to everything the patient communicates<br />Therapist as facilitator, not leader<br />
  20. 20. 16<br />Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />Carl Rogers: unconditional positive regard<br />counteracting conditions of worth: “I must ____ to be deserving of love.”<br />client-centered therapy<br />Abraham Maslow: hierarchy of needs<br />
  21. 21. 17<br />Humanistic Perspective:Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Self-actualization needs<br />unique<br />potential<br />esteem, approval <br />belongingness, love<br />Psychological needs<br />safety needs<br />physiological needs<br />Fundamental<br />needs<br />
  22. 22. 18<br />Interpersonal Perspective<br />Actually a cluster of approaches emphasizing interactions among people<br />Klerman Stack as first systematic theorist<br />originally invented to treat depression<br />IPT: interpersonal therapy<br />Marital difficulty, lack of social support, etc. as contributors to disorders<br />
  23. 23. 19<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective<br />The Humanistic-Existential Perspective<br />The Interpersonal Perspective<br />Integrating the Perspectives<br />
  24. 24. 20<br />End of Chapter 5<br />The Psychodynamic, Humanistic-Existential, and Interpersonal Perspectives<br />

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