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PSY285 Chapter 16
 

PSY285 Chapter 16

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    PSY285 Chapter 16 PSY285 Chapter 16 Presentation Transcript

    • 1
      A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
      Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
      Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
      John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
      Margaret B. Manos
      Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
      McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
    • 2
      Chapter 16
      Disorders of Childhood
      and Adolescence
    • 3
      Chapter Main Points
      • Issues in Child Psychopathology
      Disruptive Behavioral Disorders
      Disorders of Emotional Distress
      Eating Disorders
      Elimination Disorders
      Childhood Sleep Disorders
      Learning and Communication Disorders
      Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
    • 4
      Issues in Child Psychopathology
      Classification and Diagnosis:
      Disruptive behavior disorders
      Disorders of emotional distress
      Habit disorders
      Learning and communication disorders
    • 5
      Disruptive Behavior disorders
      Disruptive Behavior Disorders:
      Characterized by poorly controlled, impulsive, acting-out behavior in situations where self-control is expected
    • 6
      Disruptive Behavior disorders
      Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: (ADHD)
      Incessant restlessness and an extremely poor attention span, leading in turn to impulsive and disorganized behavior
    • 7
      Disruptive Behavior disorders
      Conduct Disorder:
      Aggression against people or animals
      Destruction of property
      Deceitful or theft
      Other serious violations of rules
    • 8
      Disorders of Emotional Distress
      Anxiety Disorders:
      Separation Anxiety Disorder:
      Intense fear and distress upon being separated from parents or other caregivers
      Social Phobia:
      Fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur
    • 9
      Disorders of Emotional Distress
      Anxiety Disorders:
      Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):
      Anticipatory anxiety about performance situations
    • 10
      Disorders of Emotional Distress
      Childhood Depression:
      Sad or hopeless mood, negative view of life, concentration problems, etc.
    • 11
      Eating Disorders
      Anorexia Nervosa:
      A severe restriction of food intake caused by a fear of gaining weight
      Bulimia Nervosa:
      Uncontrolled binge eating plus compensation (purging)
      Childhood Obesity:
      Often results in low self-esteem
    • 12
      Elimination Disorders
      Enuresis:
      A lack of bladder control past the age when such control is usual
      Encopresis:
      A lack of bowel control past the age when such control is usual
    • 13
      Childhood Sleep Disorders
      Insomnia:
      Difficulties falling asleep or staying asleep
      Nightmares:
      No particular physiological arousal
      Sleep Terror Disorder:
      Intense physiological arousal
    • 14
      Childhood Sleep Disorders
      Sleepwalking (Somnambulism):
      Children who sleepwalk typically fall asleep, and then, without waking up, they get out of bed an hour or two later and perform a complex action
    • 15
      Learning and Communication Disorders
      Learning Disorders:
      Reading Disorder (dyslexia):
      Read slowly and with poor comprehension
      Drop, substitute, or distort words
      Disorder of Written Expression:
      Poor paragraph organization
      Faulty spelling, grammar, and punctuation
      Illegible handwriting
    • 16
      Learning and Communication Disorders
      Learning Disorders:
      Mathematics Disorder (Dyscalculia):
      Failure to understand concepts
      Failure to recognize symbols
      Failure to remember operations
    • 17
      Learning and Communication Disorders
      Communication Disorders:
      Delayed Speech:
      Problems with articulation
      Difficulties with expressive language
      Delays in receptive language
      Stuttering:
      The interruption of fluent speech through blocked, prolonged, or repeated words, syllables, or sounds
    • 18
      Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
      The Cognitive Perspective:
      Negative cognitions in children
      Changing children’s cognitions
      The Behavioral Perspective:
      Inappropriate learning
      Relearning
    • 19
      Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
      The Psychodynamic Perspective:
      Conflict and regression
      Play therapy
      The Interpersonal Perspective:
      Family psychopathology
      Family therapy
    • 20
      Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
      The Sociocultural Perspective:
      Cultural patterns and norms
      The Neuroscience Perspective:
      Biogenic bases for childhood disorders
      Drug therapy: psychopharmacology
    • 21
      Recapping the Main Points
      Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
      Issues in Child Psychopathology
      Disruptive Behavioral Disorders
      Disorders of Emotional Distress
      Eating Disorders
      Elimination Disorders
      Childhood Sleep Disorders
      Learning and Communication Disorders
      Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
    • 22
      End of Chapter 16
      Disorders of Childhood
      and Adolescence