1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />Jo...
2<br />Chapter 16<br />Disorders of Childhood <br />and Adolescence<br />
3<br />Chapter Main Points<br /><ul><li>Issues in Child Psychopathology</li></ul>Disruptive Behavioral Disorders<br />Diso...
4<br />Issues in Child Psychopathology<br />Classification and Diagnosis:<br />Disruptive behavior disorders<br />Disorder...
5<br />Disruptive Behavior disorders<br />Disruptive Behavior Disorders:<br />Characterized by poorly controlled, impulsiv...
6<br />Disruptive Behavior disorders<br />Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: (ADHD)<br />Incessant restlessness and...
7<br />Disruptive Behavior disorders<br />Conduct Disorder:<br />Aggression against people or animals<br />Destruction of ...
8<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Anxiety Disorders:<br />Separation Anxiety Disorder:<br />Intense fear and dis...
9<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Anxiety Disorders:<br />Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):<br />Anticipatory ...
10<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Childhood Depression:<br />Sad or hopeless mood, negative view of life, conce...
11<br />Eating Disorders<br />Anorexia Nervosa:<br />A severe restriction of food intake caused by a fear of gaining weigh...
12<br />Elimination Disorders<br />Enuresis:<br />A lack of bladder control past the age when such control is usual<br />E...
13<br />Childhood Sleep Disorders<br />Insomnia:<br />Difficulties falling asleep or staying asleep<br />Nightmares:<br />...
14<br />Childhood Sleep Disorders<br />Sleepwalking (Somnambulism):<br />Children who sleepwalk typically fall asleep, and...
15<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Learning Disorders:<br />Reading Disorder (dyslexia):<br />Read slowly a...
16<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Learning Disorders:<br />Mathematics Disorder (Dyscalculia):<br />Failur...
17<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Communication Disorders:<br />Delayed Speech:<br />Problems with articul...
18<br />Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Negative cognitions in children...
19<br />Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />Conflict and regression<br ...
20<br />Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />The Sociocultural Perspective:<br />Cultural patterns and norms...
21<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence<br />Issues in Child Psychopathology<br />Di...
22<br />End of Chapter 16<br />Disorders of Childhood <br />and Adolescence<br />
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PSY285 Chapter 16

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PSY285 Chapter 16

  1. 1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Chapter 16<br />Disorders of Childhood <br />and Adolescence<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br /><ul><li>Issues in Child Psychopathology</li></ul>Disruptive Behavioral Disorders<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Eating Disorders<br />Elimination Disorders<br />Childhood Sleep Disorders<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Issues in Child Psychopathology<br />Classification and Diagnosis:<br />Disruptive behavior disorders<br />Disorders of emotional distress<br />Habit disorders<br />Learning and communication disorders<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Disruptive Behavior disorders<br />Disruptive Behavior Disorders:<br />Characterized by poorly controlled, impulsive, acting-out behavior in situations where self-control is expected<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Disruptive Behavior disorders<br />Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: (ADHD)<br />Incessant restlessness and an extremely poor attention span, leading in turn to impulsive and disorganized behavior<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Disruptive Behavior disorders<br />Conduct Disorder:<br />Aggression against people or animals<br />Destruction of property<br />Deceitful or theft<br />Other serious violations of rules<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Anxiety Disorders:<br />Separation Anxiety Disorder:<br />Intense fear and distress upon being separated from parents or other caregivers<br />Social Phobia:<br />Fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Anxiety Disorders:<br />Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):<br />Anticipatory anxiety about performance situations<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Childhood Depression:<br />Sad or hopeless mood, negative view of life, concentration problems, etc.<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Eating Disorders<br />Anorexia Nervosa:<br />A severe restriction of food intake caused by a fear of gaining weight<br />Bulimia Nervosa:<br />Uncontrolled binge eating plus compensation (purging)<br />Childhood Obesity:<br />Often results in low self-esteem<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Elimination Disorders<br />Enuresis:<br />A lack of bladder control past the age when such control is usual<br />Encopresis:<br />A lack of bowel control past the age when such control is usual<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Childhood Sleep Disorders<br />Insomnia:<br />Difficulties falling asleep or staying asleep<br />Nightmares:<br />No particular physiological arousal<br />Sleep Terror Disorder:<br />Intense physiological arousal<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Childhood Sleep Disorders<br />Sleepwalking (Somnambulism):<br />Children who sleepwalk typically fall asleep, and then, without waking up, they get out of bed an hour or two later and perform a complex action<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Learning Disorders:<br />Reading Disorder (dyslexia):<br />Read slowly and with poor comprehension<br />Drop, substitute, or distort words<br />Disorder of Written Expression:<br />Poor paragraph organization<br />Faulty spelling, grammar, and punctuation<br />Illegible handwriting<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Learning Disorders:<br />Mathematics Disorder (Dyscalculia):<br />Failure to understand concepts<br />Failure to recognize symbols<br />Failure to remember operations<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Communication Disorders:<br />Delayed Speech:<br />Problems with articulation<br />Difficulties with expressive language<br />Delays in receptive language<br />Stuttering:<br />The interruption of fluent speech through blocked, prolonged, or repeated words, syllables, or sounds<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Negative cognitions in children<br />Changing children’s cognitions<br />The Behavioral Perspective:<br />Inappropriate learning<br />Relearning<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />Conflict and regression<br />Play therapy<br />The Interpersonal Perspective:<br />Family psychopathology<br />Family therapy<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />The Sociocultural Perspective:<br />Cultural patterns and norms<br />The Neuroscience Perspective:<br />Biogenic bases for childhood disorders<br />Drug therapy: psychopharmacology<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence<br />Issues in Child Psychopathology<br />Disruptive Behavioral Disorders<br />Disorders of Emotional Distress<br />Eating Disorders<br />Elimination Disorders<br />Childhood Sleep Disorders<br />Learning and Communication Disorders<br />Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy<br />
  22. 22. 22<br />End of Chapter 16<br />Disorders of Childhood <br />and Adolescence<br />

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