Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
PSY285 Chapter 16
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

PSY285 Chapter 16

525

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
525
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 1
    A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
    Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
    Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
    John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
    Margaret B. Manos
    Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
    McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • 2. 2
    Chapter 16
    Disorders of Childhood
    and Adolescence
  • 3. 3
    Chapter Main Points
    • Issues in Child Psychopathology
    Disruptive Behavioral Disorders
    Disorders of Emotional Distress
    Eating Disorders
    Elimination Disorders
    Childhood Sleep Disorders
    Learning and Communication Disorders
    Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
  • 4. 4
    Issues in Child Psychopathology
    Classification and Diagnosis:
    Disruptive behavior disorders
    Disorders of emotional distress
    Habit disorders
    Learning and communication disorders
  • 5. 5
    Disruptive Behavior disorders
    Disruptive Behavior Disorders:
    Characterized by poorly controlled, impulsive, acting-out behavior in situations where self-control is expected
  • 6. 6
    Disruptive Behavior disorders
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: (ADHD)
    Incessant restlessness and an extremely poor attention span, leading in turn to impulsive and disorganized behavior
  • 7. 7
    Disruptive Behavior disorders
    Conduct Disorder:
    Aggression against people or animals
    Destruction of property
    Deceitful or theft
    Other serious violations of rules
  • 8. 8
    Disorders of Emotional Distress
    Anxiety Disorders:
    Separation Anxiety Disorder:
    Intense fear and distress upon being separated from parents or other caregivers
    Social Phobia:
    Fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur
  • 9. 9
    Disorders of Emotional Distress
    Anxiety Disorders:
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):
    Anticipatory anxiety about performance situations
  • 10. 10
    Disorders of Emotional Distress
    Childhood Depression:
    Sad or hopeless mood, negative view of life, concentration problems, etc.
  • 11. 11
    Eating Disorders
    Anorexia Nervosa:
    A severe restriction of food intake caused by a fear of gaining weight
    Bulimia Nervosa:
    Uncontrolled binge eating plus compensation (purging)
    Childhood Obesity:
    Often results in low self-esteem
  • 12. 12
    Elimination Disorders
    Enuresis:
    A lack of bladder control past the age when such control is usual
    Encopresis:
    A lack of bowel control past the age when such control is usual
  • 13. 13
    Childhood Sleep Disorders
    Insomnia:
    Difficulties falling asleep or staying asleep
    Nightmares:
    No particular physiological arousal
    Sleep Terror Disorder:
    Intense physiological arousal
  • 14. 14
    Childhood Sleep Disorders
    Sleepwalking (Somnambulism):
    Children who sleepwalk typically fall asleep, and then, without waking up, they get out of bed an hour or two later and perform a complex action
  • 15. 15
    Learning and Communication Disorders
    Learning Disorders:
    Reading Disorder (dyslexia):
    Read slowly and with poor comprehension
    Drop, substitute, or distort words
    Disorder of Written Expression:
    Poor paragraph organization
    Faulty spelling, grammar, and punctuation
    Illegible handwriting
  • 16. 16
    Learning and Communication Disorders
    Learning Disorders:
    Mathematics Disorder (Dyscalculia):
    Failure to understand concepts
    Failure to recognize symbols
    Failure to remember operations
  • 17. 17
    Learning and Communication Disorders
    Communication Disorders:
    Delayed Speech:
    Problems with articulation
    Difficulties with expressive language
    Delays in receptive language
    Stuttering:
    The interruption of fluent speech through blocked, prolonged, or repeated words, syllables, or sounds
  • 18. 18
    Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
    The Cognitive Perspective:
    Negative cognitions in children
    Changing children’s cognitions
    The Behavioral Perspective:
    Inappropriate learning
    Relearning
  • 19. 19
    Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
    The Psychodynamic Perspective:
    Conflict and regression
    Play therapy
    The Interpersonal Perspective:
    Family psychopathology
    Family therapy
  • 20. 20
    Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
    The Sociocultural Perspective:
    Cultural patterns and norms
    The Neuroscience Perspective:
    Biogenic bases for childhood disorders
    Drug therapy: psychopharmacology
  • 21. 21
    Recapping the Main Points
    Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
    Issues in Child Psychopathology
    Disruptive Behavioral Disorders
    Disorders of Emotional Distress
    Eating Disorders
    Elimination Disorders
    Childhood Sleep Disorders
    Learning and Communication Disorders
    Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: Theory and Therapy
  • 22. 22
    End of Chapter 16
    Disorders of Childhood
    and Adolescence

×