1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />Jo...
2<br />Chapter 14<br />Schizophrenia and <br />Delusional Disorder<br />
3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Schizophrenia<br />Delusional Disorder<br />Problems in the Study of Schizophrenia<br />Sc...
4<br />Schizophrenia<br />Schizophrenia:<br />A group of psychoses in which deterioration of functioning is marked by seve...
5<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Delusions:<br />Delusions of Persecution<br />Delusions of Co...
6<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Delusions:<br />Delusions of Grandeur<br />Delusions of Sin a...
7<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Delusions:<br />Thought broadcasting<br />Thought insertion<b...
8<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Loosening of Associations (loose associations):<br />Ideas ju...
9<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Poverty of Content:<br />Poor communication despite correct g...
10<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Clanging (clang association):<br />The pairing of words that...
11<br />Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Disorders of Perception<br />Breakdown of Selective Attention:<br />Inability to confin...
12<br />Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Disorders of Mood<br />Blunted Affect:<br />Patient shows little emotion<br />Flat Affe...
13<br />Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Disorders of Motor Behavior<br />Stereotypy:<br />The act of engaging in purposeless be...
14<br />The Course of Schizophrenia<br />The Prodromal Phase:<br />The gradual deterioration of functioning before any cle...
15<br />The Course of Schizophrenia<br />The Residual Phase:<br />Gradual recovery<br />Behavior is similar to that of the...
16<br />The Subtypes of Schizophrenia<br />Disorganized Schizophrenia:<br />Pronounced incoherence of speech<br />Mood dis...
17<br />The Subtypes of Schizophrenia<br />Catatonic Schizophrenia:<br />Marked disturbance in motor behavior<br />Cataton...
18<br />The Subtypes of Schizophrenia<br />Paranoid Schizophrenia:<br />Delusions and/or hallucinations of a relatively co...
19<br />Dimensions of Schizophrenia<br />Process-reactive Dimension:<br />Variation in onset of schizophrenia<br />Good-po...
20<br />Dimensions of Schizophrenia<br />Positive-negative Symptoms Dimension:<br />Positive Symptoms:<br />The presence o...
21<br />Dimensions of Schizophrenia<br />Paranoid-nonparanoid:<br />The criterion of classification is the presence (paran...
22<br />Delusional Disorder<br />The Symptoms of Delusional Disorder:<br />Persecutory type<br />Grandiose type<br />Jealo...
23<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Neuroscience Perspective:<br />Genetic studies:<br />Family studies<br ...
24<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />
25<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Neuroscience Perspective:<br />Brain imaging studies<br />Prenatal brai...
26<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />Biochemical Research:<br />The Dopamine Hypothesis:<br />schizophrenia is a...
27<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Overattention<br />Underattention<br />Vuln...
28<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Interpersonal Perspective:<br />Expressed emotion<br />Communication de...
29<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Behavioral Perspective:<br />Learned nonresponsiveness<br />Relearning ...
30<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Sociocultural Perspective:<br />Assertive Community Treatment (ACT)<br ...
31<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Schizophrenia<br />Delusional Disorder<br />Problems in the Study of Schizophrenia<...
32<br />End of Chapter 14<br />Schizophrenia and <br />Delusional Disorder<br />
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PSY285 Chapter 14

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PSY285 Chapter 14

  1. 1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Chapter 14<br />Schizophrenia and <br />Delusional Disorder<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Schizophrenia<br />Delusional Disorder<br />Problems in the Study of Schizophrenia<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Schizophrenia<br />Schizophrenia:<br />A group of psychoses in which deterioration of functioning is marked by severe distortion of thought, perception, and mood, by bizarre behavior<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Delusions:<br />Delusions of Persecution<br />Delusions of Control (Delusions of influence)<br />Delusions of Reference<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Delusions:<br />Delusions of Grandeur<br />Delusions of Sin and Guilt<br />Hypochondriacal Delusions<br />Nihilistic Delusions (non-existence)<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Delusions:<br />Thought broadcasting<br />Thought insertion<br />Thought withdrawal<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Loosening of Associations (loose associations):<br />Ideas jump from one to another, with the result that the person wanders further and further away from the topic<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Poverty of Content:<br />Poor communication despite correct grammar and adequate vocabulary<br />Neologisms:<br />The use of new words and phrases, often formed by combining parts of two or more regular words that have little if any translation<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Schizophrenia: Disorders of Thought and Language<br />Clanging (clang association):<br />The pairing of words that have no relation to one another beyond the fact that they rhyme or sound alike<br />Word Salad:<br />Words and phrases are combined in what appears to be a completely disorganized fashion<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Disorders of Perception<br />Breakdown of Selective Attention:<br />Inability to confine extraneous data to the edge of consciousness<br />Hallucinations:<br />Perceptions that occur in the absence of any appropriate external stimuli<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Disorders of Mood<br />Blunted Affect:<br />Patient shows little emotion<br />Flat Affect:<br />Patient shows no emotion<br />Inappropriate Affect:<br />The expression of emotions unsuitable to the situation<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Disorders of Motor Behavior<br />Stereotypy:<br />The act of engaging in purposeless behaviors repetitively over long periods of time<br />Social Withdrawal:<br />The lack of attention to or interest in the goings-on of the external world<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />The Course of Schizophrenia<br />The Prodromal Phase:<br />The gradual deterioration of functioning before any clearly psychotic symptoms appear<br />The Active Phase:<br />Patient begins showing prominent psychotic symptoms <br />
  15. 15. 15<br />The Course of Schizophrenia<br />The Residual Phase:<br />Gradual recovery<br />Behavior is similar to that of the prodromal phase<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />The Subtypes of Schizophrenia<br />Disorganized Schizophrenia:<br />Pronounced incoherence of speech<br />Mood disturbance<br />Disorganized behavior, or lack of goal orientation<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />The Subtypes of Schizophrenia<br />Catatonic Schizophrenia:<br />Marked disturbance in motor behavior<br />Catatonic stupor<br />complete immobility, usually accompanied by mutism<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />The Subtypes of Schizophrenia<br />Paranoid Schizophrenia:<br />Delusions and/or hallucinations of a relatively consistent nature, often related to the themes of persecution and grandeur<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />Dimensions of Schizophrenia<br />Process-reactive Dimension:<br />Variation in onset of schizophrenia<br />Good-poor Premorbid Dimension:<br />How well the patient was functioning before the onset of the active phase<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />Dimensions of Schizophrenia<br />Positive-negative Symptoms Dimension:<br />Positive Symptoms:<br />The presence of something that is normally absent<br />Negative Symptoms:<br />The absence of something that is normally present<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />Dimensions of Schizophrenia<br />Paranoid-nonparanoid:<br />The criterion of classification is the presence (paranoid) or absence (nonparanoid) of delusions of persecution and/or grandeur<br />
  22. 22. 22<br />Delusional Disorder<br />The Symptoms of Delusional Disorder:<br />Persecutory type<br />Grandiose type<br />Jealous type<br />Erotomanic type<br />Somatic type<br />
  23. 23. 23<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Neuroscience Perspective:<br />Genetic studies:<br />Family studies<br />Twin studies<br />Adoption studies<br />Mode of transmission<br />Genetic high-risk studies<br />Behavioral high-risk studies<br />
  24. 24. 24<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />
  25. 25. 25<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Neuroscience Perspective:<br />Brain imaging studies<br />Prenatal brain injury<br />
  26. 26. 26<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />Biochemical Research:<br />The Dopamine Hypothesis:<br />schizophrenia is associated with excess activity in the parts of the brain that use dopamine as a neurotransmitter<br />
  27. 27. 27<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Overattention<br />Underattention<br />Vulnerability<br />Cognitive therapy<br />
  28. 28. 28<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Interpersonal Perspective:<br />Expressed emotion<br />Communication deviance<br />Treatment for families<br />
  29. 29. 29<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Behavioral Perspective:<br />Learned nonresponsiveness<br />Relearning normal behavior<br />Direct reinforcement<br />The token economy<br />Social-skills training<br />
  30. 30. 30<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />The Sociocultural Perspective:<br />Assertive Community Treatment (ACT)<br />Personal Therapy<br />Unitary Theories: <br />diathesis stress model<br />
  31. 31. 31<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Schizophrenia<br />Delusional Disorder<br />Problems in the Study of Schizophrenia<br />Schizophrenia: Theory and Therapy<br />
  32. 32. 32<br />End of Chapter 14<br />Schizophrenia and <br />Delusional Disorder<br />

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