PSY285 Chapter 13
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PSY285 Chapter 13 PSY285 Chapter 13 Presentation Transcript

  • 1
    A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
    Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
    Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
    John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
    Margaret B. Manos
    Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
    McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • 2
    Chapter 13
    Sexual Dysfunctions, Paraphilias, and Gender Identity Disorders
  • 3
    Chapter Main Points
    Classifying Sexual Behavior
    Sexual Dysfunction
    Sexual Dysfunction: Theory and Therapy
    Paraphilias
    Paraphilias: Theory and Therapy
    Gender Identity Disorders (GID)
  • 4
    Sexual Dysfunctions
    Sexual Dysfunctions:
    Disorders involving either a disruption of the sexual response cycle or pain during intercourse
  • 5
    Forms of Sexual Dysfunctions
    Sexual Desire Disorders:
    Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder:
    Uninterested in sexual activity and sexual fantasy
    Sexual Aversion Disorder:
    Uninterested in sex
    Disgusted or frightened by sex and actively avoids it
  • 6
    Forms of Sexual Dysfunctions
    Sexual Arousal Disorders:
    Female Sexual Arousal Disorder:
    Insufficient vaginal lubrication
    Male Erectile Disorder:
    Impotence
  • 7
    Forms of Sexual Dysfunctions
    Orgasmic Disorders:
    Female Orgasmic Disorder:
    Women with difficulty in reaching orgasm
    Male Orgasmic Disorder:
    Men with difficulty reaching orgasm
    Premature Ejaculation:
    Man reaches orgasm before, on, or shortly after penetration
  • 8
    Forms of Sexual Dysfunctions
    Sexual Pain Disorders:
    Dyspareunia:
    Pain during sexual activity
    Vaginismus:
    Muscles surrounding the vagina contract involuntarily
  • 9
    Diagnosing Sexual Dysfunction
    Lifelong Dysfunction:
    Existed, without relief, since the person’s earliest sexual experiences
    Acquired Dysfunction:
    Develops after at least one period of normal functioning
  • 10
    Diagnosing Sexual Dysfunction
    Generalized Dysfunction:
    Present in all sexual situations at the time of diagnosis
    Situational Dysfunction:
    Occurs only in certain situations or with certain partners
  • 11
    Groups at Risk for Sexual Dysfunction
  • 12
    Sexual Dysfunction: Theory and Therapy
    The Psychodynamic Perspective:
    Unresolved Oedipal conflicts
    The Behavioral and Cognitive Perspectives:
    Learned anxiety and the spectator role
    Assessment
    Direct symptomatic treatment
  • 13
    Sexual Dysfunction: Theory and Therapy
    Multifaceted Treatment:
    Remote causes
    Family systems theory
    Results of Cognitive-Behavioral direct treatment
  • 14
    Paraphilias
    Fetishism:
    Reliance on inanimate objects or on a body part for sexual gratification
    Transvestism:
    Sexual gratification through dressing in the clothes of the opposite sex
  • 15
    Paraphilias
    Exhibitionism:
    Sexual gratification through display of one’s genitals to an involuntary observer
    Voyeurism:
    Sexual gratification through clandestine observation of other people’s sexual activities or sexual anatomy
  • 16
    Paraphilias
    Sadism:
    Sexual gratification through infliction of pain and/or humiliation on others
    Masochism:
    Sexual gratification through pain and/or humiliation inflicted on oneself
  • 17
    Paraphilias
    Frotteurism:
    French word meaning to “rub”
    Sexual gratification through touching and rubbing against a non-consenting person
    Pedophilia:
    Sexual gratification, on the part of the adult, through sexual contact with prepubescent children
  • 18
    Paraphilias: Theory and Therapy
    The Psychodynamic Perspective:
    Oedipal fixation
    Group and individual therapy
    The Behavioral Perspective:
    Conditioning
    Unlearning deviant patterns
  • 19
    Paraphilias: Theory and Therapy
    The Cognitive Perspective:
    Learning deviant attitudes
    Combating deviant beliefs
    The Neuroscience Perspective:
    Contributions and causes
  • 20
    Gender Identity Disorders
    Gender Identity Disorder (GID):
    A group of patterns characterized by a central dilemma, that of having a gender identity, opposite to one’s biological gender
    Gender dysphoria
    Desire to change to the other gender
  • 21
    Gender Identity Disorder Patterns
    Homosexual male-to-female transsexuals
    Homosexual female-to-male transsexuals
    Heterosexual male-to-female transsexuals
  • 22
    Recapping the Main Points
    Classifying Sexual Behavior
    Sexual Dysfunction
    Sexual Dysfunction: Theory and Therapy
    Paraphilias
    Paraphilias: Theory and Therapy
    Gender Identity Disorders (GID)
  • 23
    End of Chapter 13
    Sexual Dysfunctions, Paraphilias, and Gender Identity Disorders