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PSY285 Chapter 12

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  • 1. 1
    A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
    Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
    Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
    John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
    Margaret B. Manos
    Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
    McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • 2. 2
    Chapter 12
    The Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
  • 3. 3
    Chapter Main Points
    Substance Dependence
    Substance Abuse
    Alcohol Dependence
    Nicotine Dependence
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
  • 4. 4
    Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
    Substance Dependence:
    Preoccupation with the drug
    Unintentional overuse
    Tolerance
    Withdrawal
  • 5. 5
    Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
    Substance Dependence:
    Persistent desire or efforts to control drug use
    The abandonment of important social, occupational, or recreational activities for the sake of drug use
    Continued drug use despite serious drug-related problems
  • 6. 6
    Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
    Substance Abuse:
    Recurrent, drug-related failure to fulfill major role obligations
    Recurrent drug use in physically dangerous situations
    Drug-related legal problems
    Continued drug use despite social or interpersonal problems
  • 7. 7
    Alcohol Dependence
  • 8. 8
    Alcohol Dependence
    The Personal Cost of Alcohol Problems:
    Immediate effects of alcohol
    Long-term effects of alcohol abuse
  • 9. 9
    Alcohol Dependence
    Groups at Risk for Alcohol Abuse and Dependence:
    Gender
    Race, ethnicity, and religion
    Age
  • 10. 10
    Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
    Medical Detoxification:
    Getting alcohol out of the person’s system and seeing him or her through the withdrawal symptoms
  • 11. 11
    Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
    Multimodal treatments
    Support groups: Alcoholics Anonymous
    Outpatient and brief treatments
    Motivational interviewing
    Relapse prevention
    Matching
  • 12. 12
    Nicotine Dependence
  • 13. 13
    Nicotine Dependence
    The Antismoking Movement
    Legal Remedies
    Learning or Addiction?
    Treatment
  • 14. 14
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
  • 15. 15
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Depressants:
    Opiates and Opioids:
    Induce relaxation and reverie
    Provide relief from anxiety and pain
    Opium, Morphine, Heroin, Methadone
  • 16. 16
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Depressants:
    Barbiturates:
    Powerful sedative drugs
    Alleviate tension and bring about relaxation and sleep
    Tranquilizers and Nonbarbiturate Sedatives:
    Used in treatment of anxiety disorders and stress-related physical disorders
  • 17. 17
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Stimulants:
    Amphetamines:
    A group of synthetic stimulants which reduce feelings of boredom or weariness
    Users find themselves alert, confident, full of energy, and generally ready to take on the world
  • 18. 18
    Cocaine
  • 19. 19
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Hallucinogens:
    LSD:
    Interfere with the processing of information in the nervous system, causing hallucinations
    PCP:
    Cheap, easily available, and often mixed with other substances
    Behavioral toxicity
  • 20. 20
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Marijuana and Hashish:
    Similar, but milder, effects as other hallucinogens
    Is Marijuana Dangerous?
    Marijuana as a Medical Treatment
  • 21. 21
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Psychodynamic Perspective:
    Drugs and conflict
    Acquiring self-care
    The Behavioral Perspective:
    Psychological and biochemical rewards
    Learning not to abuse drugs
  • 22. 22
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Family Systems Perspective:
    Behavioral couple therapy
    Family therapy
    The Cognitive Perspective:
    Thinking about drugs
    Cognitive-behavior therapy
  • 23. 23
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Neuroscience Perspective:
    Genetic studies
    Biochemical studies
    Endorphins
    Dopamine
    Drug treatment for drug dependence
  • 24. 24
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Sociocultural Perspective:
    Drugs and poverty
    Harm reduction
  • 25. 25
    Recapping the Main Points
    Substance Dependence
    Substance Abuse
    Alcohol Dependence
    Nicotine Dependence
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
  • 26. 26
    End of Chapter 12
    The Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse