PSY285 Chapter 12

  • 386 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
386
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 1
    A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
    Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
    Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
    John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
    Margaret B. Manos
    Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
    McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • 2. 2
    Chapter 12
    The Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
  • 3. 3
    Chapter Main Points
    Substance Dependence
    Substance Abuse
    Alcohol Dependence
    Nicotine Dependence
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
  • 4. 4
    Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
    Substance Dependence:
    Preoccupation with the drug
    Unintentional overuse
    Tolerance
    Withdrawal
  • 5. 5
    Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
    Substance Dependence:
    Persistent desire or efforts to control drug use
    The abandonment of important social, occupational, or recreational activities for the sake of drug use
    Continued drug use despite serious drug-related problems
  • 6. 6
    Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse
    Substance Abuse:
    Recurrent, drug-related failure to fulfill major role obligations
    Recurrent drug use in physically dangerous situations
    Drug-related legal problems
    Continued drug use despite social or interpersonal problems
  • 7. 7
    Alcohol Dependence
  • 8. 8
    Alcohol Dependence
    The Personal Cost of Alcohol Problems:
    Immediate effects of alcohol
    Long-term effects of alcohol abuse
  • 9. 9
    Alcohol Dependence
    Groups at Risk for Alcohol Abuse and Dependence:
    Gender
    Race, ethnicity, and religion
    Age
  • 10. 10
    Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
    Medical Detoxification:
    Getting alcohol out of the person’s system and seeing him or her through the withdrawal symptoms
  • 11. 11
    Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
    Multimodal treatments
    Support groups: Alcoholics Anonymous
    Outpatient and brief treatments
    Motivational interviewing
    Relapse prevention
    Matching
  • 12. 12
    Nicotine Dependence
  • 13. 13
    Nicotine Dependence
    The Antismoking Movement
    Legal Remedies
    Learning or Addiction?
    Treatment
  • 14. 14
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
  • 15. 15
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Depressants:
    Opiates and Opioids:
    Induce relaxation and reverie
    Provide relief from anxiety and pain
    Opium, Morphine, Heroin, Methadone
  • 16. 16
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Depressants:
    Barbiturates:
    Powerful sedative drugs
    Alleviate tension and bring about relaxation and sleep
    Tranquilizers and Nonbarbiturate Sedatives:
    Used in treatment of anxiety disorders and stress-related physical disorders
  • 17. 17
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Stimulants:
    Amphetamines:
    A group of synthetic stimulants which reduce feelings of boredom or weariness
    Users find themselves alert, confident, full of energy, and generally ready to take on the world
  • 18. 18
    Cocaine
  • 19. 19
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Hallucinogens:
    LSD:
    Interfere with the processing of information in the nervous system, causing hallucinations
    PCP:
    Cheap, easily available, and often mixed with other substances
    Behavioral toxicity
  • 20. 20
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Marijuana and Hashish:
    Similar, but milder, effects as other hallucinogens
    Is Marijuana Dangerous?
    Marijuana as a Medical Treatment
  • 21. 21
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Psychodynamic Perspective:
    Drugs and conflict
    Acquiring self-care
    The Behavioral Perspective:
    Psychological and biochemical rewards
    Learning not to abuse drugs
  • 22. 22
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Family Systems Perspective:
    Behavioral couple therapy
    Family therapy
    The Cognitive Perspective:
    Thinking about drugs
    Cognitive-behavior therapy
  • 23. 23
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Neuroscience Perspective:
    Genetic studies
    Biochemical studies
    Endorphins
    Dopamine
    Drug treatment for drug dependence
  • 24. 24
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
    The Sociocultural Perspective:
    Drugs and poverty
    Harm reduction
  • 25. 25
    Recapping the Main Points
    Substance Dependence
    Substance Abuse
    Alcohol Dependence
    Nicotine Dependence
    Other Psychoactive Drugs
    Substance Dependence: Theory and Therapy
  • 26. 26
    End of Chapter 12
    The Nature of Substance Dependence and Abuse