PSY285 Chapter 11


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PSY285 Chapter 11

  1. 1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Chapter 11<br />Personality Disorders<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Odd/Eccentric Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic/Emotional Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful Personality Disorders<br />Groups at Risk<br />Personality Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Personality Disorders<br />Personality Disorder:<br />An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture<br />Pervasive and inflexible<br />Has an onset in adolescence or early childhood<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Personality Disorder Clusters<br />Odd/Eccentric<br />Dramatic/Emotional<br />Antisocial PD<br />Borderline PD<br />Histrionic PD<br />Narcissistic PD<br />Paranoid PD<br />Schizotypal PD<br />Schizoid PD<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Avoidant PD<br />Dependent PD<br />Obsessive-compulsive PD<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Odd/Eccentric Personality<br />Paranoid Personality Disorder:<br />Suspiciousness in almost all situations and with almost all people, usually for poor reasons<br />Involves an impairment in cognitive functioning<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Odd/Eccentric Personality<br />Schizotypal Personality Disorder:<br />Evidence of odd speech, behavior, thinking, and/or perception, but not odd enough for a diagnosis of schizophrenia<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Odd/Eccentric Personality<br />Schizoid Personality Disorder:<br />Severely restricted range of emotions that is most notably associated with social detachment<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Dramatic/Emotional Personality<br />Antisocial Personality Disorder<br />History of behavior problems in childhood<br />Lack of constancy and responsibility<br />in relationships, employment, debts<br />Irritability and aggressiveness<br />Reckless and impulsive behavior<br />Disregard for truth, law, social standards<br />Some serial killers have been diagnosed with Antisocial PD<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Dramatic/Emotional Personality<br />Borderline Personality Disorder:<br />Difficulties in establishing a secure self-identity<br />Distrust<br />Impulsive and self-destructive behavior<br />Difficulty in controlling anger and other emotions<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Dramatic/Emotional Personality<br />Histrionic Personality Disorder:<br />Self-dramatization: the exaggerated display of emotion<br />Narcissistic Personality Disorder:<br />A grandiose sense of self-importance, often combined with periodic feelings of inferiority<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Anxious/Fearful Personality<br />Avoidant Personality Disorder:<br />Presence of social withdrawal based on fear of rejection<br />Dependent Personality Disorder:<br />Dependence on others based on a fear of abandonment<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Anxious/Fearful Personality<br />Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder:<br />Excessive preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control<br />Should not be confused with obsessive-compulsive disorder<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Anxious/Fearful Personality<br />Groups at Risk:<br />Comorbidity<br />Gender bias<br />Cultural bias<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Anxious/Fearful Personality<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Personality Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />Character disorders - disturbances in the parent-child relationship<br />The Behavioral Perspective:<br />Skills acquisition, modeling, and reinforcement<br />New learning<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />Personality Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Faulty schemas<br />Altering schemas<br />The Sociocultural Perspective<br />Sociocultural influence<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />Personality Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />The Neuroscience Perspective:<br />Genes and personality<br />Drug treatment<br />Drugs and diagnosis<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Odd/Eccentric Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic/Emotional Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful Personality Disorders<br />Groups at Risk<br />Personality Disorders: Therapy and Therapy<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />End of Chapter 11<br />Personality Disorders<br />