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Chapter 1

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  • 1. 1
    A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for
    Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e
    Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.
    John H. Riskind, Ph.D.
    Margaret B. Manos
    Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
    McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • 2. 2
    Chapter 1
    Abnormal Behavior:
    Historical Perspectives
  • 3. 3
    Chapter Main Points
    Abnormal Behavior and Society
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    Abnormal Behavior: A Multiperspective Approach
  • 4. 4
    Abnormal Behavior and Society
    Defining Abnormal Behavior:
    Norm violation
    Statistical rarity
    Personal discomfort
    Maladaptive behavior
  • 5. 5
    Abnormal Behavior and Society
  • 6. 6
    Relating Abnormal Behavior to Groups
  • 7. 7
    Explaining Abnormal Behavior
    The Medical Model:
    biogenic causes of abnormal behavior
    symptom, syndrome, pathology, disease, mental illness, patient, diagnosis, therapy, treatment
  • 8. 8
    Explaining Abnormal Behavior
    Psychological Approaches:
    Psychodynamic perspective
    Behavioral perspective
    Cognitive perspective
    Family systems perspective
    Sociocultural perspective
    Biological perspective
  • 9. 9
    Treating Abnormal Behavior
    Multimodal Treatments:
    Combining of two or more kinds of therapy
  • 10. 10
    Conception of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    Ancient Societies: deviance and the supernatural
    exorcism
    The Greeks and the rise of science
    humors
  • 11. 11
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    The Middle Ages and the Renaissance:
    Medieval theory and treatment
    The witch hunts
    Renaissance theory and treatment
  • 12. 12
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    The Eighteenth Century and After
    The Asylum:
    The early asylums
    The reform of asylums
    The reform movement in America
  • 13. 13
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    The Eighteenth Century and after:
    The Asylum:
    Hospitalization and the decline of moral therapy
    Psychosurgery
    Prefrontal Lobotomy
    The exodus from hospitals
    deinstitutionalization
    community mental health centers
  • 14. 14
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    The Foundation of Modern Abnormal Psychology:
    The experimental study of abnormal psychology
    Psychopathology
    Emil Kraepelin and Biogenic Theory
    Concept of the “syndrome”
  • 15. 15
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    The Foundation of Modern Abnormal Psychology:
    Anton Franz Mesmer and hypnosis
    The Nancy school
    Breuer and Freud
    Psychoanalysis
    Free Association
  • 16. 16
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    Non-Western Approaches to Abnormal Behavior:
    Africa
    Asia
  • 17. 17
    A Multiperspective Approach
    Human behavior can be studied scientifically
    Abnormal behavior is the product of both psychological and biological processes
    Each human being is unique
  • 18. 18
    Recapping the Main Points
    Abnormal Behavior and Society
    Preventing Abnormal Behavior
    Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior: A Short History
    Abnormal Behavior: A Multiperspective Approach
  • 19. 19
    End of Chapter 1
    Abnormal Behavior:
    Historical Perspectives