What’s the point of P.P.P? ‘... different parts of the language are taught separately and step-by-step so that acquisition is a process of all the parts until the whole of the language has been built up’ (Wilkins, 1976)
What’s the point? ‘End in mind’ – What are the goals in teaching or learning a language? Introduce / revise target language Use language in a meaningful way Communicate in a meaningful way How can this be achieved through the PPP structure? Present Practice Produce
Role of teacher / student in learning process This is the most teacher-orientated stage of the process as it is the introduction to a lesson Present Practice Produce Student independence increases The teacher still directs but the classroom is beginning to become more learner-centered. The learners have started to become independent users of the language. The teacher’s role here is to facilitate.
Students familiarising themselves with new vocabulary, grammatical structures and sounds Teacher guiding students Error correction / peer correction / self correction Repetition Teacher guided pair work / group work
Practice Controlled practice Suits weaker students/mixed ability classes Teacher can cross-check comprehension Examples – gapfills, mcqs, true/false questions Free practice Suits stronger students Prepares students for autonomous production Examples – pair work/ group work, students’ own answers
Produce 2 significant changes in how the learner is now using language Focus has shifted from form to meaning (learners are effectively communicating) Productive skills (writing and speaking) play a bigger role
Present Lead In (introduce the topic) Language in context (Reading or listening) Language Focus Practice Controlled practice (scaffolding) and some freer practice Produce Free practice, such as doing a role-play
Advantages of PPP structure Makes life easier for the teacher language presented in context Integrates all the skills into lesson Flexible presentation stages Traditionally students like Controlled Practice Scaffolding build confidence Various learning style catered for In 2 and 3 phases teacher has space to deal with mixed ability learners Helps leads learners towards autonomy