How to get the right writing results Shaun Wilden January 2010
You need a pen and paper: In approximately 120 words, outline how you spent your Christmas holiday. You have 10 minutes.
Is the task a bit like this? Taken from ‘Teaching Writing skills by Bryne (Longman)
What do we write? In one minute list of all the things you have written this week. Compare with a partner, are your lists similar? How many of the things did you write in a language other than English? Between you choose 3 - 4 different things you have written and decide who the reader of each writing is and what the purpose of the writing is.
Personal Writing Public Writing Creative Writing Institutional Academic Writing Social Writing From ‘writing’ by Hedge
Is this writing? This was genuinely submitted as homework: My smmr hols wr CWOT. B4, we used 2go2 NY 2C my bro, his GF & thr 3 :-o kids FTF. ILNY, it’s a gr8 plc My summer holidays were a complete waste of time. Before we used to go New York to see my brother, his girlfriend and their three screaming kids face to face. I love New York it’s a great place.
oneself public depends if it’s published friend/family oneself boss/superior What? E.g. Reader? Effect? Personal Diary Public Newspaper article Creative Story / Poem Social Letter to friend Study Notes Institutional Report to boss
It doesn’t reflect how students would write in real life
It lacks the ‘reader and purpose’ elements
It’s time-consuming, lessons should be more than sitting and writing.
Students lack imagination.
- They write at different speeds.
- They don’t often need to write in English.
- Students make many errors, can’t spell and so on.
- It takes too much effort.
oneself public depends if it’s published friend/family oneself boss/superior Consider : Content Length Style Organisation Register Complexity / Range Newspaper article Story Letter to friend Report What? E.g. Reader? Effect? Personal Diary Public Newspaper article Creative Story / Poem Social Letter to friend Study Notes Institutional Report to boss
How many different ‘genres’ are possible in the FCE writing paper? Seven: An article (for a magazine or newspaper) An email (in response to a situation) An essay (discursive or argument) A letter (similar to email) A report (usually to a superior) A short story (for a magazine or newspaper) (based on http://www.cambridgeesol.org/exams/general-english/fce.html)
Overview With its striking design, up-to-date material, and interactive multi-media support for students and teachers, FCE Result is an accessible course and a complete preparation resource. It belongs to the Exams Result series along with CAE Result . Key features Vibrant design with high-impact visuals keeps students motivated Integrated dictionary skills work builds new skills . Workbook Resource Pack MultiROM provides access to two online practice tests at oxfordenglishtesting.com Teacher's Pack includes Assessment Booklet with DVD and a Using Dictionaries booklet
You have received an email from your English-speaking friend, who is planning to visit you next month. Read her email and the notes you have made. Then reply in an email in 120 -150 words FCE Result page 79 by Falla and Davies – OUP
Content - depends on the question but content is determined by what is requested Length determined by the question. Stick to the word limit! (120 -150 / 120 – 180) For an email…. Consider : Style: ? Organisation: ? Register: ? Complexity / Range: ? Style – It is a friend so more informal so contractions, short sentences etc Organisation - 3 or 4 paragraphs. What goes in each paragraph? Register - language of directions, places to visit (language to describe them), Complexity / Range - Use of synonyms, lexical cohesion, language for suggestions and recommendations etc
Motivate students to write Generating ideas Organising and ordering ideas Make a first draft / write the letter Consider the layout, language etc and if necessary practice Based on Hedge / Lindsay and Knight Edit content, language and spelling