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  • 1. Facts from the CPSC Nearly 650 hundred children under 5 years old drown in swimming pools every year. Hospital emergency room treatment is required for more than 3,100 children under 5 years old who were submerged in residential pools. US –Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • 2. Facts from the CPSC • Drowning is the number one cause of accidental death for children under the age of 6 in Florida, California, Arizona and Oregon
  • 3. Facts from the CPSC • Individuals in the 5-9 year-old category had the highest frequency of entrapment reports
  • 4. However… • Many adults have died after getting trapped at uncovered pool drains • Several entrapments are not being reported to the CSPC
  • 5. Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act • Law enacted by Congress and signed by President Bush on December 19, 2007, to prevent the hidden hazard of drain entrapments and eviscerations in pools and spas. • The law became effective on December 19, 2008.
  • 6. Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act • Law applies only to Public Pools. • Why not to residential pools? 80% of the children drownings occur at residential pools!!
  • 7. Pool Hazards •Drain Entrapment •Unsupervised kids drownings •Slippery surfaces
  • 8. Drain Entrapment • Single main drain systems and flat drain grates pose the greater risk at pools • Chemical degradation of covers and other parts.
  • 9. Types of Entrapment • Hair Entrapment
  • 10. • Limb Entrapment
  • 11. • Body Entrapment
  • 12. • Disembowelment Evisceration
  • 13. Pump suction force demonstration
  • 14. Our neighbor, 5 year old Miguel Marin, survived after being trapped at an in-ground spa for about 5 minutes under water
  • 15. Unfortunately many others have not been that lucky 14 year old – British Boy died at 7 year old Virginia Graeme Thailand Baker Secretary of State Water Park Bakers' granddaughter
  • 16. Are Kids Out of Sight? They Shouldn’t Be! • Children must be supervised and within your sight AT ALL TIMES while in the pool. • A telephone must be available in the pool area to call 911, in case of any emergency
  • 17. Entrapments can be prevented • US Consumer Product Safety Commission recommend pool owners to have many layers of protection to prevent drownings
  • 18. Layers of Protection 1. Swimming Classes
  • 19. Layers of Protection 1. 0 2. Education and awareness about entrapment danger at any public or residential pool
  • 20. Layers of Protection 3. Goggles and Floating Devices
  • 21. Layers of Protection 4. Barriers, fences
  • 22. Layers of Protection 5. Pool Alarms, Window Alarms
  • 23. Layers of Protection 6. Certified Drain Covers
  • 24. Layers of Protection 7. Safety Vacuum Release Systems SVRS
  • 25. A pool evaluation by an expert Can give you peace of mind
  • 26. Layers of Protection • Swimming Lessons • Education and danger awareness • Goggles and Floating devices • Pool barriers, fences. • Pool alarms and Window Alarms • Certified Drain Covers • Safety Vacuum Release System