Sociolinguistic Presentation

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Sociolinguistic Presentation

  1. 1. Pidgin and Creole<br />Tatiana Avila<br />Sandra Cabrera<br />Magdalena Mendez<br />Thomas Youman<br />
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  3. 3. Etymology<br />Theorigin of Pidgin isuncertain. There are 3 possiblesourcesfromwhichitmayhaveappeared.<br /> A Chinese mispronunciation of the English word business洋涇濱.<br />English pigeon, a bird sometimes used for carrying brief written messages, especially in times prior to modern telecommunications.<br />From Hebrew pidjom meaning “trade or exchange”<br />
  4. 4. Pidgin definition<br />Simplified language made up of parts of two or more languages, used as a communication tool between speakers whose native languages are different.<br />
  5. 5. Types of pidgins<br />Caribbean:result of colonialism.<br />HaitianKreyol<br />Jamaican Patois<br />Papiamento <br />Pacific: Melanesianpidgins mayhaveoriginated off their home islands, in the 19th centurywhentheislanderswereabductedforindenturedlabour. <br />Hawaiian<br />Pitcairnese<br />
  6. 6. Sabir: common pidgin in theSouthwesternports of theMediterranean<br />
  7. 7. Reasonwhy Pidgins develop<br />In the 19th Century, Africanslaveswerebroughtto North Americatoworkonplantationsand mixedwithothercommunities, so theycoudn’tcommunicate.<br />Tocommunicatewithpeers and bossestheyformed a language in whichtheycouldcommunicate<br />Pidgins alsoarosebecause of colonialization. <br />
  8. 8. On sea-coasts in multilingualcontexts, pidgins develop as language of trade.<br />Thereisalways a dominantlanguagewichcontributesmosttothevocabulary of pidgin; itiscalledthesuperstratelanguage. Theminoritylanguageorlanguages are calledsubstratelanguage(s). <br />
  9. 9. PIDGIN CHARACTERISTICS<br />Itisused in restricteddomains and functions<br />It has simplifiedstructuredcomparedtothesourcelanguages<br />Itgenerally has lowprestige, and attractsnegativeattitudes – especiallyfrom outsiders. <br />

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