Sociolinguistic Presentation
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Sociolinguistic Presentation Sociolinguistic Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Pidgin and Creole
    Tatiana Avila
    Sandra Cabrera
    Magdalena Mendez
    Thomas Youman
  • Etymology
    Theorigin of Pidgin isuncertain. There are 3 possiblesourcesfromwhichitmayhaveappeared.
    A Chinese mispronunciation of the English word business洋涇濱.
    English pigeon, a bird sometimes used for carrying brief written messages, especially in times prior to modern telecommunications.
    From Hebrew pidjom meaning “trade or exchange”
    View slide
  • Pidgin definition
    Simplified language made up of parts of two or more languages, used as a communication tool between speakers whose native languages are different.
    View slide
  • Types of pidgins
    Caribbean:result of colonialism.
    HaitianKreyol
    Jamaican Patois
    Papiamento
    Pacific: Melanesianpidgins mayhaveoriginated off their home islands, in the 19th centurywhentheislanderswereabductedforindenturedlabour.
    Hawaiian
    Pitcairnese
  • Sabir: common pidgin in theSouthwesternports of theMediterranean
  • Reasonwhy Pidgins develop
    In the 19th Century, Africanslaveswerebroughtto North Americatoworkonplantationsand mixedwithothercommunities, so theycoudn’tcommunicate.
    Tocommunicatewithpeers and bossestheyformed a language in whichtheycouldcommunicate
    Pidgins alsoarosebecause of colonialization.
  • On sea-coasts in multilingualcontexts, pidgins develop as language of trade.
    Thereisalways a dominantlanguagewichcontributesmosttothevocabulary of pidgin; itiscalledthesuperstratelanguage. Theminoritylanguageorlanguages are calledsubstratelanguage(s).
  • PIDGIN CHARACTERISTICS
    Itisused in restricteddomains and functions
    It has simplifiedstructuredcomparedtothesourcelanguages
    Itgenerally has lowprestige, and attractsnegativeattitudes – especiallyfrom outsiders.