Pidgin and Creole Tatiana Avila Sandra Cabrera Magdalena Mendez Thomas Youman
Etymology Theorigin of Pidgin isuncertain. There are 3 possiblesourcesfromwhichitmayhaveappeared. A Chinese mispronunciation of the English word business洋涇濱. English pigeon, a bird sometimes used for carrying brief written messages, especially in times prior to modern telecommunications. From Hebrew pidjom meaning “trade or exchange” View slide
Pidgin definition Simplified language made up of parts of two or more languages, used as a communication tool between speakers whose native languages are different. View slide
Types of pidgins Caribbean:result of colonialism. HaitianKreyol Jamaican Patois Papiamento Pacific: Melanesianpidgins mayhaveoriginated off their home islands, in the 19th centurywhentheislanderswereabductedforindenturedlabour. Hawaiian Pitcairnese
Sabir: common pidgin in theSouthwesternports of theMediterranean
Reasonwhy Pidgins develop In the 19th Century, Africanslaveswerebroughtto North Americatoworkonplantationsand mixedwithothercommunities, so theycoudn’tcommunicate. Tocommunicatewithpeers and bossestheyformed a language in whichtheycouldcommunicate Pidgins alsoarosebecause of colonialization.
On sea-coasts in multilingualcontexts, pidgins develop as language of trade. Thereisalways a dominantlanguagewichcontributesmosttothevocabulary of pidgin; itiscalledthesuperstratelanguage. Theminoritylanguageorlanguages are calledsubstratelanguage(s).
PIDGIN CHARACTERISTICS Itisused in restricteddomains and functions It has simplifiedstructuredcomparedtothesourcelanguages Itgenerally has lowprestige, and attractsnegativeattitudes – especiallyfrom outsiders.