Why did we choose this subject?
Because the role of the leader is increasing these days and it is important to
have a deep understanding about the basic principles and skills. Plus, there
is a misconception between the leadership, management and authority.
By reading this search you will be able to:
-Define the leader
-describe the skills that make a good leader.
describe some common mistakes leaders do
-discuss factors affecting leadership
-distinguish between leader and managers
-discuss overlapping needs
-describe leaders' importance in hospitals.
Done by, Definition of leader
Shatha jamal Al- What makes a good leader?
Mushait Leaders mistakes
Noura Al- Enezi Factors of leadership
Eidah Al-Ashammari Leaders vs. managers
Alaa Al-Angari Overlapping needs
Leaders in hospitals
Definition of leader
Leader is the person in the group who has
combination of personality and skills that
makes others want to follow his or her
Someone who has followers.
What makes a good leader ?
Leaders face the challenge of being part of a group while Simultaneously
leading it. This is hard to do and requires a mix of skill, hard work,
initiative, and discretion. Following are some tips that make a good
Confidence and Humility
if one isn’t confident, then action will not occur. Without action, there is
no change. Yet, paradoxically, a leader needs to have humility. No matter
how creative and bright one is, often the best ideas and thinking are going
to come from someone else. A leader needs to be able to identify that, have
good people around who have these ideas. This takes humility, or at least
lack of egocentricity. The leader is focused on the ends and doesn’t have to
see herself always as the creator of the strategy to get to that end.
" Leadership is not about ability .It's about taking
responsibility, exceeding expectation & taking charge"
Committed and dedicated hard working leaders will eventually develop
dedicated and hard working organizations regardless of who they start with
or the experience they bring to the job.
The leader have two purposes for listening: to connect with people and to
learn from them.
The effective leaders are attentive listeners who pay attention to what is
being said, concentrate on the ideas and issues their followers raise, and
take appropriate actions that demonstrate their understanding and concern.
Their open door policies are truly ―open door‖, not just a
fancy catch-phrase used for self-promotion. Anyone with
a genuine concern or valuable contribution is welcomed
and encouraged to share it. Great leaders also listen to
their customers and do what is needed to meet and exceed
Someone who can see what needs to be done and help the team plan and
organize the getting it done. Management is getting things done through
people. While a writer or other visionary person may be very influential,
even seminal for the cause of change, this is not the quite definition of a
leader. A leader means, someone who is taking action, trying to get others
.to do something they want to see done.
" Before we can lead others, we must first
learn to lead ourselves "
Appreciation and Fair
It is said that the greatest human need is the need to be appreciated.
Leaders thank constantly, reward excellence, productivity, loyalty, and
ethical conduct. Great leaders do not allow problem employees to
accumulate in their team and disrupt other. They admonish the lazy,
irresponsible. They understand that every minute spent on a bad employee
who refuses to improve is a minute stolen from the good employees that
deserve the leader’s full attention and support.
Controlling Group Performance
A group needs control as an engine needs a throttle— to keep it from
running itself into the ground. A group works together best when
everybody is headed in the same direction. If a plan is to be properly
carried out, someone must lead the effort. Control is a function that the
group assigns to the leader to get the job done. Control happens as a result
of recognizing the difference between where the group is and where the
group is going.
Good communicators can take a complex message and simplify it for
everyone to understand. People need to connect to you, and along with
charisma, communication is the most powerful weapon a leader can have.
A Good leaders know what they want. They don’t wait for others to act. A
Good leaders push themselves to act and find their own motivation. A
Good leaders take more risks. They know the biggest risk of all is inaction.
A Good leaders make more mistakes. They fail forward. A leader
should understand the needs and characteristics of each
participant of the group. This helps the leader to deal with each
person as an individual, to treat that individual with respect, and to help
the person grow.
Communicate through meetings, notes, e-mail, or with any means
necessary to get the point or message across.
It is the most important quality a leader must posses. Integrity alone will
not make an effective leader, but a leader without integrity will be
detrimental to the success of any organization. Integrity is necessary to
build trusting relationships.
" Don't tell people how to do things, tell them what
to do and let them surprise you with their results "
What else ?
* Should be on time; always start meetings on time and finish them on
* look for leadership in others; continually inspire and motivate their
groups to dream, to be creative, and constantly improve.
* Learn how to like people
* Be exciting and enthusiastic
* Cultivate a sense of humor
Mistakes leaders make
You want to be an effective leader? Don't make these mistakes!
Leadership is an art form. Even though some people are "born" leaders it
is an attribute that can be learned. However, to be a truly effective leader
sometimes it is more important to know what not to do than what to do.
Some of the common mistakes include:
1. Not knowing what others think about you and your management
Mutual respect is one of the most important aspects of leadership. Ask for
feedback on a consistent basis from your direct reports, peers, and
2. Zealously guarding your own turf.
Many leaders believe they have to be ―one up‖ on others in order to protect
their positions and territory. Instead, look at the big picture and what’s in
the best interests of the company rather than your own individual interests.
3. Sitting and waiting for “the big plan” to be handed to you.
An effective leader will seize the moment and take the initiative to create
his own ―big plan‖ based on his long-term goals and outcomes. And he
will ensure the plans aligns with the company’s.
" Good leaders must first become good
4. Being glued to your chair.
With the development of e-mail, the Internet and wireless phone
technology, many leaders make the mistake of spending too much time in
the office rather than interfacing with their team.
Leaders need to structure their daily tasks as well
as devoting time to talk with their employees.
5. Unwilling to Lead By Example
"Do as I say not as I do." That statement is no longer good enough. To be a
great leader you must be willing to get your hands dirty and show your
people how it's done when the circumstances warrant it
6. Forgetting to pay attention to the bigger, global climate in which
your company operates.
It’s important to stay on top of technology trends, competition, and general
market trends. The more aware you are of what’s going on in the world,
the more you will be able to contribute to your company’s long-term goals.
Factors of leadership
There are four major factors in leadership:
Different people require different styles of leadership. For example, a new
hire requires more supervision than an experienced employee. A person
who lacks motivation requires a different approach than one with a high
degree of motivation. You must know your people! The fundamental
starting point is having a good understanding of human nature, such as
needs, emotions, and motivation.
. You must have an honest understanding of who you are, what you know,
and what you can do. Also, note that it is the followers, not the leader who
determines if a leader is successful. If they do not trust or lack confidence
in their leader, then they will be uninspired.
" "The first responsibility of a leader is to define
reality. The last is to say thank you"
"The first responsibility of a leader is to define
reality. The last is to say thank you. In between,
3-communication: is a servant."
You lead through two-way communication. Much of it is nonverbal. For
instance, when you "set the example," that communicates to your people
"The first responsibility of a leader is to define
reality. The last is to say thank you. In between, 7
the leader is a servant."
that you would not ask them to perform anything that you would not be
willing to do. What and how you communicate either
builds or harms the
relationship between you and your employees.
All are different. What you do in one situation will not
always work in another. You must use your judgment to decide the best
course of action and the leadership style needed for each situation. For
example, you may need to confront an employee for inappropriate
behavior, but if the confrontation is too late or too early, too harsh or too
weak, then the results may prove ineffective.
Various forces will affect these factors. Examples of forces are your
relationship with your seniors, the skill of your people, the informal
leaders within your organization, and how your company is organized.
If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn
more, do more and become more, you are a leader"
Leaders vs. managers
―you manage things; you lead people.‖ – Grace Murray Hopper
As Hopper indicates, leadership and management are two different things.
We need to train our team leaders to be leaders as well as managers.
Focus on things Focus on people
Do things right Do the right things
Follow the rules Shape entities
* The highlighted activities are common (leaders & managers)
leadership - overlapping needs
The basic principle of leadership can be summed up as a balancing act of
Task needs – Enable the group to achieve the task
Team needs – Build and maintain the team
Individual needs – Develop the individual
For a leader, it is important to focus the right amount on each of these
A micro-manager is focusing too much one area and reigning as tight
control as possible over the team’s tasks. By doing this, they are not
paying enough attention to the team or the individuals. They need to learn
to let go of detailed control to gain overall control of the team.
Don’t throw our poor team leaders in at the deep end – get them support,
get them training and let them lead their team to greatness!
In the radiology department, workers may face some problems
along their day. The nature of the problem can be:
- People (workers, patients and their relatives)
The leader in such situations imparts a sense of personal
power, self direction. He/she provides greater understanding and control
During long work times in hospitals, he/she will be there when needed to
inspire and encourage the team. The good leader can bring his/her team all
together which affect the quality of work in the department.
"People don't care how much you know until they
know how much you care."