Understanding the WindowsDesktop Components of the Desktop ICON DESKTOP MOUSE POINTER MY COMPUTER ICON MY DOCUMENT ICON RECYCLE BIN START BUTTON START MENU TASKBAR CLOCK
ICON pictures that represented programs, files, folders etc.
DESKTOP this area takes up the entire background of the screen. it is a box on your screen that contains items such as icons, files or folders.
MY DOCUMENTS Windows makes it easy for you by giving you your own personal folder, called My Documents. This special folder will contain everything you create in Windows. All the documents, graphics, worksheets and other files will be saved somewhere in this folder. Clicking the icon opens a folder that’s the holding place for everything you do.
MOUSE POINTER (usually an arrow) is used to select items and choose command. Using the Mouse You can use the mouse quickly to select any object on-screen, such as an icon or a window. There are two process involve: POINTING and CLICKING
MY COMPUTER ICON it gives you access to a window in which you can browse through the contents of your computer or find out information about the disk drive, control panel & printers that you have on your computer.
RECYCLE BIN TheRecycle bin is a holding bin for the items that the user deleted. You can go back and take the things out of the recycle bin, should you change of heart in deleting something. Serves as your electronic trash can
START BUTTON Itis located on the lower left corner of your screen. By clicking the Start Button it will display the start menu, which contains a list of commands that enable you to work quickly and easily.
START MENU The start menu is attached to the Start Button, which you’ll most likely to find in the lower-left corner of the screen. the start menu, To see click the start button with your mouse. You can also use the Ctrl+Esc combination to pop up the start menu.
Menu Item What It Does Programs – Displays the submenu of programs. Documents – Displays a submenu of recent documents you’ve open. Settings - Displays a submenu for quick access to the Windows tools. Search - List commands that help you find files, folders and programs on disk.
Menu Item What It Does Help - Begins the windows main help system. Run - Opens a dialog box where you can type the name of a command to run. Shut Down - Offers several options for quitting Windows.
TASKBAR TheTaskbar is located at the bottom of the screen. You can use the taskbar to quickly launch programs and switch to a different documents or tasks that you have open.
CLOCK Itis located on the lower right corner of the taskbar that shows the current time.
THE CONTROL PANEL Thecontrol panel is used to control the appearance and the behavior of Windows and the various hardware in your personal computer. The control panel contains icons that do a variety of things including changing the way your desktop looks and setting the options for various devices in your computer.
ACCESSING THE CONTROL PANEL 1. Click the start menu button 2. Choose Settings 3. Click on Control Panel 1. Double-click on My Computer 2. Double-click on the Control Panel Icon
MY NETWORK PLACES The My Network Places icon lets you peek at the computer at the network. The icon is there whether or not your PC is connected to a network.
INTERNET EXPLORER Web browser, which is your gateway to the internet. This is a program that Microsoft adds to the desktop for easy access.
WORKING WITH A WINDOW What is a Window? Itis a rectangular area on your screen in which you view program folders, files or icons.
CONTENTS OF A WINDOW Control Menu Icon Title Bar Minimize button Restore button Close button Status bar Menu bar Scroll bars
CONTENTS OF A WINDOW Control Menu Icon - it contains the control menu commands such as resize, move, maximize, close and split the active window. Title bar - it displays the name of the program and/ or document currently open. Minimize Button - reduce the size of the active window
CONTENTS OF A WINDOW Maximize button - It increases the size of the active window Restore button - It is used to return a window to the size it was before. Close button - Exits the current window
CONTENTS OF A WINDOW Status Bar - registers the number of object on the window that is currently open. Menu Bar - Displays the menus available for the program/ window you are currently working Scroll Bars - it allows you to shift information that is displayed in the active window to the left, right, up and down.
STARTING A NEW PROGRAM 1. Click the start button 2. Choose Programs 3. Find the program that you want 4. Click your program
SIZING A WINDOW BORDER Minimize – reduce the window to a button on the taskbar Maximize- to enlarge the window to its maximum size Restore- to return a window to the size it was before it was maximized.
SIZING A WINDOW BORDER Vertical Doubled-Headed Arrows – resize the window’s height. Horizontal Doubled-Headed Arrows – resize the window’s width. Diagonal Doubled-Headed Arrows – resize the window’s height & width proportionally.
CLOSING A WINDOW Clickthe control menu icon, choose close. Choose the Close command to close the window. QUICKIE CLOSE Click on the close button or press ALT+F4.
Dialog boxes It is a rectangular window which varies in size and usually appears in the center of the screen. Windows uses dialog boxes to exchange information with you (users)
COMPONENTS OF DIALOG BOX 1. Text box 2. List box 3. Drop-down list box 4. Option button 5. Check box 6. Tabbed Pages
Text box Provides with a place to type an entry such as a name for a file you want; to save or a path you wants to use to find a specific file. Ex. Saving file – filename
List Box Presents a list of possible choices which you can choose. Scroll bars often accompany a list box so that you can scroll through the list Ex. Slide transition - slide show
Drop-down list box This box is a single-line list box with a down arrow button to the right of it. When you click on the arrow, the drop down list box opens to displays a list of choices. Ex. Font style & sizes
Option Button Presents a group of related choices from which you can choose only one. Simply click on the option button you want to select, and all others become deselected. Ex. Printing Documents
Check Boxes Present a single option or group of related options. A check mark appears in the box next to an option to indicate that this is active. Ex. Inserting Slide number
Tabbed Pages Represented multiple sections of a dialog box. One tab is displayed at a time, and each tab contains related options. Choosing a tab changes the options that appear in the dialog box. Ex. Viewing header & footer
ARRANGING WINDOWS Cascade – lays all open windows on top of each other Tile – if you need all open windows at the same time. Tile horizontally Tile vertically
Moving between applications Press ALT+TAB to switch to a different application, the icons and application name of all windows appear in one dialog box.