A presentation on north america


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A presentation on north america

  1. 1. By : D.Jayanth Kumar(105) D.V.Shasank(154) I.Krishna Prasad(115) K.Phani Sai Chaitanya(119) Satish Kumar Singh(145) T.V.S Aditya Murty(152) V.Vinod Kumar Reddy(159)
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Located in the Northern Hemisphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Bordered by the Arctic Ocean on the north, Atlantic on the east and Pacific on the west. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the third largest continent in area. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the fourth most populated continent in the world, with a population of 529 million. </li></ul><ul><li>The continent has four great Geographical Regions. </li></ul><ul><li>The continent has four climatic regions- Topical, Mild, Humid and Arctic. </li></ul><ul><li>The languages prevalent are English, Spanish and French. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Profile of the Region Canada United States Mexico Population 33,749,000 307,167,000 111,211,789 Language English, French English, French Spanish, Mexico GDP Per Capita $ 34,444 $ 41557 $ 10090 Currency Canadian Dollar US Dollar Mexican Peso Government Democratic Democratic Democratic Political Parties Conservative Party, Liberal Party, New Democratic Party Democratic Party, Republican Party Institutional Revolution Party, Party of Democratic Revolution, National Action Party Ethnic Groups British(33%), French(16%), Aboriginal(4%), SEA(9%), Others(6%) White Pop(74%), Latin Pop(14%), African(13.4%), Asian(4.4%)
  4. 4. Oceans, Seas, Straits <ul><li>The Arctic Ocean on the north. </li></ul><ul><li>The Atlantic Ocean on the east. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pacific Ocean on the west. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bering Sea on the west. </li></ul><ul><li>The Labrador Sea on the north-east. </li></ul><ul><li>The Caribbean Sea on the south. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bering Strait. </li></ul><ul><li>The Davis Strait. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gulf of Alaska. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gulf of Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The Baffin Bay </li></ul><ul><li>The Hudson Bay. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Geopolitical Issues <ul><li>The Arctic Geopolitics: </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes over Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes over melting of ice </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes over increasing natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>The Impact of Demographic Changes: </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Personal Incomes </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Labour shortages </li></ul><ul><li>The Free-Trade Issue: </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of the free-trade area of the Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Water Geopolitics: </li></ul><ul><li>Major water problems in the United States. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fresh Water Resources <ul><li>Canada: </li></ul><ul><li>Water-Rich Nation. </li></ul><ul><li>30% of Canadians depend on ground water. </li></ul><ul><li>Major fresh water lakes are Great Bear, Slave Lake, Athabasca, Reindeer and Winnipeg Lake. </li></ul><ul><li>United States: </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Superior- Largest lake in the United States, with a volume of 12100 cubic metres. </li></ul><ul><li>Erie, Huron, Michigan, Lake Ontario, Lake Superior, are major sources of fresh water. </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico: </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Chapala and Laguna Bacala are the major sources of fresh water. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Geostrategic Importance <ul><li>Controls North Atlantic and North Pacific waters. </li></ul><ul><li>Panama Canal. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is the 2 nd largest, and United States is the 4 th largest in area. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trade Relations <ul><li>United States: </li></ul><ul><li>India- 24 th in exports and 18 th in imports. </li></ul><ul><li>The “India-US Economic Dialogue” </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Growing middle and higher income class makes India a potential market for US. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada: </li></ul><ul><li>CIDA in 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>India is Canada’s largest trading partner in South Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Financial crisis in the South East Asian countries also contributed to the focus on South Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada accounts to 1.2% of India’s total exports, and 0.9% of Imports. </li></ul><ul><li>The trade balance has been in India’s favour. </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico: </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade agreement with European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral trade has been growing remarkably. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a top destination for Indian exports. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Natural Resources: U.S.A Canada Mexico Agriculture 3% of GDP 2.1% of GDP, 2 nd largest wheat exporter. 9% of GDP and 24% of working population. Industry 29.2% of GDP Manufacturing accounts for 18% of GDP. 18% of GDP, 20% working population. Mining Coal, Iron ore , Nickel Mines, Quarries, Oil wells . Largest exporter of Zinc, Nickel, Uranium and Potassium. Leading producer of Silver, Celestine, Sodium Sulphate, Mercury. Energy State public utility commissions account for 80% of electricity sales. Undeveloped hydroelectric resources. Oil and gas account for 90% of primary energy requirements.
  10. 10. Bilateral Issues and Conflicts <ul><li>Bilateral definition and alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Major countries : Mexico, Canada, China, India. </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral Issues: Water and Employment Issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts: </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement of boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>West Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Starbucks Coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Tuna Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Tide lands </li></ul><ul><li>Colorado river </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>Strategic location </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Trade policies </li></ul><ul><li>Investments </li></ul><ul><li>Political role </li></ul>