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Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
Cell Organelles
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Cell Organelles

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  • 1. Objective: You will…. <ul><li>compare and contrast animal and plant cells in terms of their cellular structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize the functions of organelles found in animal and plant cells. </li></ul>
  • 2. Intro to Cell Vocabulary Fancy Names For Simple Things
  • 3. Cells <ul><li>Cells are the basic unit of all living things (organisms). </li></ul><ul><li>If it is alive it has cells! </li></ul>
  • 4. Two “Classes” of Cells <ul><li>There are 2 classes of cells. There are only two differences between Plant & Animal cells…try to spot them by the end of the show. </li></ul>Plant cells Animal Cells
  • 5. Cell Differentiation <ul><li>There are only 2 classes of cells (plant/animal), but there are many kinds of cells in each class. Each kind of cell has a DIFFERENT job to do…it specializes. </li></ul>I’m a heart cell! I’m a nerve cell! I’m a Prison Cell! 
  • 6. When you hear the new vocabulary…just think of a Turtle
  • 7. Cell Membrane <ul><li>The cell membrane holds the cell together and allows nutrients in the cell. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s just like a turtle’s skin. </li></ul><ul><li>The cell membrane is on the edge of a cell. </li></ul>
  • 8. Cytoplasm <ul><li>Cytoplasm is the watery gel (Jello!) inside a cell….it’s goop! It anchors the ORGANelles. </li></ul><ul><li>Cytoplasm is like the turtle’s blood and other liquids in which the organs bathe. </li></ul>
  • 9. Mitochondria <ul><li>Mitochondria is an ORGANelle that breaks down food to make energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Mitochondria is like a turtle’s stomach. </li></ul>
  • 10. Nucleus <ul><li>The nucleus controls the cell. </li></ul><ul><li>The nucleus is like the turtle’s brain. </li></ul>
  • 11. Nucleolus <ul><li>The nucleolus can be found inside the nucleus. </li></ul><ul><li>It makes ribosomes for the cell. </li></ul>
  • 12. Chromosomes (Chromatin) <ul><li>Chromosomes are inside the nucleus and are made of genes (DNA). </li></ul><ul><li>Genes decide the cells traits and activities (heart rate, eye color, tongue rolling). </li></ul>
  • 13. Nuclear Membrane <ul><li>The nuclear membrane allows substances to pass in and out of the nucleus. </li></ul><ul><li>It surrounds the nucleus (the brain) like the turtle’s skull…protects it. </li></ul>
  • 14. Endoplasmic reticulum <ul><li>The endoplasmic reticulum is the “highway” of the cell. </li></ul><ul><li>It moves substances throughout the cell like the blood vessels in a turtle move blood and nutrients throughout its body. </li></ul>Did someone say blood?
  • 15. Ribosomes <ul><li>The ribosomes make proteins for the cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of the turtles “ribs” which are covered with yummy protein-filled meat. </li></ul><ul><li>Ribosomes can be found on the R OUGH endoplasmic reticulum. </li></ul>Turtle soup?
  • 16. Golgi body or Golgi apparatus <ul><li>The golgi body is the “post office” for the cell. </li></ul><ul><li>It packages substances for movement out of the cell. </li></ul>
  • 17. Vacuoles <ul><li>Vacuoles are compartments in the cytoplasm where food and chemicals are stored. </li></ul><ul><li>In animal cells, lysosomes are vacuoles that break down substances for the cell. </li></ul>Just call me “ Count Vacula”!
  • 18. Cell Wall <ul><li>Cell Walls are only in plant cells. </li></ul><ul><li>They make the cell strong and rigid. </li></ul><ul><li>They are like a turtle’s shell (but only plants have them…that’s why grass stands straight up!) </li></ul>
  • 19. Plant vacuole <ul><li>The plant vacuole is also called the water vacuole because it stores water for the plant. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s like the turtle’s own private pool. </li></ul>
  • 20. Chloroplasts <ul><li>Chloroplasts are only in plant cells. </li></ul><ul><li>They contain chlorophyll, which is a pigment that captures sunlight so that food can be made. </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll is green in color…so any plant that is green has chloroplasts. </li></ul>I’m green…do I have chloroplasts?
  • 21. What’s the Difference? <ul><li>So what are THREE things that plant cells have that animal cells don’t? </li></ul>? Chloroplasts, Cell Walls & a Water Vacuole
  • 22. What would happen if animals had Chloroplasts?
  • 23. Congratulations <ul><li>You now know all the vocabulary for cells </li></ul>
  • 24. Compare and Contrast Plant and Animal Cells using a Venn Diagram
  • 25. Thanks to www.worldofteaching.com for providing me with the slides for this powerpoint. I added a few more slides and sound bites to enhance my teaching of the organelles.

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