Learning At Large Mlearn 2009

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A description of four significant mobile leanring projects, withlessons learned

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  • In Cambridgeshire's outputspecification for BSF, it's a requirement that users will be able tobring their own devices into school and connect them to the network.(First school to go live in 2011.)
  • Learning At Large Mlearn 2009

    1. 1. Learning at Large<br />Mike Sharples<br />Learning Sciences Research Institute<br />University of Nottingham<br />www.nottingham.ac.uk/lsri/msh<br />
    2. 2. Four mobile learning initiatives<br />MOBIlearn<br />Elmo<br />MyArtSpace<br />Djanogly City Academy<br />Lessons learned<br />
    3. 3. First phase of mobile learningHandheld in classrooms<br />Lecture response systems<br />since 1947<br />Handheld computers in classrooms<br />Since 1980s<br />E-books<br />since 1990<br />Data logging<br />Focus on handheld technology for formal education and training<br />
    4. 4. Second phase Learning across contexts<br />Personal learning organisers<br />Field trips<br />Museum visits<br />Bite sized learning<br />Professional updating<br />MOBIlearn and M-Learning European projects<br />Focus on the mobile learner<br />
    5. 5. Third phaseAmbient learning<br />Augmented reality learning<br />Learning enhanced physical spaces<br />Focus on a learning-enabled world<br />
    6. 6. Lab<br />Small scale<br />Large scale<br />Classroom<br />SceDer<br />Djanogly<br />City <br />Academy<br />Personal Inquiry<br />Interactive Logbook<br />MyArtSpace<br />Student<br />Learning<br />Organiser<br />Mobile<br />SMS for MSM<br />Elmo<br />MOBIlearn<br />Caerus<br />HandLeR<br />PaSAT<br />Ambient<br />Lab of<br />tomorrow<br />Augmenting<br />Field<br />Experience<br />
    7. 7. MOBIlearn (www.mobilearn.org)2002-2004<br />Funded by the European Commission<br />Aim: to develop services for mobile learning outside the classroom<br />Scenarios<br />Art gallery<br />First aid in workplace<br />Work-based MBA course<br />
    8. 8. Large scale project<br />24 partner organizations<br />€7.4 million funding ($10.8 million)<br />Open web service-based system<br />Content management<br />Context awareness<br />Collaboration<br />Mobile multimedia<br />Adaptive interface<br />OMAF systems architecture for MOBIlearn<br />
    9. 9. Context-sensitive learning<br />Location-based content and services<br />Ultrasound tracking system<br />Context awareness:<br />which painting?<br />how long?<br />have I been there before?<br />
    10. 10. MOBILearn: lessons learned<br />It’s the learner that’s mobile<br />Need for a flexible, modular, blended, system<br />How learning is interwoven with everyday life<br />Mobile learning can both complement and conflict with formal education<br />Context is constructed by learners through movement and interaction<br />Ethical issues: privacy, ownership<br />
    11. 11. Elmo – mobile language learning<br />Aim: to provide English vocabulary learning on mobile phones<br />Technology developed by Sharp Labs Europe<br />Oxford University Press Readers<br />Evaluation with Japanese high school students by University of Nottingham and University of Tokushima<br />
    12. 12. Large scale ambition<br />Children in Asian countries learning English<br />Practice at home and school<br />E-book plus adaptive vocabulary learning<br />E-book<br />Elmo adaptive system<br />
    13. 13. Results for adaptive handheld learning device<br />9.5<br />9<br />8.5<br />8<br />7.5<br />7<br />6.5<br />6<br />5.5<br />5<br />Pre<br />Post<br />Vocabulary score<br />
    14. 14. 9.5<br />9<br />8.5<br />8<br />Adaptive<br />7.5<br />7<br />Book<br />6.5<br />6<br />5.5<br />5<br />Pre<br />Post<br />Vocabulary score<br />Comparison with paper book<br />
    15. 15. 9.5<br />9<br />8.5<br />8<br />Adaptive<br />7.5<br />Ebook<br />7<br />Book<br />6.5<br />6<br />5.5<br />5<br />Pre<br />Post<br />Comparison with e-book<br />Vocabulary score<br />
    16. 16. Log data<br />
    17. 17. Interview data<br />“Made my eyes tired, so I recommend ‘paper book’”<br />“It is good to write down whatever I want on ‘paper book’”<br />“I do not want to bring another device with me other than my mobile phone to read novels”<br />“Many say that if a small and light device with a satisfactory English-Japanese dictionary, smooth scrolling, less charging is possible, then Adaptive Device would be best” (Teacher)<br />
    18. 18. Lessons learned<br />Design-based research<br />Know your users<br />Understand the context of use<br />Gulf between lab development and everyday use<br />
    19. 19. MyArtSpace<br />Aim: to connect learning in museums and classrooms<br />Enhance museums as sites for authentic inquiry learning<br />Learners as curators <br />Service on mobile phones and website for inquiry-led museum learning<br />
    20. 20. Prepare inquiry in the classroom<br />MyArtSpace<br />Create and collect in the museum<br />View and share in the classroom<br />Present a personal perspective<br />
    21. 21. Large scale evaluation<br />Over 100 school visits<br />by 3000 children in three museums<br />Thousands of images and sounds created by children in the museums and sent to personal websites<br />Year-long evaluation from initial design to final deployment<br />Observations, interviews, focus groups, surveys<br />
    22. 22. Summary of findings<br />The technology worked<br />Photos, information on exhibits, notes, automatic sending to website<br />Students spent longer (90 mins compared to 20 mins)<br />Supported inquiry learning<br />Encouraged children to make active choices <br />Connected school and museum<br />Need for more teacher preparation<br />Managing the amount of collected material back in the classroom <br />
    23. 23. Lessons learned<br />Keep it simple<br />Focus on the learning<br />Get the business model right<br />Who pays: Schools? Cultural venues? Visitors?<br />
    24. 24. OOKL<br />Commercial service from MyArtSpace<br />
    25. 25. New OOKL iPhone business model<br />Venues join free of charge, OOKL sells their content to iPhone users and on the web, shares 60% of revenues with the venues<br />Venues can digitise their collection with an iPhone running OOKL.  Log in as a curator, take picture, edit and publish.<br />
    26. 26. Djanogly City AcademyFirst ‘mobile learning school’<br />
    27. 27. “My favourite rich task is ‘The Seasons’ because you get to study music, drama and dance every day for a whole term and they are my favourite lessons”<br />Christopher Berry Year 9<br />Large scale embedding<br />Flexibility and mobility in the classroom and outside<br />Rich task curriculum<br />E.g. Exploring science and ethics<br />Breaking down the separate zones of teacher and pupil<br />Open (filtered) access to the Web<br />
    28. 28.
    29. 29. Test-bed for innovationSceDerJitti Niramitranon – PhD student, LSRI<br />
    30. 30. Classroom evaluation at Djanogly City Academy<br />
    31. 31. Lessons learned<br />Start from the learning process<br />Wireless is not a bottleneck<br />Power is a problem<br />Checks and balances<br />Three teams: ICT curriculum, Learning technologies, network services<br />All work together, to make sure that learning and the curriculum leads technical innovation<br />Equity of access<br />140 Toshiba netbooks for home use, with 3G mobile broadband<br />Joint funded by school, e-Learning foundation, parents<br />Contribution depends on what parents can afford<br />From $9 to $25 per month<br />Mobile learning can change lives!<br />
    32. 32. Thanks to<br />MOBIlearn<br />Peter Lonsdale, Julia Meek, Paul Rudman, Giasemi Vavoula <br />ELMO<br />Sharp Labs Europe: Phil Edmonds<br />University of Tokushima: Hiroaki Ogata, Noriko Uosaki<br />University of Nottingham: Tony Fisher, Richard Pemberton<br />Teacher and students<br />MyArtSpace<br />TheSEA<br />Giasemi Vavoula, Peter Lonsdale, Julia Meek, Paul Rudman<br />D-Day Museum Portsmouth; Urbis, Manchester; Study Gallery, Poole <br />Djanogly City Academy<br />Mike Butler, Matt Buxton<br />

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