Filming Techniques


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Filming Techniques

  1. 1. Basics of Moviemaking
  2. 2. What do we need <ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moviemaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo Story 3 for Windows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo editing software (Picture Manager, Photofiltre) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music software (iTunes or Media Player) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Special care rules with cameras <ul><li>If there is neck strap… wear it! </li></ul><ul><li>If there is a hand strap… put it on! </li></ul><ul><li>If there is lens cap… always replace it! </li></ul><ul><li>Try not to touch the screen or lens with your fingers </li></ul><ul><li>Turn off the camera when you are not using it </li></ul>
  4. 4. Teach students how to look after the cameras <ul><li>Trust the children with the equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Teach respect for the equipment by consistently modelling proper use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear the neck strap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Display confident use </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. If you are taking a close up… <ul><li>… move the camera up closer rather then using the zoom </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hold your camera at an angle
  7. 7. If you are taking a close up with a video camera… … use the zoom But be careful using the Digital Zoom on a digital camera it could pixilate the photo
  8. 8. Background space with moving objects <ul><li>Take photos of objects moving </li></ul><ul><li>Show the background space from where the object has come from </li></ul>
  9. 9. Have a range of shots in your movie
  10. 10. Series of shots
  11. 11. Wide Shot WS or Long Shot LS <ul><li>Establishes the setting </li></ul><ul><li>Take a Wide shot that sets the scene for the viewer </li></ul>What is your Wide shot about? What scene is it setting? Set the scene then zoom to show detail.
  12. 12. 3 main Levels What height are you at? <ul><li>Worms Eye or Low Angle </li></ul><ul><li>Birds Eye or High Angle </li></ul><ul><li>Eye level </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The camera is down low looking up making your subject look more important or powerful. </li></ul>
  14. 14. High Angle or Birds Eye Your subject should look small and insignificant so the higher up looking down the better!
  15. 15. 3 Main angles The way you tilt your camera <ul><li>Up </li></ul><ul><li>Down </li></ul><ul><li>Straight </li></ul>
  16. 16. 3 types of Distance Close Far Medium
  17. 17. Horizon line <ul><li>Don’t cut your picture in half by setting the horizon line in the middle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set high to suggest closeness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set low to suggest spaciousness </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Leading lines <ul><li>Look for natural lines of the scene that leads the viewers eyes into the picture and to your main centre of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Remember horizon lines </li></ul><ul><li>Do a vertical and a horizontal photo </li></ul>
  19. 19. Close up Shot <ul><li>The subjects head will fill most of the shot from the chest or neck to just above the head. Use this shot to emphasise something. </li></ul><ul><li>Have them look away! </li></ul><ul><li>Put space in front of them </li></ul><ul><li>Do not put the head in the middle of the shot (unless it is a newsreader) give the head space in front of it! </li></ul>Newsreader shot
  20. 20. Photos of children <ul><li>Get down low </li></ul><ul><li>Take photos when they are busy </li></ul><ul><li>Get in close </li></ul><ul><li>Make it fun </li></ul><ul><li>Try to capture the downtimes </li></ul>
  21. 22. Foreground <ul><li>Sometimes objects in the foreground can set a scene like branches or doorways </li></ul>
  22. 23. Extreme close up (ECU ) <ul><li>Only a part of the body or face is shown and generally is used to demonstrate deep emotion </li></ul>
  23. 24. Medium Shot MS <ul><li>shows a character from the waist to just above the head </li></ul>
  24. 25. Two shot <ul><li>Profile of two people communicating </li></ul>
  25. 26. Over the shoulder <ul><li>Face and shoulder shot of speaker, listener just part of head and one shoulder </li></ul>Reverse Shot Same as above but change speaker and listener
  26. 27. Focus <ul><li>Soft focus </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp focus </li></ul>
  27. 28. Panning moving the camera from one side to the other <ul><li>Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Left </li></ul><ul><li>Right </li></ul>,MSDN.10).png
  28. 29. When introducing cameras <ul><li>Talk about care and handling </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about main parts of camera </li></ul><ul><li>Look at different types of shots </li></ul><ul><li>Send children out on a mission to take different shot angles </li></ul><ul><li>Have children analyse what they have done </li></ul>
  29. 30. Macro or super close up <ul><li>Set your camera to Macro and take close ups of nature </li></ul>When taking close ups move as close to the subject as possible before using the Zoom
  30. 31. Shooting Techniques
  31. 32. Static shot <ul><li>Camera is still, does not move </li></ul><ul><li>Usually is a Wide shot </li></ul><ul><li>Objects can move in the shot </li></ul>Zoom shot <ul><li>Use the zoom controls to move in </li></ul><ul><li>If you have the camera on a trolley you can zoom in without using the camera controls </li></ul>
  32. 33. Pan shot <ul><li>Pivot on a tripod horizontally </li></ul><ul><li>Looks better when they follow movement </li></ul><ul><li>If you pan across static objects then pan very slowly </li></ul>Tilt shot <ul><li>Pivot on a tripod vertically </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be done slowly </li></ul>
  33. 34. Sound <ul><li>Cameras have built–in microphones which work well in many situations. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is lot of noise you might need to use external microphones </li></ul><ul><li>lavalier microphones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>small with clips that can be attach ed to a person's clothing. I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>if you have more than one lavalier, you must mix the sound before sending it to the camcorder. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cardioid microphones are designed to pick up sounds nearer to the microphone while muffling or rejecting sound behind and to the side. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The microphone is usually suspended from a pole called a boom or fishpole . A sound assistant uses the pole to hold the microphone out over the actors. Ideally, it should be slightly in front of the actors, aimed down at their mouths. </li></ul></ul>