Published on

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. K-6 MUSIC GRADE 4/5 AH-E-1.1.36 AH-E-1.1.39 When I present this PowerPoint project, I bring instruments in for the kids to see, and I play a CD from the instrument bank so they can listen to how the instruments sound.
  3. 3. There are four families of instruments. <ul><li>Woodwinds </li></ul><ul><li>Brass </li></ul><ul><li>Strings </li></ul><ul><li>Percussion </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Flute </li></ul><ul><li>Oboe </li></ul><ul><li>Clarinet </li></ul><ul><li>Bassoon </li></ul>Woodwinds
  5. 5. <ul><li>Originally made of wood. </li></ul><ul><li>Played by blowing across or into the tube of the instrument. </li></ul><ul><li>Air column inside the tube is set in vibration and tones are produced. </li></ul><ul><li>Different pitches are created by changing the length of the column of air </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch low if column of air is long, high if column of air is shorter. </li></ul>Woodwinds
  6. 6. <ul><li>Flute has no separate mouthpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Clarinet’s mouthpiece has single reed </li></ul><ul><li>Oboe and Bassoon are double-reed instruments - two reeds tied together. </li></ul>Woodwinds
  7. 8. <ul><li>Trumpet </li></ul><ul><li>Trombone </li></ul><ul><li>French Horn </li></ul><ul><li>Tuba </li></ul>Brass
  8. 9. <ul><li>Sometimes called brass wind instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>Player blows into a mouthpiece to create the tone </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of long metal tube with a mouthpiece and a bell-shaped opening </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch low if tube is long, high if tube is short </li></ul>Brass
  9. 10. <ul><li>To produce sound player buzzes his lips into the mouthpiece and causes the air inside to vibrate </li></ul><ul><li>Bell helps to make tone louder and create quality of tone </li></ul><ul><li>Trumpet and French horn has three valves </li></ul><ul><li>Trombone uses length of slide </li></ul><ul><li>Tuba has four valves </li></ul>Brass
  10. 12. <ul><li>Violin </li></ul><ul><li>Viola </li></ul><ul><li>Cello </li></ul><ul><li>Bass </li></ul>Strings
  11. 13. <ul><li>Made from wood, fingerboard on long neck, and four strings </li></ul><ul><li>Each has a special bow made of wood and fine horsehairs </li></ul><ul><li>Tone produced by vibrations or motion of the strings pulling the bow across or plucking the strings - pizzicato </li></ul>Strings
  12. 14. <ul><li>Shapes are similar but sizes vary from small to large </li></ul><ul><li>pitch low if string is long and heavy </li></ul><ul><li>pitch high if string is shorter and lighter </li></ul>Strings
  13. 16. <ul><li>Timpani or Kettle Drums snare drums, </li></ul><ul><li>Xylophones </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestra bells </li></ul><ul><li>Cymbals, finger cymbals </li></ul><ul><li>tambourine, triangle </li></ul><ul><li>maracas, claves </li></ul><ul><li>woodblock/sandblock </li></ul><ul><li>castanets, jingle bells and taps </li></ul>Percussion
  14. 17. <ul><li>Played by being: </li></ul><ul><li>struck </li></ul><ul><li>shaken </li></ul><ul><li>scraped </li></ul>Percussion
  15. 19. Music Quiz #3 - Instrument Families Answer the following questions. Each question is worth 10 points. 1. Which is not an instrument family in an orchestra? Strings Percusion Trumpets 2. To which family do the trombone and tuba belong? Woodwind Brass Bass 3. The saxophone is a member of which family? Brass Percusion Woodwind
  16. 20. 4. Which instrument does not belong in the percussion family? flute snare drum tambourine 5. Which family has the most variety of instruments? Woodwind Percussion Strings 6. To which family does the cello belong? Strings Woodwind Percussion
  17. 21. 7. Who is the person in front of the orchestra that keeps everyone playing together? Constructor Conductor Concert master 8. Which is the highest pitched brass instrument? Trombone Trumpet French Horn 9. What is the highest pitched woodwind instrument? Clarinet Oboe Piccolo
  18. 22. 10. Which instrument is a member of the brass family, but is played with a reed like members of the woodwind family? Saxophone French Horn Bassoon Bonus: Which family of instruments does not play in a marching band? Percussion Woodwind String
  19. 23. OPEN RESPONSE . <ul><li>We have discussed the different families of instruments (brass, woodwind, percussion, and strings). </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pick one family of instruments. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describe THREE of the instruments in that family. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>List the appearance of each instrument, type of sound the instrument makes, and how the instrument is played. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>