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Word Choice: Diction and Connotations
 

Word Choice: Diction and Connotations

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Refine your writing! Word choice can be a deal-breaker if your writing is lame and trite. Use connotations to increase your word power!

Refine your writing! Word choice can be a deal-breaker if your writing is lame and trite. Use connotations to increase your word power!

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    Word Choice: Diction and Connotations Word Choice: Diction and Connotations Presentation Transcript

    • Choosing the Right WordsDiction and Connotations Sharon Elin / CCPS Online revised 2012
    • Think of words as superheroes.
    • Think of words as superheroes. They appear ordinary most of the time, but they have hidden powers.
    • What is Diction?
    • What is Diction? The selection of the most precise words and phrases that express a message correctly, clearly, and effectively.
    • Diction includes…
    • Diction includes… Grammar
    • Diction includes… Grammar Vocabulary
    • Diction includes… Grammar Vocabulary Sounds of words
    • Diction includes… Grammar Vocabulary Sounds of wordsTones or attitudes of words
    • Diction includes… Grammar Vocabulary Sounds of wordsTones or attitudes of words Meanings of words
    • Diction includes makingchoices, such as …
    • Diction includes makingchoices, such as … Active or Passive
    • Diction includes makingchoices, such as … Active or Passive Slang or Standard
    • Diction includes makingchoices, such as … Active or Passive Slang or Standard Formal or Casual
    • Diction includes makingchoices, such as … Active or Passive Slang or Standard Formal or Casual Simple or Complex
    • Diction includes makingchoices, such as … Active or Passive Slang or Standard Formal or Casual Simple or Complex Abstract or Concrete
    • Diction includes makingchoices, such as … Active or Passive Slang or Standard Formal or Casual Simple or Complex Abstract or ConcreteConnotative or Denotative
    • Why is diction important?
    • Why is diction important?"Your diction, the exact words you choose and the settings inwhich you use them, means a great deal to the success ofyour writing…”
    • Why is diction important?"Your diction, the exact words you choose and the settings inwhich you use them, means a great deal to the success ofyour writing…”“While your language should be appropriate to thesituation, that generally still leaves plenty of room forvariety…”
    • Why is diction important?"Your diction, the exact words you choose and the settings inwhich you use them, means a great deal to the success ofyour writing…”“While your language should be appropriate to the situation,that generally still leaves plenty of room for variety…”“Skillful writers mix words to administer a series of small buttelling surprises...”
    • Why is diction important?"Your diction, the exact words you choose and the settings inwhich you use them, means a great deal to the success ofyour writing…”“While your language should be appropriate to thesituation, that generally still leaves plenty of room forvariety…”“Skillful writers mix words to administer a series of small buttelling surprises...”“Readers stay interested because they dont know exactlywhats coming next.”(Joe Glaser, Understanding Style: Practical Ways to Improve Your Writing. Oxford Univ.Press, 1999)
    • Expand yourvocabulary toimprove your diction
    • Just as skilled artists need a palette of many colors, writers need a wide variety of words …
    • … and writers need to harness the power ofcertain words to influence readers in subtle, but powerful ways.
    • Understanding the art ofusing giveswriters a persuasive edge.
    • Connotation vs. Denotation
    • Connotation vs. Denotation - The exact,literal meaning of a word - The unspoken,hidden meaning that gives a wordmore emotional impact
    • Connotation vs. Denotation - The exact,literal meaning of a word “The family sat together in front of a fire.”The or literal interpretation of =nearly hot (actual temperature)
    • Connotation vs. Denotation - Theunspoken, hidden meaning thatgives a word more emotional impact “The family sat together in front of a fire.”The or figurative interpretationof = comforting; friendly (mood/tone)
    • Connotations• A gives the reader or listener a distinct impression or feeling, calling on emotion rather than fact.• Through their connotations, words set a tone and can reveal hidden opinions, attitudes, or judgments.
    • ConnotationsIn the following examples,notice how synonyms haveslightly different meanings, revealing a variety of connotations.
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer.
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer.She might be called informed.
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer.She might be called confident.
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer.She might be called conceited.
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer. informed confident conceitedWhich of these words hasa neutral connotation andmerely states a fact,without opinions orjudgment?
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer. informedWhich of these words hasa neutral connotation andmerely states a fact,without opinions orjudgment?
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer. informed confident conceitedWhich of these words hasa positive connotationand could be considereda compliment?
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer. confidentWhich of these words hasa positive connotationand could be considereda compliment?
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer. informed confident conceitedWhich of these words hasa negative connotationand could be taken ascriticism?
    • Mrs. Darcy knows the answers to questionsno one else can answer. conceitedWhich of these words hasa negative connotationand could be taken ascriticism?
    • Home, House, or Residence?Which word connotescomfort and security?
    • Home, House, or Residence?Which word connotescomfort and security? Home
    • Home, House, or Residence?Which word connotesa formal or legal tone?
    • Home, House, or Residence?Which word connotesa formal or legal tone? Residence
    • Home, House, or Residence? Which word connotesan impersonal structure?
    • Home, House, or Residence? Which word connotesan impersonal structure? House
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word has no connotation and simply denotes aneutral description?
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word has no connotation and simply denotes aneutral description? Thin
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word connotes a desirable or admirable trait?
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word connotes a desirable or admirable trait? Slender
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word connotes an extreme insultimplying weakness?
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word connotes an extreme insultimplying weakness? Scrawny
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word connotes a slight insult about being underweight?
    • Thin, Skinny, Slender, or Scrawny?Which word connotes a slight insult about being underweight? Skinny
    • Connotations Try it on your own! Here are more examples showinghow synonyms describing the samething can have different meanings.The differences are subtle, yet thewords have suggestive, persuasivepowers that will influence readers.
    • lazy or relaxed? Which word has aconnotation of criticism?
    • juicy or greasy? Which word has atastier connotation?
    • victim or loser? Which word has a moresympathetic connotation?
    • Review…
    • What does thisdefinition refer to? The selection of the most precise words and phrases that express a message correctly, clearly, and effectively.
    • What does thisdefinition refer to? The selection of the most precise words and phrases that express a message correctly, clearly, and effectively. Diction
    • Remember the difference?
    • - The exact,literal meaning of a word - The unspoken,hidden meaning that gives a wordmore emotional impact
    • Choosing the best words:Pay attention to your diction,
    • Choosing the best words:Pay attention to your diction, grow your vocabulary,
    • Choosing the best words:Pay attention to your diction, grow your vocabulary, anduse the power of connotations
    • Thanks for watching viewing examiningconsidering analyzing exploring!