Stereotypes We Encounter and Their Negative Effects


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Stereotypes We Encounter and Their Negative Effects

  1. 1. Running head: STEREOTYPES WE 1 Stereotypes We Encounter and Their Negative Effects Sharon Cook PHI103: Informal Logic Instructor: Jill Murray September 17, 2012
  2. 2. STEREOTYPES WE 2 Stereotypes We Encounter and Their Negative Effects As defined in the Oxford dictionary a stereotype is, "a fixed idea or image that manypeople have of a particular type of person or thing but which is often not true in reality"(Stereotyping, 2012). People come from many different places with different beliefs and morals.In addition, each individual has his or her own uniqueness in color, race, ethnicity, height,weight, and personality. A study made by Michael Inzlicht shows that when people are beingstereotyped they perform poorer than they would have they not been stereotyped (Kemick, A.,2010). Stereotyping has a long-lasting negative effect on both the person stereotyping as well asthe one being stereotyped. In my own personal life, I come across many stereotypes each day. One that I canremember from when I was a little girl is "women belong in the kitchen". This was taught to meat a very young age. I was raised in a family that had strong beliefs about men being superiorand women being more like servants than they were wives. My brother never had to do dishes orany form of household chores when we were growing up. Although, I never had to take out thegarbage or do yard work. Learning this at such a young age has made me always feel less thanor not good enough. I strongly disagree with this stereotype and have lived my life to make sure I never fellinto that category again. Women can do anything they set their mind to even if it is "a mansjob". I have lived my life feeling as if I have to prove myself and stand on my own without anyhelp from anyone especially men. This also has had an impact on my older brother. He isdependent on a woman to cook, clean, and take care of him in all ways other than financially. Itis very sad for me to watch and happy that it is not me following in our families footsteps.
  3. 3. STEREOTYPES WE 3 Being born a female and growing into a woman is something that I never asked for butam grateful to have experienced. It saddens me that people are so cruel and judgmental of othersand even more so that I am guilty of this behavior as well. In the studies performed by MichaelInzlicht, the women who felt discriminated against ate more than their peers did in the controlgroup. They showed more hostility than the control group. And they performed more poorly ontests that measured their cognitive skills (Kemick, A., 2010). The next stereotype I have been both the one stereotyping and the one being stereotyped.All drug addicts are dirty, poor, untrusting, thieves, and worthless. I was in my past extremelyjudgmental and hurt many other people. I have called people names and made them leave myhome for drugs and /or alcohol. I at that time did not understand and simply passed judgmentwithout any real knowledge of the circumstances. This caused me to feel like a horrible person.Its effects on me were negative and when I saw those people again or the topic came up I becamedefensive. Later in my life, I became a drug addict and criminal and now live my life in a categorythat I myself once passed judgment on. I recently moved into a new house and it took me oversix months and a number of denials before I was able to move. This is because most people seemy criminal history along with bad credit and they put me in that category. Looking insomeones eyes and seeing them look at you like I once looked at others is something I dreadevery single time I have to apply for anything. The mistakes I have made do not define me as aperson. Although, because of those mistakes I have become the person I am today. Stereotypes generalize people into groups like rich, poor, male, female, race, age, addicts,criminals, and so on. These false generalizations can cause long-term damaging stereotypes thatare made on a few examples (Mosser, K., 2011). I am living proof of this and I am sure many
  4. 4. STEREOTYPES WE 4others are too. It does not feel good to judge or to be judged. Since I was put in to the shoes of those, Ihave judged I no longer am a judgmental person. I have learned a hard life lesson but am also grateful forit because I feel it has made me a better person. Drawing broad and very general conclusions based oninsufficient evidence can lead to harmful results, not only for the victim of the stereotype but also for theperson doing the stereotyping (Mosser, K., 2011). Here is a stereotype that is on a not so negative scale, "women like to shop". I love to shop and Iam sure many of woman love it also. The stereotype here speaks the truth but not the truth in its entirety.Sure women like to shop but not all women. Many men like to shop as well. My grandmother and auntwere shopaholics and rubbed off on me. My mother on the other hand, hates shopping, and my brotherloves it. So where does the stereotype really hold water? I will always love shopping and I do not think itis just because I am female but because I love to shop. In conclusion, stereotypes are biased, judgmental, and cause long-term negative effects on people.Judging people before they even have the opportunity to make a first impression is just not fair.Prejudging people has lasting effects on them that can follow them throughout their lives. Even littlethings kids hear from their parents like "bad boy" or "stop acting stupid" are stereotypes that will cause achild to have low self-esteem and self worth. Think next time before you form an opinion or put someonein a category because stereotyping does have a long-lasting effect on both the person stereotypingas well as the one being stereotyped.
  5. 5. STEREOTYPES WE 5 ReferencesKemick, A. (2010, April 12). Stereotyping Has Lasting Negative Impact. Retrieved September 17, 2012,from National Science Foundation website: impactMosser, K. (2011). An introduction to logic. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. ( Anti Essays. Retrieved September 17, 2012, from the World Wide Web: