Poverty In India
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Poverty In India

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Poverty In India Poverty In India Presentation Transcript

  • Poverty In India Alex Lally and Ally Hannigan
  • General
    • One fifth of the world’s people live on less than $ 1 a day, and 44% of them are in South Asia
    • 26 percent of India is below the poverty line
    • This is happening in mainly in rural areas of India
  • Poverty in the States of India
    • One half of India’s poor is located the three states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh
    • Maharashtra, West Bengal and Orissa account for 22.5% of poverty
  • Female Literacy and Infant Mortality Rates
    • Lack of food and health care due to low income/assets is associated with the higher probability of a new born child dying between birth and the age of one
    • The High Female illiteracy rate has a major impact on IMR
    • If more women were literate the IMR would be much higher
  • Why is this Happening
    • Even though India’s economy is growing there wealth distribution is uneven
    • 1/4 of the nation's population earns less than the government-specified $0.40/day
    • Unemployment and underemployment
    • Over-reliance on agriculture
    • High population growth rate
  • Cultural Reasons
    • The Caste System(Hindu Religion) prevents people from educational, ownership, and employment opportunities
  • What is Being Done
    • Microfinance( very small loans) has helped India a lot
    • There are multiple organization to help feed them and keep there agriculture going
    • The Planning Commission sets up a five year plan for India to help them achieve goal such as ending poverty
  • Positive Things Happening in India: Middle Class
    • Currently India adds 40 million people to its middle class every year
    • estimated 300 million Indians now belong to the middle class
    • one-third of them have emerged from poverty in the last ten years
    • It is predicted that by 2025 the Majority of Indians will live in middle class
  • Works Cited
    • &quot;India.&quot; Grameenfoundation.Org . 2007. India Advisory Council. 21 Apr. 2008 <http://www.grameenfoundation.org/where_we_work/south_asia/india/?gclid=CPCXp_ek7JICFQN-lgodf3NR4g>.
    •  
    • &quot;Poverty in India.&quot; Indiainestop.Com . 2007. Ontrack Systems Limited. 21 Apr. 2008 <http://indiaonestop.com/povertyindia.htm>.
    • Mehta, Aasha. &quot;Chronic Poverty in India: Overview Study.&quot; Eldis os 1.1 (2002): 1-79. 23 Apr. 2008 <http://www.chronicpoverty.org/pdfs/07Mehta_Shah.pdf>