THE APPLICATION OF       OHSAS 18001      AT WORKPLACE            BySharifah Rohana Syed Ibrahim
OHSAS 18001 (or Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series 18001) isa management system designed with international ...
OHSAS 18001 was developed with the guidance of the followingnational standard bureaus and certification bodies:I. British ...
Many organizations decide to implement OHSAS 18001 andobtain registration because it assures employees, customers,sharehol...
LIFTING OPERATIONS                                 Identified Hazards                                                  (Ri...
Working at height                                             Hazards Identified: -             4.3.1 : Hazards Identifica...
Equipment Damaged                                                                               4.3.1 : Hazards Identifica...
Loading and Unloading                        Hazards Identified: -                                              Equipment ...
Hazards Identified: -  Working in Confined Space                           • Hazardous atmosphere: -                      ...
Hazards Identified: -  Gas Testing Work                                   • Gas tester equipment malfunction (H);         ...
Work at Desk/Office Work                                           Hazards Identified: -                              4.3....
Warehouse Safety                                         Hazards Identified: -                                  4.3.1 : Ha...
Working with hands                         Hazards identified:                                           •Burns to the han...
Infection & Disease                                                                                          4.3.1 : Hazar...
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Ohsas18001

  1. 1. THE APPLICATION OF OHSAS 18001 AT WORKPLACE BySharifah Rohana Syed Ibrahim
  2. 2. OHSAS 18001 (or Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series 18001) isa management system designed with international standards that helps institutionscontrolled their occupational health and safety threats for better performance.The history in brief:Year 96’ : British Standards Industry (BSI) introduced the first OHSAS standard in 1999 - BSI 8800 provided guidelines for the current version;Year 99’ : The specification outlines the prerequisites for any occupational health and safety management system, which aids an institution to enhance performance;Year 2007: Updated to better align with ISO 14001 focusing in health.
  3. 3. OHSAS 18001 was developed with the guidance of the followingnational standard bureaus and certification bodies:I. British Standards InstitutionII. Bureau Veritas Quality InternationalIII. Det Norske VeritasIV. International Certification ServicesV. International Safety Management OrganizationVI. Lloyds Register Quality AssuranceVII. National Quality AssuranceVIII. National Standards Authority of IrelandIX. SFS CertificationX. SGS Yarsley International Certification ServicesXI. South African Bureau of StandardsXII. Standards and Industry Research Institute of Standards Australia
  4. 4. Many organizations decide to implement OHSAS 18001 andobtain registration because it assures employees, customers,shareholders, suppliers, regulators and the community at largethat the company has an internationally recognizedOccupational Health and Safety Management System(OHSMS) in place.When an organization conforms to OHSAS 18001, it ensuresthat all people directly or indirectly involved with the companyare exposed to a minimum number of risks. A third partycertification ensures that effective steps have been put inplace to avoid accidents and unsafe situations.Below are ten (10) examples of the application of OHSAS18001 towards working practices.
  5. 5. LIFTING OPERATIONS Identified Hazards (Risks Indicator *) : - 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & Mechanical Failure (M) determine controls Dropped Object (H) * Risks Indicator: Rigging Competence (M) H – High (Severe) Crane Operator Competence (M) M – Medium (Severe) Poor Lifting Planning (M) L – Low (Likelihood) Poor Supervision (L) 4.1: General Requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1) 4.4.6: Operational Controls(i)Lifting Operations Manual (4.4.6) (i) Competency Proposed(ii) Guidelines for Crane Operators (4.4.6) Assessment : Crane Target for Operator/Banks men/ Completion/(iii) Crane Inspection Record (4.4.5) Roustabout (4.4.1) Frequency:(iv) COP for Safe Used of Cranes (4.4.6) (ii) Certification according(v) Lifting equipment inspection Record to API standards for Competency(4.4.5) Crane and LOLER-98 for assessment is to(vi) Crane Operator/Rigging & Slinging rigging & slinging be done annually.Training Matrix & Competency Record activities (4.3.2)& Data (4.4.1 & 2) (iii) Crane Operator Training Certification prior(vii) Proper PPE & Toolbox talk meeting (iv) Rigging & Slinging to recruitment(4.4.3) Training (4.4.2) and training once4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority (v) Leadership Training in 2 years.4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness (4.4.2)4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation4.4.4 : Documentation4.4.5 : Control of documents
  6. 6. Working at height Hazards Identified: - 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & determine controls Personal injury (H) Accidents (H) Risks Indicator: H – High (Severe) Property damage (M) M – Medium (Severe) L – Low (Likelihood) 4.1: General Requirements Proposed Risk Control 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.4.6: Operational Controls• Elimination (CCTV at location , re-design or • Working at Proposed avoid working at height (4.4.6); height training Target for•Built guardrails; (4.4.6) (4.4.2) Completion/• Enforcement to comply • Rescue at Frequency: with Reg 12, FMA 1970 (4.3.2 & 4.4.3) & height training• Fall Protection Systems (PPE, full harness, etc) (4.4.2) Competency (4.4.6) • Scaffolding assessment. Travel fall restraint (mitigate distance) (4.4.6); training (4.4.2) is to be done• Rescue plan (dealing with trauma, etc). (4.4.2 & 6) • Competency annually.• Equipment inspection record (4.4.5) Assessment•Qualified supervision (work instructions) (4.4.1) Training is to programs be done on 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority (4.4.1) 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness the job and 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation annually. 4.4.4 : Documentation 4.4.5 : Control of documents
  7. 7. Equipment Damaged 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & Hazards Identified: - determine controls Personal injury (H) Risks Indicator: Explosion (H) H – High (Severe) Fire (H) M – Medium (Severe) L – Low (Likelihood) Gas dispersion (H) 4.1: General Requirements Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1) 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.4.6: Operational Controls Proposed• Preventive Maintenance Record (4.4.4); Target for• Inspection Record (4.4.4); • Process Safety Completion/• Process Safety Manuals (4.4.4); Training (4.4.2); Frequency:• Equipment guidelines (4.4.3 and 4.4.4);• Emergency Preparedness Manuals (4.4.4.) • Emergency Training, Response once in two years for Preparedness 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority Process 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness Training (4.4.2) Safety. 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation 4.4.4 : Documentation 4.4.5 : Control of documents For ERP, to do on the job training (drill) & annually.
  8. 8. Loading and Unloading Hazards Identified: - Equipment damage (H) Personal injury (H) 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & Environmental damage (M) determine controls Explosion (H) Risks Indicator: Fire (H) H – High (Severe) M – Medium (Severe) Spillage (H) L – Low (Likelihood) Gas dispersion (H) 4.1: General Requirements Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1) 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.4.6: Operational Controls Proposed• Transportation, transfer and handling manuals (4.4.4); • Defensive Target for• Risk assessment and lifting plan (4.4.6); Driving Training Completion/• Provide restrictions , full time escort during (4.4.2) Frequency:movement & signage; (4.4.3); • Rigging and• Competent driver with valid license (4.3.2 & 4.4.1); Slinging Training Competency• Emergency Response Preparedness (4.4.7) (4.4.2) assessment • Competency is to be done Assessment annually. 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness programs 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation (4.4.1) Training is to 4.4.4 : Documentation be done on 4.4.5 : Control of documents 4.4.7 : Emergency Response Preparedness the job and annually.
  9. 9. Hazards Identified: - Working in Confined Space • Hazardous atmosphere: - Displaces oxygen (H) Toxic caused suffocation, lung & eye 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & irritant. Extremely toxic caused lung determine controls failure (H);  Fire & explosion (H) Risks Indicator: • Physical hazards: - H – High (Severe) Trapped (H) M – Medium (Severe) Slip, trip and fall (H) L – Low (Likelihood) Falling objects (H)  Electrical Shocks (H) Poor visibility (H) Temperature extremes (H) Noise (H); Risk of drowning. (H) 4.1: General Requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.4.6: Operational Controls Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1)• Regulation compliance ICOP AESP (4.3.2); • Authorized Entrant & Proposed• Permit To Work System (4.4.4) Standby Person for Confined Target for• Must possess Competency Card (both entrant & Space Training (4.4.2); supervisor) (4.3.2) • Authorized Gas Tester Completion/• Safe working practice (ventilation, cleaning before entry procedures, check size (4.4.2); Frequency:of the entrance, etc) (4.4.4 & 4.4.6); • Confined Space Rescue• Gas testing by Authorized Gas Tester (4.3.2 & 4.4.1 & 2); Training (4.4.2); • Competency Assessment Competency• Provision of breathing apparatus, rescue harnesses (4.4.7)• Emergency Response Preparedness (4.4.7); (4.4.1) assessment is• Communication system (walkie talkie) (4.4.6); to be done• Capabilities of rescuers (4.4.1); annually. 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority Training is to 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness be done once 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation in 2 years 4.4.4 : Documentation 4.4.5 : Control of documents 4.4.7 : Emergency Response Preparedness
  10. 10. Hazards Identified: - Gas Testing Work • Gas tester equipment malfunction (H); • Hazardous atmosphere: - Displaces oxygen (H) 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & Toxic caused suffocation, lung & eye determine controls irritant. Extremely toxic caused lung failure (H); Risks Indicator:  Fire & explosion (H) H – High (Severe) • Physical hazards: - M – Medium (Severe) Trapped (H) L – Low (Likelihood) Slip, trip and fall (H) Falling objects (H)  Electrical Shocks (H) Poor visibility (H) Temperature extremes (H) Noise (H); Risk of drowning. (H) 4.1: General Requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.4.6: Operational Controls Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1)• Regulation compliance (4.3.2); • Authorized Entrant & Proposed• Must possess AGT license from DOSH (4.3.2); Standby Person for Confined Target for• Gas Testing Equipment user guidelines (4.4.4) Space Training (4.4.2);• Permit To Work System (4.4.4) • Authorized Gas Tester Completion/• Safe working practice (full PPE) (4.4.6) (4.4.2); Frequency:• Provision of breathing apparatus, rescue harnesses (4.4.7) • Confined Space Rescue• Emergency Response Preparedness (4.4.7); Training (4.4.2); • Competency Assessment Competency• Communication system (walkie talkie) (4.4.6);• Capabilities of rescuers (4.4.1); (4.4.1) assessment is to be done annually. 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness Training is to 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation be done once 4.4.4 : Documentation 4.4.5 : Control of documents in 2 years 4.4.7 : Emergency Response Preparedness
  11. 11. Work at Desk/Office Work Hazards Identified: - 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & • Eyestrain and eye irritation (visual determine controls problems) (M); •Back pain (M) Risks Indicator: •Slip, trip and falls (M) H – High (Severe) • Office temperature & humidity (L) • Noise and/or vibration (L); M – Medium (Severe) •Electrical hazards (L). L – Low (Likelihood) 4.1: General Requirements Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.4.6: Operational Controls • Manual handling plans (4.4.4); Proposed • Quality of light inspection (4.4.6); Target for • Plan for a layout design that can control noise • Ergonomics Awareness Completion/ Program (4.4.2); Frequency: (noise privacy) (4.4.6); • Air quality assessment (4.3.2 & 4.4.6); •Indoor Air Quality Test (4.4.5) Training once in 2 years 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority Air quality test 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness once in 2 years 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation 4.4.4 : Documentation 4.4.5 : Control of documents 4.4.7 : Emergency Response Preparedness
  12. 12. Warehouse Safety Hazards Identified: - 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & • Trip, Slips and Falls (H); determine controls •Hit by a falling object (H); •Fall from height (H); Risks Indicator: •Manual handling injury (H); H – High (Severe) •Accident involving a fork lift truck (H); •Exposure to hazardous substances (H). M – Medium (Severe) L – Low (Likelihood) 4.1: General Requirements Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.4.6: Operational Controls• Avoid working at height (comply to Reg 12,FMA) (4.3.2) • Immediate and weekly Proposed housekeeping program Target for•Proper storage of materials in warehouse (4.4.6); (4.4.2);•Housekeeping Record (4.4.6); Completion/• Safety walkabout record (4.4.1 and 5); •Forklift & Warehouse Frequency:• Full PPE (4.4.1); Safety Training (4.4.2);• Competent Forklift Driver (4.4.1); Training once• Materials inventory record (4.4.5); •Competency Assessment in 2 years for Forklift Driver (4.4.1)•Manual Handling Manuals (comply to The ManualHandling Operations Regulations 2002)(4.3.2) Competency •Rigging & Slinging Training• Hazardous Substances Manual Handling (4.3.2) (4.4.2) Assessment once a year. •Dangerous Good Handling 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority Training(4.3.2 & 4.4.2) 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation 4.4.4 : Documentation 4.4.5 : Control of documents 4.4.7 : Emergency Response Preparedness
  13. 13. Working with hands Hazards identified: •Burns to the hands (H); 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & •Irritate skin (chemicals substances) (H); determine controls •tetanus and hepatitis C are infections that can be transmitted through hand Risks Indicator: wounds (H); H – High (Severe) •Strains and sprains (H); M – Medium (Severe) •Cuts & wounds (H). L – Low (Likelihood) Your hands and fingers turn numb at minus 15oC, which can increase the risk of accidents. 4.1: General Requirements 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.4.6: Operational Controls Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1)• Use gloves appropriate for the job and temperature;• Before hands become too cold, take time to warm them up; • Hand and fingers Proposed• Chemicals containers correctly labelled and understandable; injury prevention Target for•Wash well with soap and warm water or use special cleansers; program (4.4.2); Completion/• Dont wipe your hands with chemically contaminated rags. Frequency:• Use barrier creams ; • Safety alert is shared•Use safe handling techniques; upon incidents (4.4.3) Every quarterly• Always obtain first aid for every injury, no matter how minor;•Beware of broken floors and torn or curled rugs or mats. of the year (for•Use handrails on stairs. training)•Never jump down from a platform, scaffold, loading dock or otherheight. For safety•Use ladders properly for climbing. alerts (upon•When moving heavy or bulky things, use a lifting device or ask for help incidents) 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation 4.4.4 : Documentation 4.4.5 : Control of documents 4.4.7 : Emergency Response Preparedness
  14. 14. Infection & Disease 4.3.1 : Hazards Identification, Risk assessment & Hazards Identified: - determine controls • Outbreaks and endemic disease (H); Risks Indicator: • Health effects (H); H – High (Severe) •Death (H). M – Medium (Severe) L – Low (Likelihood) 4.1: General Requirements Proposed Risk Control (4.3.1) 4.3.2 Legal & other requirements 4.3.3: Objectives and Program(s) 4.4.6: Operational Controls• Random Epidemiological investigations and studies •Identify sources of Proposed(4.4.6); infection by: - Target for• Quantitative microbial risk assessment (4.4.6); (i) Initial collection of Completion/• Exposure assessment; the case; Frequency:• Dose-response assessment (4.4.6); (ii) Transport of case• Isolation plan (4.4.7); from initial Immediately• Emergency Response Plans (Crisis Management) 4.4.7; collections points; until zero risks• Ventilation (4.4.6); (iii) Storage of case achieved.• Full PPE (4.4.6). (isolation); (iv) Hygienic treatment, such as 4.4.1 : Resources, roles, accountability & authority cleaning, 4.4.2 : Competence, Training and Awareness 4.4.3 : Communication participation and consultation disinfection, etc; 4.4.4 : Documentation (4.4.1, 4 and 5); 4.4.5 : Control of documents • Awareness training 4.4.7 : Emergency Response Preparedness (4.4.2)
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