4.2. the Clod and the Pebble


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4.2. the Clod and the Pebble

  1. 1. The Transitional PeriodThe Pre-RomanticsWilliam blakeThe clod and the pebbleBy Rania Al-Ghamdi
  2. 2. Pre-RomanticismThe Transitional EraThe term Pre-romantic “defines the sensibilities and spiritual states, trends, ideas and forms that developed at the end of the Neoclassical Period.”The Pre romantics did not constitute a school of thought. They were a group of writers that were influenced by the new trends, feelings, of the end of the
  3. 3. William blake William blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognized during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of both the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age His paintings and poetry have been characterized as part of both the Romantic movement and "Pre- Romantic", for its large appearance in the 18th century.
  4. 4.  Much of his poetry has hidden meaning that are hard to understand. He did not believe in the reality of matter, or in the power of earthly rulers, or in punishment after death. His best known works include Songs of Innocence (1787) and Songs of Experience (1794). The second is darker and heavier than the first; but it does contain some
  5. 5. The Clod and The Pebbleby william blake Love seeketh not itself to please, " Nor for itself hath any care, But for another gives its ease, And builds a Heaven in Hells despair." So sung a little Clod of Clay Trodden with the cattles feet, But a Pebble of the brook Warbled out these metres meet: "Love seeketh only self to please, To bind another to its delight, Joys in anothers loss of ease, And builds a Hell in Heavens despite."
  6. 6. The poem was published as apart of his collection Songs ofExperience in 1794. Hisspiritual beliefs are evidencedof here, in which he shows hisown distinction between theOld Testament and theNew Testament.Songs of Experience deals withthe loss of innocence. Poemsare darker, concentrating onmore political and seriousthemes.
  7. 7. The poem is about two differentpoints of view from love. One ofview is from The Clod and other isfrom The Pebble. The two viewscoexist and each view insures eachother. The one cannot never existwithoutthe other.The poem shows contrast betweenthese two personalities (the clodand the pebble). The twocontrasting points of view on love.We can see the theme of love and thedifferent aspects form it: love isaltruistic, selfish..
  8. 8. Love seeketh not Itself to please,”Nor for itself hath any care,But for another gives its ease,And builds a Heaven in Hells despairIn the first stanza of the poem, Blakedescribes the clods perspective of love. Inthe clods view, love is seen as a selfless,caring, and even amenable force. Hisperspective of love seems almostreligious, with how pure and innocent hisideas are, and is further cemented as areligious perspective due to the fact thatthis love, "builds a Heaven…,"
  9. 9. So sung a little Clod of Clay Trodden with the cattles feet But a Pebble of the brook Warbled out these metres meet: In the second stanza, we have the twoparticipants. The clod is described as “troddenwith the cattle feet”, that means that the clod hasbeen trampled on but he does not mind what isgoing to happen because he accepts that In thefirst line we have the word “clay”, that meansthat the clod is soft, not hard. Soft meanssomething sentimental, unrealistic, weak. Later we have the other participant, the Pebble.The Pebble is hard. Hard means somethingcinical, unsentimental, realistic. He has adifferent point of view from the Clod. He issomeone who has suffered of love. Hedescribed love as selfish.
  10. 10. We have another image: the Pebble of thebrook. This image says where is thePebble. In the brook. This imageexplains the negative vision that love isor what will be.The Pebble has a negative tone.In the last line of second stanza, the word“meet” has the idea of “appropiate”.Why the Pebble´s metres areappropiated? Perhaps there is anambiguity. The two views are balancedone and other. The one can not existwithout the other.
  11. 11. "Love seeketh only Self to please, To bind anther to Its delight, Joys in anothers loss of ease, And builds a Hell in Heavens despite.“ In the third stanza, we have a dark image. The first line: Love seeketh only Self to please means that love is selfish and for this reason the word “Self” is capitalized. In the first and third line we can observe: please-ease. These words have an idea of pleasure. We have another image. Heaven has two meanings: 1) it is associated with the idea of pleasure. 2) It is associated with the idea of pain, suffering. When the poem says: builds a Hell in Heaven´s despite means that the Pebble believes that love corrupts purity, honesty
  12. 12. Rhyme The rhyme scheme in the first and third stanza is the same: ABBA.
  13. 13. The figurative language There are two metaphors used to describe the contrasting sides of love. Blake uses a Clod and a Pebble as his metaphors for love. The clod exemplifies a selfless kind of heavenly love, while the pebble represents a stubborn and selfish kind of love Blake stated at the beginning of his poem, “Love seeketh not itself to please,/ Nor for itself hat any care,/ But for another gives it ease( 1,2,3).” The clod gets joy out of helping others. A clod is soft, and it will not hurt someone. It can be molded, changed stepped on, and squished without pain for anyone. The clod also
  14. 14.  The pebble in Blake’s poem is a metaphor for a selfish person that desires everything only for himself. Blake states, “Love seeketh only Self to please,/ To bind another to its delight (9,10).” The pebble has no feelings for anyone except himself. The pebble is the perfect metaphor for selfishness. A pebble is hard, and it will not change. Just like the selfish love that the pebble represents. The pebble is also experienced and has lost its innocence, unlike the clod. The pebble has been jaded by life and expects the worst out of people. This is why the pebble is so self-centered. Blake also uses heaven and hell as metaphors for the clod and the pebble. Talking about the clod, Blake states, “And builds a heaven in hell’s despair (4).” Heaven is a strong metaphor to use, and that is a very strong compliment to give the clod. However, Blake says the exact opposite about the pebble. Blake states, “And builds a hell in heaven’s despite (12).” These metaphors show that the clod is trying to make the best out of life. The clod wants to turn a hell into a heaven. However, the pebble builds a hell on earth for everyone around him. The metaphors of heaven and hell prove just how contrary the clod and the pebble are.
  15. 15. Theme The theme of the poem is the two contrasting sides of love represented by a clod and a pebble. William Blake says loving others “builds heaven in hell’s despair.” That is the kind of love Blake thinks we should strive for in this poem
  16. 16. Sourceshttp://chisnell.com/APEng/LitCrit%20Wikis/The%20Clod%20and%20the%20Pebble.aspxhttp://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20111123121008AAQJyj6http://mural.uv.es/sanlobe/firstpaper.htmlhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KCiki7Wte3ohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ueXvRy7UoJk
  17. 17. Thank you