Beginner's Guide to Rugby

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Beginner's Guide to Rugby

  1. 1. A Beginner’s Guide toRugby Union
  2. 2. Safety Rugby’s history & ethosas a top priorityRugby is a highly physical Legend has it that in 1823,Game. To enjoy it to its during a game of schoolutmost you need to be football in the town of Rugby,physically and mentally England, a young man namedprepared. You also need to William Webb Ellis picked upunderstand how to play the ball and ran towards thesafely. opposition’s goal line. Two centuries later, Rugby Football has evolved into one of the world’s most popular sports, with millions of people playing, watching and enjoying the Game. At the heart of Rugby is a unique Images courtesy of World Rugby Museum, Twickenham and Getty Images ethos which it has retained over the years. Not only is the Game played to the Laws, but withinwww.irbrugbyready.com the spirit of the Laws.The IRB Rugby Ready Through discipline, control andprogramme educates, aids mutual self-respect, a fellowshipand supports players, and sense of fair play are forged,coaches, match officials and defining Rugby as the Game it is.Unions on the importance ofsufficient preparation for From the school playground totraining and playing in order the Rugby World Cup final, Rugbyfor Rugby to be played and Union offers a truly unique andenjoyed while reducing the thoroughly rewarding experiencerisk of serious injury. for all involved in the Game.The web site allows you toread material, watch video,complete an on-line self The IRB Playing Chartercheck test and generate an The International Rugby Boardawareness certificate. Or publishes a Playing Charter settingcontact your national Union out Rugby’s basic principles:for details of face-to-face conduct, spirit, controlled physicalitycourses near you. and contest for possession. The Charter’s objective is to ensure thatDisclaimer Rugby maintains its unique characterThis IRB Beginner’s Guide to Rugby Union both on and off the field.product has been developed in the contextof the Laws applying to accident and injuryprevention and medical practice in Irelandand the information and guidelines The principles of Rugby are the fundamental elements upon which theincorporated on these matters are made Game is based and they enable participants immediately to identify theavailable strictly on the basis that the IRB(including its operating entity IRFB character of the Game and what makes it distinctive as a sport which isServices (Ireland) Limited and otherassociated entities) does not accept any played by people of all shapes and sizes.liability to any person or entity for loss,cost or damage howsoever arising out ofany reliance on and/or use of the The IRB Playing Charter is incorporated within the IRB Laws of the Gameinformation and/or guidelines contained in and can be downloaded from www.irb.com in English, French, Spanish,this IRB Beginner’s Guide to RugbyUnion product. Russian, Traditional Chinese, Japanese and Italian.2
  3. 3. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby UnionThe Game Scoring points Try - 5 pointsRugby is a game in which the object is to carry the ball over the A try is scoredopponents’ goal line and force it to the ground to score. when the ball is grounded overIt’s simple... but complex the opponents’ goal line in theThe above description may sound simple - but there is one catch. In in-goal area.order to go forward, the ball must be passed backwards. The ball can bekicked forwards, but the kicker’s team mates must be behind the ball at A penalty try canthe moment the ball is kicked. be awarded if a player wouldThis apparent contradiction creates a need for fine teamwork and great have scored a trydiscipline, as little can be achieved by any one individual player. Only by but for foul play Try signalworking as a team can players move the ball forward towards their by the opposition.opponents’ goal line and eventually go on to win the game. Rugby has its unique aspects, but like many other sports it is essentially about the creation and use of space. The winners of a game of Rugby will be the team of players who can get themselves and the ball into Conversion - 2 points space and use that space wisely, while denying the After scoring a try, that team opposing team both can attempt to add two possession of the ball and further points by kicking the access to space in which to ball over the crossbar and use it. between the posts from a place in line with where the try was scored.The field of play Penalty - 3 points When awarded a penalty Not exceeding Not exceeding 22m Not exceeding 100m 22m after an infringement by the opposition, a team may choose to kick at goal. Drop goal - 3 points 22m 10m A drop goal is scored when Not exceeding 70m a player kicks for goal in DEAD BALL LINEDEAD BALL LINE HALF-WAY LINE 22-METRE LINE 10-METRE LINE 10-METRE LINE 22-METRE LINE GOAL-LINE GOAL-LINE IN-GOAL open play by dropping the ball onto the ground and kicking it on the half-volley. 5m 15m 5m Touch-in- TOUCH-LINE Touch-in- Goal Line Goal Line TOUCH TOUCH-IN-GOAL TOUCH-IN-GOAL Red dots are goal posts and red line is the crossbar 3
  4. 4. Kicking Open playIf a player chooses not to The term ‘open play’ refers to any phase in the match where the ballpass the ball to a team mate is being passed or kicked between team mates and both teams areor run with it, that player contesting for the ball. In open play, the team in possession tries tomay kick the ball instead. get the ball to players in space who can make forward progressThe kick can travel forwards, towards the opposing goal line.but any team mates in frontof the ball at the moment the Kick offball is kicked are out of playuntil either they retire behind Each half of the match is startedthe kicker or are played with a drop kick from the centreonside by a team mate. of the half way line. The non- kicking team must be 10 metres back from the ball when it is kicked and the kick must travel 10m towards the opposition goal line before hitting the ground. Handling Passing A player may pass (throw the ball) to a team mate who is in a better position to continue the attack, but the pass must notRetaining possession of the travel towards the opposingball following a kick is a team’s goal line. It must travelchallenge. Kicking strategies either directly across the field, orinclude: back in the direction of the passer’s own goal line.• kicking into space, so that team mates have time to By carrying the ball forwards and run onto the ball before an passing backwards, territory is opponent can get to it gained. If a forward pass is made, the referee will stop the game and award a• kicking out wide, at an scrum (see page 8) with the throw-in going to the team which was not in oblique angle to the field, possession at the time of the pass. In this way, a forward pass is so that the wing or outside punished by that team losing possession of the ball. centre can catch the ball• kicking the ball to touch Knock-on (off the field of play) When a player mishandles the resulting in a lineout (see ball, i.e. drops it or allows it to page 9) with the throw-in rebound off a hand or arm, and to the opposition. This the ball travels forwards, it is concedes possession of known as a knock-on. the ball but allows the kicking team to contest for This is punishable by a scrum to the ball in a much more the opposition and therefore a advantageous position on turnover of possession. the field.4
  5. 5. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby UnionTackle, ruck & maul AdvantageAs well as being an evasion game which requires creation and use The advantage Law allowsof space, Rugby is also a contact sport. In fact, contact situations the game to be morecan be the very mechanism by which players create the space they continuous and have fewerneed to attack. The three most common contact situations which stoppages.occur in open play are tackle, ruck and maul. Sometimes, during a game, an infringement of the LawsThe tackle may be committed where a stoppage in play wouldOnly the ball carrier can be deprive the non-offendingtackled by an opposing player. team of an opportunity toA tackle occurs when the ball score.carrier is held by one or moreopponents and is brought to Even though the Laws stateground, i.e. has one or both knees that the non-offending teamon the ground, is sitting on the should be awarded a penalty,ground or is on top of another free kick or scrum, they areplayer who is on the ground. To given the opportunity tomaintain the continuity of the continue with open play andgame, the ball carrier must release the ball immediately after the tackle, attempt to score a try.the tackler must release the ball carrier and both players must roll awayfrom the ball. This allows other players to come in and contest for the In this instance, the refereeball, thereby starting a new phase of play. will allow play to continue rather than penalise theThe ruck offence. A ruck is formed if the ball is on the ground and one or more players from each team who are Offside on their feet close around it. Rugby’s offside Law restricts Players must not handle the ball where on the field players in the ruck, and must use their can be, to ensure there is feet to move the ball or drive space to attack and defend. over it so that it emerges at the team’s hindmost foot, at which In general, a player is in an point it can be picked up. offside position if that player is further forward (nearer toThe maul the opponents’ goal line) than the team mate who isA maul occurs when the ball carrying the ball or the teamcarrier is held by one or more mate who last played the ball.opponents and one or more of theball carrier’s team mates holds on Being in an offside position(binds) on as well. The ball must is not, in itself, an offence,be off the ground. but an offside player may not take part in the gameThe team in possession of the ball can attempt to gain territory by driving until they are onside again.their opponents back towards the opponents’ goal line. The ball can thenbe passed backwards between players in the maul and eventually If an offside player takespassed to a player who is not in the maul, or a player can leave the maul part in the game, that playercarrying the ball and run with it. will be penalised. 5
  6. 6. The positionsRugby Union has always beencharacterised by the notion Forwards Hooker Loose-head Tight-headthat it is a game for all shapes prop propand sizes. Lock LockUniquely, each position Open-side Blind-side flanker flankerrequires a different set ofphysical and technical Number 8attributes and it is this diversity Backswhich makes the game so 9accessible to all. 10 Scrum half 12 Fly half 14From the power of the 13 Inside centre Rightforwards to the speed of the wing 11 Outsidebacks, there’s a place in a centreRugby team for anyone who Left 15 Full back wingwants a slice of the action. The names of positions given here are the most commonly used across the Rugby world. However, some regional variations may exist. Props Hooker 1 3 2What they do: Their primary role is to anchor the What they do: The hooker has two unique roles onscrummage and provide lifting strength and support the pitch as the player who wins possession in thefor the lineout jumpers. Also pivotal in rucks & mauls. scrum and usually throws the ball in to the lineout.What they need: Upper-body strength to provide What they need: Great strength to withstand thestability in the scrum, endurance, mobility and safe physicality of the front row coupled with speed to gethands to maintain continuity of play. around the pitch and good throwing technique. Locks Flankers 4 5 6 7What they do: Locks win ball from lineouts and What they do: Their key objective is to win possessionrestarts. They drive forward momentum in the scrum, through turn-overs, using physicality in the tackle andrucks and mauls providing a platform for attack. speed to the breakdown.What they need: The key characteristic is height. The What they need: An insatiable desire for big tackles andlocks are the giants of the team and combine their a no-fear approach to winning the ball. A combination ofphysicality with great catching skills and mobility. speed, strength, endurance and handling.6
  7. 7. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby Union Number 8 Scrum half 8 9What they do: The Number 8 must secure possession What they do: Provides the link between forwards andat the base of the scrum, carry the ball in open play, backs at the scrum and lineouts. A true decision-maker,provide the link between the forwards and backs in the 9 will judge whether to distribute quick ball to theattacking phases and defend aggressively. backs or keep it close to the forwards.What they need: Good handling skills are essential, What they need: A multi-faceted position, the scrum halfas is a great awareness of space. Power and pace must be powerful, have explosive speed, all-round handlingover short distances is crucial - gaining territory and and kicking skills. The great 9s are highly confident players,field position for a quick release to the backs in attack. with excellent game understanding. Fly half Centres 10 12 13What they do: As the player who orchestrates the What they do: The centres are key in both defenceteam’s performance, the 10 will receive the ball from and attack. In defence they will attempt to tacklethe 9 and choose to kick, pass or make a break based attacking players whilst in attack they will use theirupon split-second interpretation of the phase of play. speed, power and creative flair to breach defences.What they need: The ability to kick well out of hand, What they need: The modern-day centre is lean,ideally on either foot, deft handling skills, pace, vision, strong and extremely quick. The position demandscreativity, communication skills, tactical awareness great attacking prowess, coupled with an intensity inand the ability to perform under pressure. contact to either retain or steal possession. Wings Full back 11 14 15What they do: The wings are on the pitch to provide What they do: Generally perceived as the last line ofthe injection of out-and-out pace needed to outrun an defence, the full back must be confident under a highopponent and score a try. Also important to be solid ball, have a good boot to clear the lines and a enjoyin defence. the physicality required to make try-saving tackles.What they need: Pace. Wings will often find What they need: Great handling skills, pace in attackthemselves in open space, when their number one and power in defence. An ability to join the line atpriority is to press the accelerator and run for the line. pace to create an overlap and try-scoringStrength and good handling are an advantage too. opportunities for the winger. Tactical skill and flair. 7
  8. 8. Signals for scrum awarded (left)Equipment The scrum and forming a scrum (right)Before playing Rugby, it’s The scrum is a means of restarting play after a stoppage which hasimportant to understand the been caused by a minor infringement of the Laws (for example, aequipment you’ll need. forward pass or knock on) or the ball becoming unplayable in a ruck or maul. The scrum serves to concentrate all the forwards and the scrum halves in one place on the field, providing the opportunity for the backs to mount an attack using the space created elsewhere.Firstly, you’ll need a sturdypair of boots with studs orcleats which are appropriateto the conditions. These areessential to providing thepurchase you’ll require,especially in contactsituations. The ball is thrown into the middle of the tunnel between the two front rows, at which point the two hookers can compete for the ball, attempting to hook the ball back in the direction of their team mates. The team who throws the ball into the scrum usually retains possession, because the hooker and scrum half can synchronise their actions. Once possession has been secured, a team can keep the ball on theIt is recommended that you ground and in the scrum and attempt to drive the opposition down field.wear a mouth guard to Alternatively, they can bring the ball to the hindmost foot of the scrum,protect the teeth and jaw, where the ball is then passed into the back line and open playand some players choose to resumes again.wear IRB approved headgear and/or paddedequipment, worn under The scrum halfthe shirt. The key player at the scrum is the scrum half. This player throws the ball into the scrum, moves to the hindmost foot of the scrum, and is usually the player who picks the ball up and passes out to the fly half who then distributes the ball to the back line. As soon as the scrum half picks the ball up, the opposition may contest for the ball and attempt to tackle whichever player is in possession.8
  9. 9. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby Union The touch judge signals that the ball isThe lineout in touch and which team has the throw in Penalty and free kick Infringements of the Laws which have a material and significant impact on the opposition are punished with the award of a penalty kick. If the place where the penalty is awarded is within range of the posts, the team will usuallyThe lineout is a means of restarting play after the ball has gone into choose to kicktouch (off the field of play at the side). The lineout concentrates all for a goal from athe forwards in one place near to the touch line, so the backs have place kick. Thethe rest of the width of the field in which to mount an attack. The ball is placed onkey for the forwards is to win possession and distribute the ball a kicking tee andeffectively to the back line. Penalty signal the kickerThe forwards assemble in two lines, perpendicular to the touch line, one attempts to kick itmetre apart. The hooker throws the ball down the corridor between between the posts and overthese two lines of players. Because the thrower’s team mates know the crossbar. Three pointswhere the throw is likely to go, that team has an advantage in retaining are awarded for apossession. However, with speed of thought and movement, the successful kick.opposition can contest for the ball and the lineout frequently results in aturnover of possession. A team may choose not to kick for goal. Other optionsThe player who successfully catches the ball can keep it and set up a include a scrum, a ‘quickmaul, or can pass to the receiver (a player who stands next to the lineout penalty’ to bring the ball intoto wait for such a pass) who then passes to the fly half and on to the open play, or kicking forback line. touch (where the kicking team has the throw in to theLineout support resulting lineout). To allow players to catch high A free kick is throws in the lineout, it is awarded for permissible for the catcher to be less significant supported by team mates while offences. A jumping to catch the ball. team may not score points Safety is a prime concern here, directly from a and any player who is off the free kick. ground must be supported until that player returns to the ground. A team may A player may not be tackled opt for a while in the air, and holding, scrum instead Free kick shoving or levering on an signal of a free kick. opponent are all offences punishable with a penalty kick. 9
  10. 10. Becoming a Match officialsmatch official The match is under the control of the referee and two touch judges. Depending on the level at which the game is being played, there mayBecoming a referee or be other officials behind the scenes such as a time keeper ortouch judge is a unique way television match official to adjudicate on replays.to experience Rugby.Most people who becomematch officials have playedthe game themselves andare now looking to givesomething back to theGame they love, but thisdoes not necessarily have tobe the case. Anyone canlearn refereeing, even from ayoung age. In fact, foranyone aiming to get to thetop of the refereeingprofession, starting young isa good idea.As a match official, you areat the heart of the action The refereeand so see the game from a Before the match, the referee will usually speak to the front row playersunique perspective. It’s a (the props and the hookers) from both teams, to run through the scrumgreat way to get lots of good engagement procedure. This helps to focus the minds of all concernedexercise, and to test yourself on this essential phase of the game. The referee then organises the coinagainst many challenging toss with the captains prior to the match to decide who kicks off. Duringsituations. Refereeing is not the match itself, the referee is the sole judge of fact and of Law. It iseasy, but can be hugely essential that all players respect the referee’s decisions at all times.rewarding. Touch judgesTo become a qualified matchofficial, start by asking your Two judges, one on either side ofclub, regional body or the field of play, assist the refereenational Union about training in matters of when and where thecourses near you. The IRB ball goes into touch and on anyprovides courses for all other issues as required by thelevels of participant, from referee. The touch judges alsonovice through to adjudicate on the success orexperienced match official. otherwise of kicks at goal.A basic level training course Foul playcan be completed in oneday, and when combined Foul play is anything a player doeswith some game sense which is contrary to the letter andwhich can only be gained spirit of the Laws of the Game,through exposure to rugby including obstruction, unfair play,as a player or spectator, can dangerous play and misconduct.set you off on the road to The referee must sanctionbecoming a referee. appropriately for foul play.10
  11. 11. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby UnionWhy did the whistle blow?For anyone who is not familiar with the finer points of the Laws of Rugby it can sometimes be hard to tellwhy the referee has stopped play for an infringement. Here we look at some of the most common reasonswhy the whistle may have blown. Alongside is the signal you’ll see the referee make when eachcircumstance occurs during play. The signals for penalty and free kick are shown on page 9.Advantage being played Forward pass or knock onAdvantage can be applied to either Sometimes an attackminor infringements (e.g. knock- which seems to beon), or offences which would result heading towards thein a penalty (e.g. offside). The try line will bedecision has to be made by the stopped by thereferee as to whether there may be referee’s whistle.more benefit to the non-offendingteam if play continues. If no If a pass has goneadvantage occurs, the referee will forwards, or ablow the whistle and bring play back to the place of handling error has Forward pass Knock onthe original infringement which occurred prior to resulted in a knock-on, a scrum will have beenadvantage being played. awarded to the non-offending team.Failure to release player or ball Failure to roll awayAfter a tackle, the tackler Any players on the groundmust immediately release when a ruck or maul isthe ball carrier, and the ball formed must immediatelycarrier must immediately roll away from the ball, sorelease the ball. as to allow continuity of play for the team inFailure on either of these possession.counts limits a fair contestfor possession. If release Failure to do so will resultdoes not occur within a Failure to Failure to in the award of a penaltyreasonable time frame, the release player release ball to the non-offending team.referee will award a penaltyto the non-offending team.Joining ruck/maul from the side Unplayable ball at ruck or maulWhen joining a ruck or maul, all If the ballplayers must do so from behind becomesthe hindmost foot of their unplayable athindmost team mate. a ruck e.g. under playersIf they join from the side, they are who are onin an offside position and taking the ground,part in the game, and this will the referee will Unplayable at ruck Unplayable at maulimmediately be penalised with the award a scrum to the team going forward before theaward of a penalty to the ball became unplayable. For a maul the scrum goes toopposing team. the team not in possession when the maul began. 11
  12. 12. Becoming a The coachcoachBecoming a coach, andthereby helping others toenjoy the Game, can be afulfilling way to be involvedin Rugby.Most people who entercoaching are either formerplayers who want to givesomething back to Rugbyor parents who want tohelp their childrenexperience Rugby.Coaching can be a rich and The role of the coach varies greatly depending on the level at whichsatisfying experience, but it the team operates. At grass roots level it’s about developingis also a responsibility not to players - technically and personally - while at international level thebe taken lightly. coach is responsible for team selection, performance and results.Young people in the care of A coach takes on many interchangeable roles, such as leader, manager,today’s coaches are the next teacher and organiser. The coach needs to have a knowledge of thegeneration of players, Game and its Laws, motivation, physical fitness and an understandingreferees and volunteers, and of how to coach and impove players.the attitudes they learn fromtheir experiences can affect Replacements & substitutionsmany aspects of their lives. As well as the 15 players in the starting line up, a team can also haveAs a coach, you could help substitutes. The coach can make a pre-agreed number of substitutions,to give them the confidence for tactical reasons, during the course of the game. Players can also beto succeed, not only in replaced when injured, either temporarily while a player receivesRugby but also in life. treatment, or permanently if a player is unable to continue playing.Your club, regional body ornational Union will be able to Team spirithelp you start on the path tobecome a coach. A goodplace to start is with the IRBRugby Ready programme(see page 2) and you couldmove from there to a Level 1Coaching qualification - thistakes just one day and givesyou a grounding in thebasics of coaching. Another important role of the coach is to instill team spirit into the players. This is especially important at levels where the players take part for the fun of participation rather than the aim of winning.12
  13. 13. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby UnionTeam tactics Watching Rugby The pace and power of modern Rugby have made it one of the most exciting spectator sports around. Indeed, several aspects of the Game have evolved as a result of this mass audience appeal. Large screens Many stadiums now have large screens on which replays can be seen just moments after the actionThe source of endless debate, controversy and acclaim alike, has taken place.developing the right tactics can make or break a team’sperformance. Far from an easy proposition, but get it right, andyou’re the world’s greatest Rugby visionary - to your players, at least.Developing tactics requires a thorough understanding of your team’sstrengths. These tactics will be in part forward dominated and powerbased, and also reliant on the creation of space and use of pace. Asimportant, is an awareness of the team and individuals you’re up against -and the tactics they are likely to employ.Using power Using the physical strength of the forwards, in scrums and rolling mauls, can result in significant territory gain. Forward players can ‘pick and drive’ (gather the ball and take it Television match forward with the support of team official mates) until the moment is right Televised matches have an to release it to the backs. official who uses replays to advise the referee onCreating space decisions according to what the replays show.For all its many complexities,Rugby remains a simple game inessence. Points will be scored However you choose towhen a player is put into space watch the Game, don’t justand when an attacking team out- focus on the ball, trynumbers those in defence. concentrating on theAs such, Rugby’s holy grail lies in alignment of attackers andthe creation of space. There are many tactics geared towards this, but defenders and theprimarily it’s about winning quick ball to move the passage of play away positioning of certainfrom a concentration of players whilst injecting pace and creativity in players, e.g. fly half, numberattack to make space for a player to score. 8 and full back. 13
  14. 14. Experimental Rugby in its diversityLaw VariationsSometimes the IRB trialschanges to the Laws,before deciding whetherthose changes should beimplemented on a globalbasis and accepted into fullLaw. Such trials are calledExperimental LawVariations (ELVs). Sevens Sevens Rugby is played on a full size pitch by teams of seven playersSometimes, Experimental rather than fifteen. The game is shorter in duration, with each half lastingLaw Variations will apply seven minutes. Aside from that, the Laws vary very little from theonly in a certain region or, 15-a-side game, though of course because of the amount of spacefor example, only the available on the pitch, it is a very different game to watch. Sometimesnorthern or southern teams will choose to go backwards initially, drawing the oppositionhemisphere. towards them, creating space in other areas to then go forward in attack.Experimental Law Variations Other variations & small-sided gamescreate a challenge forplayers and coaches alike, There are various modified forms ofsince any change to the Rugby which are designed to allowLaws provides opportunities anyone to play in any circumstancesfor teams to adjust their with gradual development of skills.tactics to take advantage ofany additional freedom or Examples of these variationsrestriction brought about by include Tag, Touch, Tip, Flag andthe change. Beach Rugby. As an example, in tag, players wear tags which hangTherefore, it’s important for from a belt. Removal of one of these tag constitutes a tackle, and the balleveryone involved in Rugby carrier must then pass. One of the key attractions of these versions ofto keep abreast of any Rugby is that the non-contact nature means that people of all ages, bothchanges to the Laws. sexes and of any fitness level can play together on a variety of surfaces.Details of any current or U19 & age-gradeplanned ELVs can be Even after moving to a 15-a-sidefound at www.irb.com/elvs. game, there are still certain Law modifications which smooth the transition to the full version of Rugby. Details of U19 Law variations can be found in the IRB Law Book.14
  15. 15. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby UnionIRB training resources Finding aWhere to go from here clubThe IRB publishes a range of training and education resources The ethos of Rugbydesigned to help players, coaches, referees and enthusiasts learn embraces inclusion, andmore about Rugby Union and become more involved in the Game. you’re sure to find a warm welcome at your local Rugby club or indeed anyThe Laws of Rugby Union - book & DVD club anywhere in the world. Whether it’s for your ownThe IRB Law Book is published each year and is also available as an involvement, or becauseinteractive PC DVD-ROM. Your national Union may be able to provide you’d like to introduce youryou with a copy of the Laws in your language, or alternatively they are son or daughter to theavailable for download in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Traditional Game, your nearest club isChinese, Japanese and Italian at www.irb.com. the best place to start. Your national Union will be ableCoaching courses to provide a list of clubs in your country. Coaching courses are INTERNATIONAL RUGBY BOARD LEVEL 1 COACHING INTRODUCING RUGBY INTERNATIONAL RUGBY BOARD LEVEL 2 COACHING operated in various locations Volunteering in Rugby DEVELOPING RUGBY SKILLS around the globe on a regular One of the most rewarding basis. Each level of ways to be involved in qualification (1, 2 3 and Rugby is as a volunteer. Sevens) has an There are a wide range of accompanying reference roles for the volunteer, resource which also ranging from organisation incorporates a course and secretarial work through workbook. to ground care and assisting coaches and players.Officiating courses For match officials, and INTERNATIONAL RUGBY BOARD INTERNATIONAL RUGBY BOARD LEVEL 1 OFFICIATING INTRODUCING OFFICIATING LEVEL 2 OFFICIATING DEVELOPING OFFICIATING SKILLS anyone who wants to train as a coach of match officials, there is a series of training courses and accompanying resources available. Your club, regional body or national Union will be able to explain the process of enrolling on a course. 15
  16. 16. A Beginner’s Guide to Rugby Union INTERNATIONAL RUGBY BOARD Huguenot House, 35-38 St. Stephen’s Green, Dublin 2, Ireland Tel. +353-1-240-9200 Fax. +353-1-240-9201 Web. www.irb.com Copyright © International Rugby Board 2008. Permission is granted to reproduce this work for personal and educational use only. Copying, hiring, lending or distribution of the work for any commercial purpose is prohibited.If you want to know more, contact your local club or national Union or go to www.irb.com

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