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The Road to Revolution
 

The Road to Revolution

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Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution

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    The Road to Revolution The Road to Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • The Road to Revolution
    • • Colonies could trade only with England• Upset colonies who counted on trade and shipping for their economy
    • French and Indian War 1754-1763 Fought between England and France over the Ohio Valley, England won England taxed the colonists to help pay for the war
    • Land ceded to Britain after the French and Indian War
    • Effects of the War on Britain?1. It increased her colonial empire in the Americas. 2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3. Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary!
    • Effects of the War on the American Colonials1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time.2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated.3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify.
    • This political cartoon by Benjamin Franklin encouraged the colonies towork together during the French and Indian War. During this era, there was a superstition that a snake which had been cut into pieces would come back to life if the pieces were put together before sunset.
    • Proclamation of 1763Created the Proclamation Line to keep colonists from moving into the Ohio Valley Further upset colonists
    • Stamp Act - 1765 • A special tax put on all paper goods to pay for the F & I War • Colonists refused to pay the tax and would not buy (boycott) the items that were being taxed
    • Tar and Feathering
    • Tea Act - 1773 • Colonists were forced to buy tea from a British Company, so they boycotted the tea.
    • The Boston Tea Party- 1773 • Sons of liberty (a protest group) boarded British ships filled with tea and dumped the tea into the harbor.
    • Intolerable (or Coercive) Acts - 1774•England punished colonies for the Tea Party by closing Boston’s harbor until tea was paid for.
    • The Coercive or Intolerable Acts (1774) 1. Port Bill 2. Government Act 3. New Quartering ActLord North 4. Administration of Justice Act
    • First Continental Congress (1774)55 delegates from 12 coloniesAgenda  How to respond to the Coercive Acts & the Quebec Act? They also listed the problems they had with King George III 1 vote per colony represented.
    • Second Continental Congress -1776 • The Declaration of Independence was written. • Explained WHY the colonies were breaking away from England.
    • The Declaration
    • The Enlightenment and The American Revolution
    • Chain of Events
    • Parliament levies taxes on stamps to pay for the French and Indian War.
    • The Virginia House of Burgesses voteson a resolution claiming Parliament is practicing "taxation without representation" because Americans are not represented there.
    • Stamp tax collectors arrive, butresistance is strong. Some Americans burn tax collectors’ houses.
    • The British repeal the Stamp Act andParliament passes customs duties on lead, paper, paint, glass, and tea.
    • Colonists boycott British goods and smuggle foreign goods.
    • As imports decline ten thousandBritish troops arrive in America to help enforce tax laws and catch offenders.
    • A crowd of men and boys throw sticks and snowballs at British soldiersoutside the customs house in Boston.
    • British troops kill five men, andcolonists spread news of the "Boston Massacre."
    • Angry colonists join the Sons ofLiberty, the Daughters of Liberty, and Committees of Correspondence to create more active revolt.
    • To break Americans’ resistance totaxes, Parliament gives the British East India Company a monopoly on tea that helps lower the price.
    • Americans refuse to buy tea andcolonists disguised as Indians throw342 chests of tea into Boston harbor.
    • Parliament removes Boston’s self-government by passing the Intolerable Acts.
    • The colonies unite to aid the people of Massachusetts who are armingthemselves, and the First Continental Congress meets.
    • General Thomas Gage in sends Britishtroops from Boston to Lexington and Concord to destroy colonial military supplies.
    • Americans kill 250 British soldiers ontheir march back to Boston and begin to gather on hills around the city.
    • General Gage sends his men to capture Bunker (Breed’s) Hill. Fortypercent of his men die. The war is on.