Judicial Branch

766 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
766
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Judicial Branch

  1. 1. Judicial Branch – ARTICLE III
  2. 2. Federal Court Hierarchy
  3. 3. Government Body <ul><li>Headed by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Qualifications to be a Supreme Court Justice <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>None </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citizenship/Residency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>None </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Length of term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Term limit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. How are Federal Judges selected? <ul><li>All Federal Judges are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Jurisdiction? <ul><li>The authority to act, hear a case, investigate, or make an arrest </li></ul>
  7. 7. Original Jurisdiction <ul><li>Description </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The authority to be the first court to hear a case </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Courts with Original Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District Courts- ex: state crimes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court- ex: cases between states </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>What might be some reasons people would appeal their case? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Appellate Jurisdiction <ul><li>Description - The authority to hear a case on appeals </li></ul><ul><li>Courts with Appellate Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appellate courts- hear cases from district level in which there was an error in the case </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court- hears cases from Appellate level </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Limits on Congress and Court System <ul><li>Ex post facto – allowing a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed. (CAN’T) </li></ul><ul><li>Writ of habeas corpus – a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person. (MUST) </li></ul><ul><li>Bill of attainder – a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court. (CAN’T) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Powers of the Supreme Court <ul><li>Can declare laws unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Settles disputes involving the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Settles disputes between the states </li></ul><ul><li>Can declare executive action unconstitutional </li></ul>
  12. 12. Judicial checks on other branches <ul><li>Checks on Legislative: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can declare laws unconstitutional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Checks on Executive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can declare actions of the president or executive branch unconstitutional </li></ul></ul>

×