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Judicial Branch
 

Judicial Branch

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    Judicial Branch Judicial Branch Presentation Transcript

    • Judicial Branch – ARTICLE III
    • Federal Court Hierarchy
    • Government Body
      • Headed by
        • Supreme Court
    • Qualifications to be a Supreme Court Justice
      • Age
        • None
      • Citizenship/Residency
        • None
      • Length of term
        • Life
      • Term limit
        • one
    • How are Federal Judges selected?
      • All Federal Judges are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate
    • What is Jurisdiction?
      • The authority to act, hear a case, investigate, or make an arrest
    • Original Jurisdiction
      • Description
        • The authority to be the first court to hear a case
      • Courts with Original Jurisdiction
        • District Courts- ex: state crimes
        • Supreme Court- ex: cases between states
      • What might be some reasons people would appeal their case?
    • Appellate Jurisdiction
      • Description - The authority to hear a case on appeals
      • Courts with Appellate Jurisdiction
        • Appellate courts- hear cases from district level in which there was an error in the case
        • Supreme Court- hears cases from Appellate level
    • Limits on Congress and Court System
      • Ex post facto – allowing a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed. (CAN’T)
      • Writ of habeas corpus – a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person. (MUST)
      • Bill of attainder – a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court. (CAN’T)
    • Powers of the Supreme Court
      • Can declare laws unconstitutional
      • Settles disputes involving the United States
      • Settles disputes between the states
      • Can declare executive action unconstitutional
    • Judicial checks on other branches
      • Checks on Legislative:
        • Can declare laws unconstitutional
      • Checks on Executive
        • Can declare actions of the president or executive branch unconstitutional