Goal 6
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  • 1. Goal 6: The Law
  • 2. Influences on American Law
    Code of Hammurabi
    Ten Commandments
    English Common Law
    Roman Law (Jurisprudence)
  • 3. Code of Hammurabi
    Definition
    First set of written laws with punishments
    Influence
    Breaking the law = consequence
    ex: death, cut off hand
  • 4.
  • 5. Ten Commandments
    Definition
    Set of moral laws
    Ex: don’t kill, don’t steal, don’t cheat
    Influence
    Established moral laws in America
    Ex: don’t kill, don’t steal, don’t cheat
  • 6. English Common Law
    Definition
    English courts use previous cases to decide crimes and punishments
    Influence
    The use of precedence in American court system
  • 7. Roman Law (Jurisprudence)
    Definition
    The study of the law as a profession
    Influence
    Law School, Lawyers & Judges
  • 8. The 4 Types of Laws
    Common/Civil Law
    Criminal/Statutory Law
    Administrative Law
    Constitutional Law
  • 9. Common/Civil Law
    Description
    Laws that deal with conflicts between people
    Examples
    Divorce Law, injunctions
  • 10. Criminal/Statutory Law
    Description
    A state penal code (statute)
    Example
    Theft, arson, assault, robbery
  • 11. Administrative Law
    Description
    A law created by a government agency
    Example
    Restaurant ratings, ‘bleeped’ words on the radio
  • 12. Constitutional Law
    Description
    A Law created by the Constitution
    Example
    No poll tax (24th Amendment), segregated schools (14th Amendment)
  • 13. Government Agencies
  • 14. Center for Disease Control
    CDC
    promotes health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability
  • 15. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    The CIA is an independent agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior US policymakers. The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) is nominated by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate.
  • 16. CPSC
    protect consumers from risks of injuries associated with products
  • 17. Federal Aviation Administration
    FAA
    regulates aviation to promote safety and operates a system of air traffic control
  • 18. FDA
    Regulates food, dietary supplements, prescription drugs, cosmetics and medical devices (makes sure these products are safe to consume for use)
  • 19. Federal Emergency Management Agency
    FEMA
    strives to reduce the loss of life and property from all hazards, including natural disasters and acts of terrorism by teaching people how to get through a disaster, will also help people get back on their feet after a disaster
  • 20. Federal Communications Commission
    FCC
    regulate communication, including radio, television, wire, satellite and cable
  • 21. US Citizenship and Immigration Services
    USCIS
    regulates immigration and naturalization services. Settles immigrant visa petitions, naturalization petitions, and asylum and refugee applications.
  • 22. Internal Revenue Service
    IRS
    helps Americans understand and meet their tax responsibilities. Applies the tax law fairly to all
  • 23. Drug Enforcement Administration
    DEA
    enforces controlled substance laws. Investigates and prosecutes violators of controlled substance laws. The DEA also seeks prosecution of criminals and drug gangs who perpetrate violence in our communities
  • 24. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
    ATF
    Regulates the firearms and explosives industries to prevent terrorism, reduce violent crime, acts of arson, and illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products.
  • 25. Law Enforcement and Informing the Public
    Turn to page 3 of your qualifier
  • 26. Law Enforcement
    Find your Law Enforcement graphic organizer we have already completed and put them in your notes. You have 7 minutes to get this completed!
  • 27. Law Enforcement Agencies
  • 28. Police
    Jurisdiction
    Town or City (CMPD)
    Job
    Carry out the everyday tasks (traffic, arrests, 911 calls)
  • 29. Sheriff
    Jurisdiction
    County (Mecklenburg)
    Job
    Serve warrants, oversee jails, transport prisoners, courthouse security
  • 30. State Trooper(Highway Patrol)
    Jurisdiction
    State (N.C.)
    Job
    Patrol interstates, enforce commerce laws, assist local police
  • 31. State Bureau of Investigation(SBI)
    Jurisdiction
    State (N.C.)
    Job
    Investigate criminal activities that deal with more than one part of the state
  • 32. Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI)
    Jurisdiction
    Country (U.S.)
    Job
    Investigate criminal activities that include more than one state
  • 33. Drug Enforcements Agency(DEA)
    Jurisdiction
    Country (U.S.)
    Job
    Investigate and arrest in drug related crimes
  • 34. Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms(ATF)
    Jurisdiction
    Country (U.S.)
    Job
    Catch criminals of alcohol, tobacco, or firearm use
  • 35. Secret Service
    Jurisdiction
    U.S. and rest of World
    Job
    Protect the President and other top officials
    Investigate counterfeiting (fake $) crimes
  • 36. Law Enforcement CHALLENGE!!!
    Decide which law enforcement agency will be involved in the following scenarios.
    Don’t show your answers until told to do so. This way you are protecting your team.
  • 37. Scenario #1
    Jeremiah is driving an tractor trailer down I-77 30mph over the speed limit.
    STATE TROOPER
  • 38. Scenario #2
    A warrant is out for the arrest of Jasmine who robbed two old ladies on Sunday.
    SHERIFF
  • 39. Scenario #3
    A farmer in Cabarrus County is growing an illegal substance in one of his fields
    Drug Enforcement Agency
    (DEA)
  • 40. Scenario #4
    There is a Timbaland concert at Bobcats Arena and traffic needs to be controlled.
    POLICE
  • 41. Scenario #5
    Two murder crimes, one in Charlotte, the other in Wilmington, have been linked together.
    STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (SBI)
  • 42. Scenario #6
    A wine maker is transporting bottles across the country without the proper permit.
    Alcohol Tobacco and Firearm
    (ATF)
  • 43. Scenario #7
    Terrorists in New York are talking to terrorists in Los Angles about another attack on the U.S.
    Federal Bureau of Investigation
    (FBI)
  • 44. Scenario #8
    There is a riot in uptown Charlotte after the Panthers lose the Super Bowl by 1 point.
    POLICE
  • 45. Scenario #9
    CMPD needs help finding Ms. Huckaby, who fell off a boat on Lake Norman.
    STATE TROOPER
  • 46. Scenario #10
    Black market DVD’s a being smuggled into the U.S. along the eastern states.
    FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI)
  • 47. Scenario #11
    Snipers are shooting innocent civilians in Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia.
    FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI)
    OR
    ALCOHOL TOBACCO and FIREARM (ATF)
  • 48. Scenario #12
    Ms. Nall is being brought to trial for the murder of a student who didn’t do his homework. Security is needed at the courthouse.
    SHERIFF
  • 49. Scenario #13
    Mr. Leichner was murdered in his Mecklenburg County home, but his body was found in a Gaston County park.
    STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (SBI)
  • 50. Scenario #14
    A huge drug bust is about to take place in Charlotte.
    Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
  • 51. Scenario #15
    The President is traveling to Iraq to surprise the troops during Thanksgiving.
    SECRET SERVICE
  • 52. When different law enforcement agencies from two areas of jurisdiction work together to return a suspect to the place of a crime, it is known as _________________.
    EXTRADITION
  • 53. What is retribution?
    A criminals payment to society for committing a crime.
    Prison time, fine, death penalty, re$titution
  • 54. What is re$titution?
    A criminal pays the victim money as part of his or her punishment
    DISCUSS: How is restitution different from a fine?
  • 55. What are possible punishments for a convicted Felon?
    Prison
    Death Penalty
    Loss of privilege
    Restitution
  • 56. What are possible punishments for someone guilty of a misdemeanor?
    Fine
    Community Service
    Probation
    Jail time
  • 57. What are possible punishments for convicted minor?
    Juvenile Detention
    Probation
    Community Service
    Boot Camp
    THE GOAL IS REHABILITATION!!!!
  • 58. The “Full faith & credit clause”
    Page 3, #4
    Allows one states to uphold the laws of another state.
    EX: A 15 year old S.C. can drive by herself in N.C.
  • 59. What is meant by the statement…
    “Ignorance of the law is no excuse”?
    A person who is unaware of the law cannot escape liability for violating the law merely because they were unaware of the law.
    Discuss: Is this a good policy?
  • 60. Ways citizens can inform themselves of new laws…
    attend town meetings,
    public hearings, or
    public forums
    media
    utilizing government publications and websites
  • 61. Ways the government can inform citizens of new laws
    public debates
    franking privilege
    press releases
    update government publications and websites
    Examples
    Click it or ticket campaigns
    Move over laws
  • 62. Retribution
    Turn to page 3 of your qualifier!!!
    Define retribution –
    Punishment given after being convicted of a crime.
  • 63. Types of Punishments (Retribution) for convicted felon
    Turn back to page 8
    Prison terms of substantial length
    Loss of Privileges such as professional licenses, public offices, or public employment, driver’s license
    Capital Punishment-a sentence of public execution
    Restitution- pay money to the victim or the judicial system
  • 64. Types of punishments- guilty of a misdemeanor
    Prison lasting usually no longer than 12 months. Sometimes even part time imprisonment, weekend stays, etc..
    Community Service
    Fines
    Probation
  • 65. Types of punishment – convicted minor (<18yrs)
    Boot Camp programs instill discipline, education, and civic responsibility in youth offenders.
    Probation a suspended jail sentence for the convicted to be rehabilitated by the community
    Community Service
    House Arrest
  • 66. What is the goal in punishing minors compared to punishing adults??
    rehabilitation – to correct the wrong decisions of minors in hopes they will not make bad decisions when they are adults
  • 67. Supreme Court CasesGoal 6
  • 68. Korematsu v. United States (1944)
    Amendment at question?
    14th (equal protection)
    Story
    Japanese-Americans forced to move from the west coast to internment camps during WWII
    Impact
    Can take away civil rights of a single racial group if protecting national security
  • 69. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)
    Amendment at question
    14th amendment (equal protection)
    Story
    White student rejected by a medical school even though his GPA was higher than some minority students. Bakke claimed reverse discrimination.
    Impact
    Race can be one of the factors when choosing students for a diverse student body. Quotas (a set number) are not allowed.
  • 70. New Jersey V. TLO (1985)
    Amendment
    4th searches and seizures
    14th equal protection
    Story
    Accused of smoking in bathroom, was searched and had cigarettes, marijuana, and evidence that she was dealing drugs. Claimed evidence obtained by “unreasonable” search
    Impact
    Schools can search as long as there is a “reasonable suspicion” do not have to prove “probable cause”
  • 71. Roe v. Wade (1973)
    Amendment
    9th (right to privacy)
    Story
    Texas woman challenged the state law forbidding abortion
    Impact
    Court upheld a woman’s right to choose whether or not to end her pregnancy through the 1st trimester (1st 3 months)
  • 72. Texas v. Johnson (1989)
    Amendment
    1st (freedom of speech)
    Story
    Man arrested for burning a flag which violated Texas state law
    Impact
    Flag burning is protected under free speech/protest
  • 73. What types of cases does the US Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?
    Disputes between states
    Conflicts with foreign gov’ts or officials
  • 74. What are the two sides of a civil trial?
    Plaintiff v. defense
    What do these two sides usually end up doing about their dispute? Why?
    Settling outside of court because court fees are expensive