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Amendments

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Bill of Rights and other amendments

Bill of Rights and other amendments

Published in Education
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  • You are only partly right, Slaves had no rights but free blacks in northern states DID vote. Women could not vote but they had right of property,, to testify in court, freedoms oft religion ,speech, press, in fact all ten of the Bill of Rights.
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  • 1. Extending the Bill Of Rights Protecting All Americans
  • 2.
    • Bill of rights originally protects only adult white males
      • Women could not vote
      • African Americans had no rights at all
  • 3. Purpose
    • Limit the national government
    • State and local used the reserved powers to limit civil rights
  • 4. Three Amendments after the Civil War
    • 13 th Amendment
      • Officially outlawed slavery, did not guarantee full rights
    • 14 th Amendment was a response to the black codes (1868)
      • A US citizen was anyone who was born or naturalized in the US, which included most African Americans
      • Every state had to give its citizens “equal protection under the laws”
    • 15 th Amendment
      • No state has the right to take away suffrage (right to vote) from anyone on the basis of race, color, or previous enslavement
  • 5. 15 th Amendment
    • Designed to guarantee suffrage to African Americans
      • Many states get around
      • Women could not vote
      • States still found a way to restrict voting
  • 6. 1913-1971
    • Congress passed 5 amendments to make suffrage more widespread and elections more democratic
  • 7. 17 th Amendment (1913)
    • Allowed for direct election of senators
      • Before this time senators were elected by state legislators
  • 8. 19 th Amendment (1920)
    • Before 1920 states made their own laws with regard to women voting
    • Guaranteed women the right to vote in all national and state elections
  • 9. 23 rd Amendment
    • Before 1961 people living in Washington DC could not vote in national elections
    • Guaranteed voters in Washington DC the right to vote for president and vice president
  • 10. 24 th Amendment
    • Made poll taxes illegal in national elections
  • 11. 26 th Amendment (1971)
    • Guaranteed the right to vote to people 18 and older for national and state elections
  • 12. Other Amendments
    • 16 th - allows Congress to levy an income tax
    • 18 th - Prohibition
    • 20 th - deals with the beginning and ending of terms for the public officials
    • 21 st -Repealed prohibition
    • 22 nd - established the Presidential term limit
    • 25 th -clarified the filling of Presidential vacancy
    • 27 th ratified in 1992, 202 years after it was submitted and deals with congressional salaries,