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13 Colonies


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  • 1. 13 Colonies
  • 2. New England Colonies
    Rhode Island
    New Hampshire
  • 3. New England
    Climate and Physical Features
    Rocky Soils
    Short farming season
    Subsistence farming
    Bad farming conditions
    Great harbors for port
    Cities like Boston
  • 4. New England
    Economic Comparative Advantage
    Commercial businesses ($$$)
  • 5. New England
    Why colonies were started
    Religious freedom
    Pilgrims, Puritans fled England for Massachusetts
  • 6. The New England Colonies
    New Hampshire
    Rhode Island
  • 7. Rhode Island
    Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence
    Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)
    Major Cities: Providence
    Colony Named for: Dutch for "red island"
    Became a State: May 29, 1790
  • 8. Connecticut
    Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford
    Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing)
    Major Cities: Hartford, New Haven
    Colony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, "beside the long tidal river"
    Became a State: February 6, 1788
  • 9. Massachusetts
    Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay
    Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)
    Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord
    Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place")
    Became a State: February 6, 1788
  • 10. New Hampshire
    Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others
    Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding)
    Major Cities: Concord
    Colony Named for: county of Hampshire in England
    Became a State: June 21, 1788
  • 11. Middle Colonies
    New York
    New Jersey
  • 12. Middle Colonies
    Climate and Physical Features
    Good Soil
    Longer growing seasons than New England
    Ok Harbors
  • 13. Middle Colonies
    Economic Comparative Advantage
    Known as the “Breadbasket”
    Grew crops like wheat and corn
    Provided food for other colonies
    Some shipping and manufacturing
  • 14. Middle Colonies
    Why colonies were started
    Religious Freedom
    Make money through trade (New York and New Jersey)
  • 15. The Middle Colonies
    New York
    New Jersey
  • 16. Delaware
    Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit and others
    Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)
    Major Cities: Wilmington
    Colony Named for: named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr
    Became a State: December 7, 1787
  • 17. Pennsylvania
    Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia
    Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding)
    Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, York
    Colony Named for: William Penn and sylvania, Latin for "forest"
    Became a State: December 12, 1787
  • 18. New York
    Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others, on Manhattan Island
    Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat)
    Major Cities: New York City, Albany
    Colony Named for: Duke of York
    Became a State: July 26, 1788
  • 19. New Jersey
    Founded: 1664 by English colonists
    Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering)
    Major Cities: Trenton, Princeton
    Colony Named for: Isle of Jersey in England
    Became a State: December 18, 1787
  • 20. Southern Colonies
    North Carolina
    South Carolina
  • 21. Southern Colonies
    Climate and Physical Features
    Great Soil
    Warm Weather
    Very long growing seasons
    Bad harbors
  • 22. Southern Colonies
    Economic Comparative Advantage
    Focused on farming cash crops
    Large plantation farms for tobacco, cotton, and indigo
    Almost no shipping
  • 23. Southern Colonies
    Why colonies were started
    Almost all were started to make money by growing cash crops
    Maryland was started for religious freedom
    A place for criminals/ debtors
  • 24. Southern Colonies
    North Carolina
    South Carolina
  • 25. Maryland
    Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore
    Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo)
    Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis
    Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England
    Became a State: April 28, 1788
  • 26. Virginia
    Founded: 1607 by John Smith and others, at Jamestown
    Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn)
    Major Cities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, Richmond
    Colony Named for: England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth I
    Became a State: June 25, 1788
  • 27. North Carolina
    Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists
    Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco)
    Major Cities: Raleigh
    Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England
    Became a State: November 21, 1789
  • 28. South Carolina
    Founded: 1663 by English colonists
    Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle)
    Major Cities: Charleston
    Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England
    Became a State: May 23, 1788
  • 29. Georgia
    Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe and others
    Major Industry: Agriculture (indigo, rice, sugar)
    Major Cities: Savannah
    Colony Named for: England's King George II
    Became a State: January 2, 1788
  • 30. Reasons why the colonies began
    God – Religious Freedoms
    The Puritans and the Pilgrims fled from England to the colonies
    Glory – Wanted the fame of starting a new country
    Gold – People could make lots of money in the colonies especially on plantations
  • 31. The Development of Democratic Ideas
  • 32. Magna Carta-1215
    1st document to limit power of English rulers
    Kings and queens must obey the law too!
    Major step toward constitutional government
    Where? - England
  • 33. Colonial Government – 1600s
    The governor of colony represented King
    Colonists voted for members of a legislature (assembly)
  • 34.
    • DISCUSS: In colonial government, assemblies controlled the salary of the governor. How is this an examples of Montisqieu’s separation of power?
  • Virginia House of Burgesses-1619
    1st representative assembly in America
    Beginning of representative government
    Where? South
  • 35. Mayflower Compact - 1620
    1st document to establish self-government, popular sovereignty and rule of law in the colonies
    Where? New England
  • 36. New England Town Meetings - 1629
    Meeting for townspeople to express themselves openly
    Helped further direct democracy as self-government in the colonies
    One vote/one person
    Where? New England
  • 37. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- 1639
    1st written constitution in the American colonies
    Began a pattern of the colonists securing guaranteed rights.
    constitution = a written plan for government
    Where? New England
  • 38. Maryland Toleration Act - 1649
    1st document to recogonize religious freedom in the colonies
    model for the 1st Amendment of the Constitution
    Where? Southern
  • 39. Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)
    Governor William Berkeley agreed to keep settlers from taking Native American land.
    Nathaniel Bacon disagreed strongly and led attacks on colonial government
    Rebellion against an oppressive government
    Where? South
  • 40. English Bill of Rights (1689)
    List of rights for the English citizens
    Where? England
    Today where can US citizens look to find rights that are given?
  • 41. Peter Zenger Trial - 1734
    First case to protect the idea of freedom of the press in the colonies
    Where? Middle
  • 42. Enlightenment Thinkers
  • 43. Enlightenment Thinkers Ideas
    They argued that the laws of nature also applied to human life and society.
  • 44. John Locke (England)
    • All humans have “natural rights”
    • 45. Life
    • 46. Liberty
    • 47. Property
    • 48. In order to have their “natural rights” protected, humans give up certain freedoms to Government
    • 49. If gov’t does NOT protect your Rights, citizens can OVERTHROW it!!!
    • DISCUSS: When you go through airport security, what freedoms might you give up? Which one of your “natural rights” is the government protecting?
  • Baron de Montesquieu (France)
    Believed too much power in one place is dangerous for others
    Introduced “Separation of Powers” between branches of government
    Ex: England’s Government
    King-enforced laws
    Parliament-made laws
    Judges-interpreted laws
  • 50.
    • DISCUSS: What might happen if Police Officers were the ones who determined the people they arrested guilty instead of judges or juries?
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (France)
    Humans will destroy themselves if they don’t give up some freedoms
    Humans create a “social contract” with government to protect themselves
  • 51.
    • Discuss: How are speed limits examples of the social contract?
  • Voltaire (France & England)
    Believed in Civil Liberties
    Trial by Jury of peers
    Freedom of Religion
    Freedom of Speech
  • 52.
    • DISCUSS: Voltaire once said:“I may not agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your RIGHT to say it.”What do you think he meant by that?