CORRUPTION“Corruption is the misuse ofentrusted power for privategain”– Transparency International
Effects of Corruption• Obstructs democracy• Inhibits development• Leads to apathy and distrust• Degrades the environment
Corruption in INDIA
Corruption in Politics• Criminalization of Indian politics is a main problem.• In July 2008 Washington Times reported that nearly a fourthof the 540 Indian Parliament members faced criminalcharges, "including kidnaps, rape and even murder".• At state level, things are often worse.
Corruption Perception IndexYEAR RANK RATING200571 2.7 OUT OF91 COUNTRIES200671 2.7 OUT OF102 COUNTRIES200783 2.8 OUT OF133 COUNTRIES200890 2.8 OUT OF145 COUNTRIES200988 2.9 OUT OF158 COUNTRIES201070 3.3 OUT OF163 COUNTRIES201172 3.5 OUT OF179 COUNTRIES
• As with many developing nations, corruption is widespread in India.• India is ranked 72 out of a 179 countries in Transparency InternationalsCorruption Perceptions Index, although its score has improved consistently from2.7 in 2010 to 3.5 in 2011.• In 2012 India has ranked 94th out of 176 countries in TransparencyInternationals Corruption Perceptions Index, tiedwith Benin, Colombia, Djibouti,Greece, Moldova, Mongolia, and Senegal.
Index of Corruption by Indian states
Top Corruptions in INDIA• 2G Scam• Common Wealth Games Scam• Coal Mining Scam• Adarsh Housing Society
2G SCAM• Involved politicians and government officials in india illegallyunderchanging mobile telephony companies for frequencyallocation liscences, which they would then use to create 2Gsubscriptions for cell phones.• The shortfall between the money collected and the moneythat the law mandated to be collected is estimated to be176,645 crores.• The issuing of the 2G licenses occurred in 2008, but thescam came to public notice when the Indian Income TaxDepartment investigated political lobbyist Niira Radia andthe Supreme Court of India took Subramaniam Swamyscomplaints on record.
CHARGES ON FORMER TELECOMMINISTER A.RAJA• CHEAP TELECOM LICENSES• Entry fee for spectrum licenses in 2008 pegged at 2001 prices• Mobile subscriber base had shot up to 350 million in 2008 from 4million in2001.• NO PROCEDURES FOLLOWED• Rules changed after the game had begun.• Cut-off date for applications advanced by a week.• Licenses issued on a first-come-first-served basis.• No proper auction process followed, no bids invited.• Raja ignored advice of TRAI, Law Ministry, Finance Ministry.• TRAI had recommended auctioning of spectrum at market rates.
• Unitech, Swan Telecom got licenses without any prior telecomexperience .• Swan Telecom given license even though it did not meet eligibilitycriteria.• Swan got license for Rs.1537 crore, sold 45% stake to Etisalat forRs.4200 crore.• Unitech Wireless got license for Rs. 1661 crore, sold 60% stake for Rs.6200 crore.• All nine companies paid DOT only Rs.10,772 crore for 2G licences.