Anna hazare

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Who? Why? How? Where? and the LokpalBill Stint

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Anna hazare

  1. 1. Anna Hazare<br />Presented By:<br />Hina Bhatia<br />JatinBatra<br />HarlinKaur<br />SharalNorden<br />
  2. 2. KisanBaburaoHazare.<br />Born on 15th June, 1937 in Bhingar.<br />An Indian Social Activist and a Prominent Leader in the 2011 Indian Anti-Corruption Movement.<br />Who Is Anna Hazare ?<br />
  3. 3. RaleganSiddhi, a village in ParnerTaluka of Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra.<br />Awarded PadmaBhushan by the Government of India, 1992<br />Why is he so famous ?<br />
  4. 4. 1963<br />Anna Hazare started his<br />Career as a driver in the <br />Indian Army<br />Anna Hazare: The History<br />
  5. 5. 1963 – 1978, a 15 year long career.<br />A time of confusion. Contemplated Suicide.<br />Influenced by Swami Vivekananda, Gandhi and VinodBhave<br />1965: Indo-Pakistan War (posted at border Khem Karan Sector)<br />An Experience that changed his life forever.<br />Military Career<br />
  6. 6. Completed 48 Nalabunding work, contour trenches, staggered trenches, gully plugs, meadows development.<br />Afforestation of 500 Acre land.<br />Constructed 5 RCC weirs & 16 Gabion weirs.<br />Increase in ground level water. <br />Post Retirement: Mission RaleganSiddhi<br />
  7. 7. Improved cropping pattern according to the quality of the soil.<br />Led to increase in water table, by making water available for 1500 acres.<br />Improvement in crop yield, village becomes self-sufficient. <br />Mission RaleganSiddhi (contd.)<br />
  8. 8. Prohibition of Alcohol. <br />Started a Grain Bank, 1980.<br />Improvement of Milk production.<br />Removal of Untouchability.<br />Other Achievements at Ralegan<br />
  9. 9. Anti-Corruption Movement in Maharahtra.<br />1991 – Initiated BhrashtacharVirodhi Jan Andolan<br />Anna Hazare: Activism<br />
  10. 10. 6 Ministers were forced to resign.<br />More than 400 officers from different government were suspended.<br />BhrastacharVirodh Jan Andoloan<br />
  11. 11. 1997 - Campaign for Right to Information Act<br />2003 – President of India signed the draft of the Right to Information Act<br />Anna Hazare: Activism (contd.)<br />
  12. 12. Anna Hazare: The Biggest Stand<br />
  13. 13. Year 2011<br />Mr. Hazare initiated a Satyagraha for passing a stronger anti-corruption bill ,conceived as Jan Lokpal Bill<br />India Against Corruption<br />
  14. 14. Drafted by:<br />N. SantoshHegde – Former Justice of Supreme Court of India and Lokayukta of Karnataka<br />PrashantBhushan – Senior Lawyer in the Supreme court<br />ArvindKejriwal – A Social Activist<br />Jan Lokpal Bill<br />
  15. 15. Let’s understand JAN LOKPAL BILL<br />Institution of <br />Jan Lokpal at central govt level<br />Jan Lokayukta in each state<br />Correspondingly Jan Lokpal to accept corruption complaints against Central govtdept and Jan Lokayukta against state govt dept<br />Each will have 10 members and 1 chairperson<br />
  16. 16. Let’s understand JAN LOKPAL BILL<br />Will be completely Independent <br />Politicians and bureaucrats will not able to interfere in their functioning<br />Will get whatever financial resources they require and will be empowered to select and employ any number of employees from within the government or outside.<br />
  17. 17. How will it tackle CORRUPTION?<br />
  18. 18. Corruption at High Levels<br />Present System - Despite Evidence, No Punishment<br />Proposed System - Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta will ensure punishment for corruption… by:<br /><ul><li>Time bound investigations</li></ul>Investigation to be completed within 1 year<br />May employ more staff to complete within .<br /> time<br />
  19. 19. Corruption at High Levels<br />After investigation if proven guilty following 2 actions shall be taken:<br /><ul><li>Power to dismiss corrupt officers</li></ul>If complaint is proved, can remove a govt officer or impose departmental penalties <br /><ul><li>Time bound trial</li></ul>Will file a case in trial court<br />Trial in the court to complete & announce punishment within next 1 year<br />May direct the govt to set up additional courts<br /> to complete the trial in time <br />
  20. 20. Corruption at High Levels<br />Provision for: <br /><ul><li>Recovery of loss caused to govt </li></ul>During investigations, they shall ban transfer of assets of the accused<br />At the time of conviction, the court will assess the loss caused to the govt<br />Entire loss to be recovered from the assets of the accused <br />Currently no such provision<br /> in our existing laws<br />
  21. 21. Corruption at High Levels<br />Provision for:<br /><ul><li>Confiscation of Assets</li></ul>Each bureaucrat, politician and judge to submit their statement of moveable and immoveable assets every year<br />This will be declared publicly, on the official website<br />
  22. 22. Corruption at High Levels<br />Provision for:<br /><ul><li>Confiscation of Assets</li></ul>If an asset is found to be owned by a public servant later and undeclared, it will be deemed to be obtained through corruption<br />After each election, assets declared by each candidate to be verified <br />If undeclared assets are found, a case will be registered<br />
  23. 23. Corruption at High Levels<br />And most importantly Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta have: <br /><ul><li>Power to punish if its orders are not followed</li></ul>Can impose financial penalties on the guilty officials.<br />Initiate contempt proceedings against the guilty officials.<br />
  24. 24. Corruption at Low Levels<br />Common man is compelled to pay bribe <br />Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta will provide relief to the common as: <br /><ul><li>Each govt dept will have to make Citizen’s Charter</li></ul>Charter specifies who does what job and in how much time<br />Eg. charter will tell X officer will make ration card in Y days<br />
  25. 25. Corruption at Low Levels<br />If Charter is not followed, then people can complain to the Head of that department who will be designated as the Public Grievance Officer (PGO)<br />PGO will redress the complaint within 30 days maximum <br />
  26. 26. Corruption at Low Levels<br />If PGO doesn’t satisfy the complainant, then a complaint can be made to the Vigilance officer of Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta.<br />When a complaint is made to Jan Lokpal or Jan Lokayukta, it will be deemed to have corruption angle. <br />
  27. 27. Corruption at Low Levels<br />The Vigilance Officer will have to <br />Solve the grievance in 30 days<br />Impose penalty on the guilty officers which will be given to the Complainant as compensation<br />Start investigations of corruption against guilty officers <br />
  28. 28. Comparison<br />
  29. 29. Comparison<br />
  30. 30. Comparison<br />
  31. 31. Comparison<br />
  32. 32. Comparison<br />
  33. 33. How Did Anna Hazare Make the difference?<br />
  34. 34. TimeLine of Protests<br />
  35. 35. Timeline of Protests (cont.)<br />
  36. 36. Criticism of Lokpal Bill<br />
  37. 37. PratapBhanu Mehta, writes, that the bill “is premised on an institutional imagination that is at best <br /> Naïve; at worst subversive of <br /> representative democracy”<br />Naïve Approach<br />
  38. 38. KapilSibal<br />“it will lack accountability, be oppressive and undemocratic.” <br />
  39. 39. Including Prime Minister of India and higher Judiciary under Lokpal<br />Justice Verma, Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, <br />“this would foul the basic structure of the constitution”<br />Scope of Lokpal Bill<br />
  40. 40. Vesting jurisdiction in a single institution, and too much work will make it difficult to carry out tasks. <br />Aruna Roy<br />
  41. 41. Maoists and Jan Lokpal Bill seek a single goal – Overthrowing of Indian Government.<br />Anna Hazare maybe Gandhian, his demands are not<br />Gandhiji’s idea was Decentralization of Power.<br />Arundhati Roy<br />
  42. 42. Support of Lokpal Bill<br />
  43. 43. India Against Corruption conducted a referendum on the Draft of Lokpal Bill.<br />85% of the people participating in the referendum voted against the Government Version of Lokpal Bill.<br />Surveys<br />
  44. 44. Several MPs have come out in support of the Lokpal Bill.<br />Legislator Support<br />
  45. 45. Anna Hazare’s fast mobilized support of thousands in the virtual world<br />Social Media<br />
  46. 46. According to Surveys conducted by STAR NEWS and NEILSEN – 87% of 8900 respondents supported Lokpal Bill.<br />Over a Million of People joined Times of India Online anti-graft Campaign<br />Online Surveys<br />
  47. 47. What Anna Hazare is wanting to Achieve ?<br />
  48. 48. Does The Fight Ends Here?<br />
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