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Linux basics and Live CD's

Linux basics and Live CD's

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  • 1. Linux FAQ’s
    • Why Linux is not as user friendly as Windows?
    • Why are there so Many distros / live CD’s?
    • Which Distro is best?
    • Why does Linux matter when Windows is doing what I want it to do?
    • Which Live CD do you really use at least once in a week?
  • 2. Linux GUI issues
    • It’s loyal to it’s core
    • I mean it’s tightly integrated with the command line interface of the OS
    • It was designed, developed and used by techies.
    • The end user feels confused
  • 3. Why Linux
    • Localized Software
    • Flexibility
    • Supports Old Hardware
    • Performance
    • Quality
    • Availability
    • Support
    • Cost
    • Security
  • 4. Why many Linux Distros?
    • There are different distros for different people, purpose and processes
  • 5. different distros for different people, purpose and process
    • People * For Techies - Fedora, suse * For beginners - Ubuntu, Puppy * For Support people – Knoppix * For Music lovers – musix, movix
    • Purpose * Games * Education * Science - Scientific Linux * Languages - BOSS for hindi * Religious - Muslim Live CD
    • Processes Linux LiveCD Router or GParted LiveCD
  • 6. Linux Installation Options Linux Live CD Installation Light weight DSL / Puppy Full featured Knoppix / Ubuntu Install Option
  • 7. Number of Applications and Users are growing
  • 8. Windows History
    • Windows 3.1 early 90’s
    • Windows 95 Launched in Nov 96
    • Windows 98
    • Windows 2000 and XP
    • And Now Windows Vista AFTER 7 YEARS OF DEVELOPMENT!!
  • 9. Windows is NOT keeping Pace with the growth
  • 10. Why?
    • Developers in the future will need more flexibility and room to extend the OS
    • Open Source is the solution
    • Free is the right price
    • Linux is here and will change the computing in the long run
  • 11. Enough Windows bashing
  • 12. What is my point?
  • 13. Which Distro do I really use?
  • 14. Puppy Linux
  • 15.  
  • 16. Why?
  • 17. Why?
    • Extremely lightweight – 60 MB
    • Boots in RAM Therefore extremely fast
    • All needed applications bundled together
    • Easily open word / excel files (once you mount the hard drives)
    • Connect to the LAN easily
    • Option to connect and work on the windows network
  • 18. Puppy listed at No. 18 at (March 31, 07)
  • 19. Wizards
    • Click on Desktop and choose Wizard
    • Choose Network – Connect to network
    • For Anything and Everything there is a wizard
    • People love wizards and NOT commands!
  • 20. Boot into RAMdisk
    • FAST
    • Frees the CD Drive
    • you won’t hear much noise coming from your hard drive!
    • And the beauty of working entirely in RAM is that whatever phishing and spyware is going on won’t make it to the hard disk!
  • 21. Why not have your O/S run from RAM all the time?
  • 22. Think: How about Linux based Thin Client?
  • 23. Boot from other media
    • To create a Puppy Linux boot thumb drive, you simply choose the option "Install Puppy USB card" under Setup on the Start Menu.
    • The script will give you the instructions for creating the thumb drive.
    • ease with which Puppy Linux can generate a bootable USB thumb drive version of itself.
  • 24. The killer feature : rdesktop
    • rdesktop allows you to use any Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 server exactly as if you were sitting directly in front of it.
    • an open-source version of the Windows NT Terminal Server client.
    • put my server's IP address in the data entry block below the heading server. For e.g.
    • For the options heading, I would enter -a24 (for 24-bit color) and -f (for full screen)
    • As soon as I selected OK, the screen would display my Microsoft XP login screen.
    • Once I am logged in, it would be as if I were working directly on my Microsoft XP server.
  • 25. Highlights:
    • Puppy Linux is not based on any other distribution. Puppy use a different binary package format than the more popular distros.
    • unlike Damn Small Linux, which was originally derived from KNOPPIX
    • Creator and lead developer Barry Kauler wrote almost everything from scratch.
    • Giving way to many unique ideas that have captured the interest of Linux users
  • 26. Applications: out of the box
    • GAIM messenger which handles all the major IMs like Yahoo! and MSN.
    • pdf reader
    • An Internet suite, firewall, media player, word processor, FTP program, spreadsheet program, DVD/CD player/burner, and an IRC client
  • 27. Word Processor: Abi word
  • 28. Puppy Linux with gxine playing DVD
  • 29. Puppy Skins
    • scroll down to the section on WindowManagers
    • Click on "IceWM Full" and download it
    • After that, grab "IceWM Menu for Puppy" and "XP Theme for IceWM."
    • Use the filemanager, Rox, to install the applications you downloaded
    • get out of X Windows by hitting alt-ctrl-backspace
    • Once you are back at the command line, type in startx
    • Puppy will now have a new look and feel
    • You can then test out the available themes under the Start Menu --> Themes
    • Needs more than 64 MB RAM for storage
  • 30. Puppy Skin
  • 31. Install extra packages
    • Install extra packages not found on the main distribution by using Puppy-Unleashed compressed (.tgz) archives.
    • Official way to install extra packages: PupGet
    • Unofficial way to install : DotPup
    • the installation is so simple that even a novice could do it
    • Both are intuitive, providing a large range of open source software packages for every taste and purpose.
  • 32. Official way to install extra packages: PupGet
    • Go to the start menu and chose PupGet.
    • A green window will pop up.
    • Chose the Install or remove packages and a list of applications that you can add will pop up. The system will download and then, using the file manager the system will find the files and a simple click on the program will install.
    • Once the new files are installed, you have to stop X windows in order for the new applications to become accessible.
    • Ctrl-alt-backspace will stop X windows and you can restart by typing startx.
  • 33. Unofficial way to install : DotPup
    • it provids a long list of third-party software built by Puppy Linux enthusiasts.
    • Since Puppy supports Unionfs (if you specify the option at boot prompt), software packages can also be installed while in "live CD" mode.
  • 34. Save your data on to the Live CD
    • Remaster is SO EASY
    • Puppy Linux allows you to save your data on a CDROM version of itself.
    • It means that you can create a live Puppy Linux CD that has all the documents you need to carry with you
  • 35. Create and distribute applications with OS
    • EduPup - to let the children to learn computers having some fun at the same time with TuxPaint, TuxType and TuxMath.
    • Hacao - a Vietnamese-language Puppy
    • Grafpub - for digital imaging professionals and graphic artists with GIMP, Inkscape, scribus
  • 36. Games
  • 37. Thank You