Piaget’s CognitiveDevelopment Theory Piagets theory is about cognitive development (how we learn). Piaget believes that we go through 4 stages of cognitive growth. You cannot go by age when judging where a child is within his theory, you must do this through observation.
Stages of the Cognitive Development Theory Sensory Motor (0-2)- Concrete operational (7-11) learning through senses classifying *has to acquire objective sorting permanence. prediction Pre operational (2-7) hands on Has object permanence *reversibility they communicate words Formal Operational questions hypothetical deductive egocentric reasoning *Must acquire irreversibility *abstract reasoning
Key ComponentsA central component of Piagets developmental theory of learning and thinking is that both involve the participation of the learner. Knowledge is not merely transmitted verbally but must be constructed and reconstructed by the learner. The learner must be active.
Key Components cont’d Children cannot learn something until maturation gives them certain prerequisites. The ability to learn any cognitive content is always related to their stage of intellectual development. Children who are at a certain stage cannot be taught the concepts of a higher stage.
Piaget and Teaching In the preoperational stage, it is important to confront children with opinions and being dynamically involved with objects and processes will help a child to build the cognitive structures necessary for logical thought. When children get into the concrete operational stage, it is important for them to have many interactions with concrete material. It is also important for teachers to realize what stage their students are in, so they can teach accordingly.http://calteach.ucsc.edu/aboutus/documents/Webb-Piaget.pdf