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CLASS 1
SM2002/ B 2014

THE ART
OF EDITING
PERSEVERANCE, INTUITION, FEAR &
FAILURE
WHY ARE YOU
HERE?
• What do you bring to the table?
• What would you like to learn?
• Participation and sharing
• Don’t be...
COURSE
DESCRIPTION
& AIMS
What is editing?
More than a technical skill, it is an art!
Editing is an art of composing space...
• SELECTION
• TIMING
• ARRANGEMENT

WHY IS THE EDITOR
IMPORTANT?
COURSE OUTLINE &
WHAT WE WILL DO
Editing Assignments:
1. Action Continuity
2. Shoot for the Edit
3. Music Video
4. Trailer...
CLASSICS
"... Editing is a lot about patience and
discipline and just banging away at
something, turning off the machine and
going ...
ALCHEMY

“The essence of cinema is editing. It's the combination of what can be extraordinary
images of people during emot...
PERSEVERANCE
INTUITION
FEAR
FAILURE
EDITING CONCEPTS
1.

ACTION CONTINUITY

2.

ACTION / REACTION (Cause & Effect)

3.

CONSTRUCTION OF TIME

(Flashbacks, fla...
STAGES IN THE
EDITING PROCESS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Digitizing footage
Organizing and Naming footage
First Assembly
Rough cut...
HISTORY OF EDITING:
1895 ONWARDS
When the first motion pictures were created, editing did not exist.
A single shot was a s...
HISTORY OF EDITING:
STORY OF FILM

In 1903 Edwin S. Porter begins to use visual continuity.
Porter also discovered that th...
HISTORY OF EDITING:
‘THE SHOT’
• Locations change
• Time changes
• Subjective POV firing his gun directly toward the audie...
HISTORY OF EDITING:
STORY OF FILM
“A trip to the Moon” 1902 George Melies
The ‘magic’ of cinema – Special Effects, Disappe...
DRAMATIC EMPHASIS:
D. W. GRIFFITH
“The Birth of a Nation” 1915, 190 min
• Formally innovative: Variation of shots
for impa...
CONSTRUCTIVE EDITING:
VSEVOLOD PUDOVKIN
“Film art begins from the moment when the director begins to
combine and join toge...
EDITING AS ART OF FILM
PUDOVKIN
In Mother :not using emotional or psychological effects of
performance, but “plastic synth...
“THE STORY OF FILM”
Mark Cousins, (2012)
Watch for:
•The Shot
•“Then” (continuity)
•“Meanwhile” (parallel)
•Intellectual e...
Rules to remember:
PERSERVERANCE,
INTUITION, FEAR &
FAILURE!

•
•
•
•
•

Emotion is the heart of good editing
Challenge th...
NEXT WEEK:
ACTION CONTINUITY
EXERCISE
Group Leaders: 5 groups of 7 students
• Meet new people!
• Invite people into your g...
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The Art of Editing #1

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Lecture #1, The Art of Editing

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  • WATCH “STORY OF FILM”
  • WATCH “STORY OF FILM” Intercut; dynamic; heightened tension; two shots filmed in difference locations; different original objectives could join together; the juxtaposition could create a new reality greater than that of each individual shot
  • WATCH “STORY OF FILM”
  • WATCH “STORY OF FILM”
  • WATCH “STORY OF FILM”
  • Read page 32
  • WATCH “STORY OF FILM” – Ask for comments on scenes after screening
  • Transcript of "The Art of Editing #1"

    1. 1. CLASS 1 SM2002/ B 2014 THE ART OF EDITING PERSEVERANCE, INTUITION, FEAR & FAILURE
    2. 2. WHY ARE YOU HERE? • What do you bring to the table? • What would you like to learn? • Participation and sharing • Don’t be afraid to try! All learning comes from failures • Look at the world around you everyday & watch films • Watch for the CUT!
    3. 3. COURSE DESCRIPTION & AIMS What is editing? More than a technical skill, it is an art! Editing is an art of composing space (as totality or fragment, continuous or discontinuous) and time (linear or non-linear) through the arrangement, assembly and interaction of images (static or dynamic) and sounds (on screen or off screen), and an art of visualizing rhythm and tempo as emotional flow or movements of intensities.
    4. 4. • SELECTION • TIMING • ARRANGEMENT WHY IS THE EDITOR IMPORTANT?
    5. 5. COURSE OUTLINE & WHAT WE WILL DO Editing Assignments: 1. Action Continuity 2. Shoot for the Edit 3. Music Video 4. Trailer LECTURES / SCREENINGS / WORKSHOPS Lecture: 13h-14h50 Workshop: 15h-16h20
    6. 6. CLASSICS
    7. 7. "... Editing is a lot about patience and discipline and just banging away at something, turning off the machine and going home at night because you're frustrated and depressed, and then coming back in the morning to try again.” -Thelma Schoonmaker "You get to contribute so significantly in the editing room because you shape the movie and the performances." -Thelma Schoonmaker
    8. 8. ALCHEMY “The essence of cinema is editing. It's the combination of what can be extraordinary images of people during emotional moments, or images in a general sense, put together in a kind of alchemy.” -Francis Ford Coppola
    9. 9. PERSEVERANCE INTUITION FEAR FAILURE
    10. 10. EDITING CONCEPTS 1. ACTION CONTINUITY 2. ACTION / REACTION (Cause & Effect) 3. CONSTRUCTION OF TIME (Flashbacks, flash forward, logic sequence) 4. CONSTRUCTION OF SPACE (Continuity and discontinuity, parallel editing, jump-cuts, etc.) 5. EYE-LINE MATCHING 6. GRAPHIC RELATIONSHIPS
    11. 11. STAGES IN THE EDITING PROCESS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Digitizing footage Organizing and Naming footage First Assembly Rough cut Fine cut Final Cut
    12. 12. HISTORY OF EDITING: 1895 ONWARDS When the first motion pictures were created, editing did not exist. A single shot was a single scene. • “Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory” 1895 • “Arrival of a Train at the station” 1895 • “The Kiss” 1896 Camera was placed without thought to compositional or emotional consideration, lighting was notional even for interior scenes, the camera recorded an event, an act or an incident, and most early films were a single shot.
    13. 13. HISTORY OF EDITING: STORY OF FILM In 1903 Edwin S. Porter begins to use visual continuity. Porter also discovered that the shot was the basic building block of the film. The Life of An American Fireman (1902) The Great Train Robbery (1903) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bc7wWOmEGGY
    14. 14. HISTORY OF EDITING: ‘THE SHOT’ • Locations change • Time changes • Subjective POV firing his gun directly toward the audience • Entering a shot in midstream suggests that time has passed • Exiting the shot before the action is complete and viewing an entirely new shot suggest a change in location The overall meaning of the story comes from way the shots are edited together, with the shifts in time or place implied by the juxtaposition of two shots
    15. 15. HISTORY OF EDITING: STORY OF FILM “A trip to the Moon” 1902 George Melies The ‘magic’ of cinema – Special Effects, Disappearing, altering the real
    16. 16. DRAMATIC EMPHASIS: D. W. GRIFFITH “The Birth of a Nation” 1915, 190 min • Formally innovative: Variation of shots for impact: long shot, close up, cutaway & the tracking shot • Cuts made for Dramatic Reasons • Parallel editing • Variation in pace • What film could do with ideas: Racist nationalist propaganda. The history of film is political. http://youtu.be/iEznh2JZvrI
    17. 17. CONSTRUCTIVE EDITING: VSEVOLOD PUDOVKIN “Film art begins from the moment when the director begins to combine and join together the various pieces of film. By joining them in various combinations in different orders, he obtains differing results.” (Pudovkin, 1929)
    18. 18. EDITING AS ART OF FILM PUDOVKIN In Mother :not using emotional or psychological effects of performance, but “plastic synthesis through editing.” “Pudovkin theorised that actors on screen do not really act; it's their context that moves us - something established, through montage, by their relationship to exterior objects. Thus the factory owners and police officers in his films wear sinister leather gloves, which he cuts to in close-up before returning to the peasant nursing her child. More subtly, he uses editing to suggest psychological states.” http://www.theguardian.com/film/2001/aug/31/artsfeatures1
    19. 19. “THE STORY OF FILM” Mark Cousins, (2012) Watch for: •The Shot •“Then” (continuity) •“Meanwhile” (parallel) •Intellectual editing •Dramatic effect
    20. 20. Rules to remember: PERSERVERANCE, INTUITION, FEAR & FAILURE! • • • • • Emotion is the heart of good editing Challenge the comfort zone & your assumptions Learn the difference between what we think & what we feel Imagine failure and setbacks as positive learning experiences: Fail Harder! Take responsibility for your imagination
    21. 21. NEXT WEEK: ACTION CONTINUITY EXERCISE Group Leaders: 5 groups of 7 students • Meet new people! • Invite people into your group if they don’t have one! • Bring names of group to me by end of first class
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