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Branches of Government

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  • 1. Branches of government
    What are they and What do they do
  • 2. What Am I going to and do today?
    Understand the why the branches of government were formed.
    Learn the definition of each branch of government.
    Know the roles and responsibilities of each branch of government.
    Understand how the three branches interact.
  • 3. What is the 3 branches of government?
    Executive
    Judicial
    Legislative
  • 4. A cool diagram
    Executive Branch
    The President enforces laws
    Legislative Branch
    Congress makes laws
    Judicial Branch
    The Supreme Court
    interprets laws
  • 5. Purpose of 3 branches
    In the United States of America, a democracy, a system of checks and balances makes sure that no one branch of government holds too much power. Our founding fathers had an idea to form the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches to see that this goal was achieved.
  • 6. Why 3 branches?
    Limitation of Powers
    Reduce Control
    Separation of Power
    Divide Control
    Checks and Balances
    Share Control
  • 7. Executive
    Who:
    President
    What do they do:
    Makes sure laws are carried out
  • 8. More about Executive
    The President is the head of the executive branch at the federal level. He is helped by the Vice President and his cabinet, a group of advisors
  • 9. Do you know?
    Do you know who are current president and vice president are?
  • 10. State level
    The Governor is the head of the state government. The Lieutenant Governor helps him.
  • 11. Do you know?
    Do you know who your Governor is?
  • 12. Local level
    At the local level the head of the Executive branch is either the Mayor or Town Supervisor.
  • 13. Do you know?
    Do you know who your mayor is?
  • 14. review
    EXECUTIVE BRANCH
    FEDERAL LEVEL
    President
    Vice President
    Cabinet
    STATE LEVEL
    Governor
    Lieutenant Governor
    Local Government
    Mayor
    Town Supervisor
  • 15. Judicial
    Who:
    Supreme Court
    What do they do:
    Interprets the law and makes sure they are in line with the Constitution
  • 16. More about judicial
    The highest court in the land has nine appointed judges
    The head judge is called the Chief Justice
  • 17. Do you know?
    Do you know who is on the current Supreme Court?
    Do you know who the Chief Justice is?
  • 18. State level
    The highest court in the state has six Associate Judges and one Chief Judge appointed by the governor
  • 19. Do you know?
    Do you know who is on you state Court of Appeals?
  • 20. Local level
    City and town judges are chosen by the people in their communities through an election
  • 21. Do you know?
    DO you know who you local judge is?
  • 22. Review
    Judicial BRANCH
    FEDERAL LEVEL
    Supreme Court
    9 Judges
    STATE LEVEL
    Court of Appeals
    7 Judges
    Local Government
    Town and City Courts
    Elected Judges
  • 23. legislative
    Who:
    Congress
    House of Representatives
    Senate
    What do they do?
    Makes the law
  • 24. More ABOUT LEGISLATIVE
    Every state has at least one representative. The number ofrepresentatives is based on the population of the state.
    Two lawmakers from each state serve in Senate.
  • 25. DO YOU KNOW?
    Do you know who is in charge of the House of Representatives?
    Do you know who is in charge of the Senate?
  • 26. STATE LEVEL
    Senate
    The Senate passes uponlegislative proposals and constitutional amendments. The Senate confirms or rejects nominations made by the Governor.
    Assembly
    The Assembly is the other part of the state legislature. It meets and works in the Capitol.
  • 27. DO YOU KNOW?
    DO you know who your state Senators and Representatives are?
  • 28. LOCAL LEVEL
    City Council and Town Boards
    Both of these groups work like the Congress in the Federal Government. Both groups make laws for the city or town
  • 29. DO YOU KNOW?
    Do you know who is on your local city council?
  • 30. Review
    Legislative BRANCH
    FEDERAL LEVEL
    Congress
    Senate
    House of Representatives
    STATE LEVEL
    Assembly
    Senate
    Local Government
    City Council
    Town Board
  • 31. The United states government
    Executive
    Judicial
    Legislative
  • 32. In a nutshell
  • 33. Checks and balances
    A system that gives each branch of government different powers so that each branch can check the authority of the others
  • 34. How it works…
  • 35.
  • 36. That’s all folks