Branches of government What are they and What do they do
What Am I going to and do today? Understand the why the branches of government were formed. Learn the definition of each branch of government. Know the roles and responsibilities of each branch of government. Understand how the three branches interact.
What is the 3 branches of government? Executive Judicial Legislative
A cool diagram Executive Branch The President enforces laws Legislative Branch Congress makes laws Judicial Branch The Supreme Court interprets laws
Purpose of 3 branches In the United States of America, a democracy, a system of checks and balances makes sure that no one branch of government holds too much power. Our founding fathers had an idea to form the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches to see that this goal was achieved.
Why 3 branches? Limitation of Powers Reduce Control Separation of Power Divide Control Checks and Balances Share Control
Executive Who: President What do they do: Makes sure laws are carried out
More about Executive The President is the head of the executive branch at the federal level. He is helped by the Vice President and his cabinet, a group of advisors
Do you know? Do you know who are current president and vice president are?
State level The Governor is the head of the state government. The Lieutenant Governor helps him.
Do you know? Do you know who your Governor is?
Local level At the local level the head of the Executive branch is either the Mayor or Town Supervisor.
review EXECUTIVE BRANCH FEDERAL LEVEL President Vice President Cabinet STATE LEVEL Governor Lieutenant Governor Local Government Mayor Town Supervisor
Judicial Who: Supreme Court What do they do: Interprets the law and makes sure they are in line with the Constitution
More about judicial The highest court in the land has nine appointed judges The head judge is called the Chief Justice
Do you know? Do you know who is on the current Supreme Court? Do you know who the Chief Justice is?
State level The highest court in the state has six Associate Judges and one Chief Judge appointed by the governor
Do you know? Do you know who is on you state Court of Appeals?
Local level City and town judges are chosen by the people in their communities through an election
Do you know? DO you know who you local judge is?
Review Judicial BRANCH FEDERAL LEVEL Supreme Court 9 Judges STATE LEVEL Court of Appeals 7 Judges Local Government Town and City Courts Elected Judges
legislative Who: Congress House of Representatives Senate What do they do? Makes the law
More ABOUT LEGISLATIVE Every state has at least one representative. The number ofrepresentatives is based on the population of the state. Two lawmakers from each state serve in Senate.
DO YOU KNOW? Do you know who is in charge of the House of Representatives? Do you know who is in charge of the Senate?
STATE LEVEL Senate The Senate passes uponlegislative proposals and constitutional amendments. The Senate confirms or rejects nominations made by the Governor. Assembly The Assembly is the other part of the state legislature. It meets and works in the Capitol.
DO YOU KNOW? DO you know who your state Senators and Representatives are?
LOCAL LEVEL City Council and Town Boards Both of these groups work like the Congress in the Federal Government. Both groups make laws for the city or town
DO YOU KNOW? Do you know who is on your local city council?
Review Legislative BRANCH FEDERAL LEVEL Congress Senate House of Representatives STATE LEVEL Assembly Senate Local Government City Council Town Board
The United states government Executive Judicial Legislative