Sustainable Planning for Village Developmen
(Case study of Auroville Village, Pondicherry
Present scenario of villages in India
• India presently inhabits worlds largest village
population i.e more than 65% people in india
stay in villages. Hence a lot of efforts need to
be put in making these villages self –sufficient
and developed rather than building up of
urban concrete jungles.
What is an eco- village..?
• Eco villages are intentional communities whose
goal is to become more socially, economically and
ecologically sustainable .
• "human- scale full-featured settlement in which
human activities are harmlessly integrated into
the natural world in a way that is supportive of
healthy human development, and can be
successfully continued into the indefinite future."
Benefits of Eco villages
•Well designed clustered housing
with open space.
•Using Natural & regenerative
•Diversified agricultural modus
•Encourages cooperation and mutual
•Sustainable transportation methods
•Renewable energy and alternative
waste management programmes
What is in Eco village Zoning……???
• It involves build up of 4 sectors:
2. Agricultural sustainability
4. Ecological and Educational Infrastructure
Auroville (City of Dawn) is an experimental township in state
of Tamil Nadu, India, near Pondicherry in South India. It was
founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa (also known as "The
Mother") and designed by architect Roger Anger
• It currently has a
population of about
2200 people, Out of
which 836 are Indians
and rest Having
nationalities of over 43
The green zone startup
• In the early 1970's Auroville's afforestation campaign
began due to which ,over the next ten years, as part of
a massive soil and water conservation programme,
about a million trees including timber , banyan.
ornamental plants, nut trees ,fruit and fodder trees etc.
were planted here.
• At present major part of the afforested area is situated
in a green belt around the future city area, forming a
buffer zone to protect Auroville from intrusion by the
rapidly expanding suburbs of Pondicherry.
• The Auroville Farm Group cover some 400 acres of cultivated
land, managed by 35 Auroville residents.
• farmers work with different jobs including crop fields,
vegetable gardening and dairy farming.
• traditional farming and modern agriculture simultaneously
co- exist using eco-friendly technologies such as: water
pumping windmills , solar energy, drip irrigation, micro
sprinklers and methane gas collectors.
Waste management Auroville
• In recent years, Auroville's waste problem has
ballooned, due to increasing population and increased
consumption In india .
• “EcoService” manages solid waste system that collects
waste from households, communities, roads ,guest
houses, restaurants and other building units .This is
further sent to another team for processesing in
sorting shed in Kottakarai.
• Waste is then either sold to recycling dealers, or
landfilled at the Auroville landfill in an eco- friendly
• The Central Fund was started in 1989 to
collectively support Auroville's services
and other collective responsibilities.
Its income comes from:
– Commercial units, which contribute a
portion of their annual surplus income
– The Rs. 1500 scheme, under which each
Aurovilian contributes Rs. 1500 a month
– Monthly contributions from guests and
– Individual contributions from Aurovilians
– A portion of returns on the deposits
managed by Auroville Maintenance Fund
• The Central Fund distributes its income of approx. Rs 37 lakhs
per month to more than 45 activities and Community
• Community Services supported by the Central Fund:
Mahasarawati's Free Store
Dental Centre Treatment
– News and Notes
– Collective Transport
– Vehicle repair Service
Roads & Traffic
Video & Music
Youth Centre Housing repair
Lifeguard & Beach maintenance
Architecture and Planning
• Auroville is one of the most famous places in
india for viewing modern architecture and
• some of unique visiting places are…
• the Matrimandir (Sanskrit for Temple of The
Mother) is an edifice of spiritual significance for
practitioners of Integral yoga, situated at the centre
of Auroville. In shape of a Geodesic dome it is
covered by golden discs that reflects sunlight .This
contains the largest optically-perfect glass globe in
• The Auroville Solar Kitchen is a collective kitchen for the
Auroville community which provides the steam for cooking
on all the sunny days of the year. Back-up steam, if needed, is
provided by a diesel fired boiler.
• Throughout the year approximately 1000 lunches are
prepared daily in the solar kitchen out of which 540 go to the
schools kids, 200 go out by tiffins and about 260 to 300 are
consumed in the dining hall everyday.
Regina’s Mud House
• The Auroville home of Regina and
Robi is a charming mud house, built
using the age-old wattle and daub
• The whole house has been created
using earth, sand and straw. At some
places wooden finishing and
supports are provided.
An unusual canvas
House owner Louis Molaes
• As the house of an artist this structure is built mainly using
canvas and bamboo sticks.
• The roof and five-foot-high exterior walls define the
spaces inside the house. The space between the low walls
and roof has no conventional window shutters or grills.
Some of the eco-friendly technologies that are being developed
and extensively used in eco- houses
• a. allows terracotta to be reintroduced as tiles, but without needing any supporting
wooden rafters as a substructure, wood being no more abundantly and affordably
b. neither shuttering nor demoulding is required. Only a frame is required on either
c. the village potter can be given employment thereby keeping most of the money
in the immediate local area.
d. transportation energy is reduced as bullock carts can be used.
e. fast and modular process, as the units can be produced in advance and need to
simply be assembled..
f. hollows in the tubes ensure climatic comfort.
• g. Burned clay pots as fillers in a RCC slab
• The various commercial activities in an
eco-village that will generate revenue ;
– Natural handicrafts development
– Organic food processing;
– Construction engineering, architecture and solar
– Ecological and cost friendly consultancy on
building and land use;.
Transportation in Auroville
• Pedal-power within the city proper Inside the outer ring road area, transport
of people and goods would be by pedalpower (there will be a network of
pleasant cycle and walking paths) and
electric-powered vehicles: they would
not overpower the streetscape because
they are quiet and slow.
• Doctors, ambulances and other
emergency transport could enter, of
course, with any type of vehicle.
• visually-interesting passageways, as well
as urban spaces based on a human scale