Shankaraiah N :Women D Youth Shankaraiah

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  • 1.
    • WEL COME
    WEL COME
  • 2. PARTICIPATION OF FARMWOMEN IN GROUP DISCUSSION MEETING-AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY BY: S.M. PILLEGOWDA, M.Sc. (Ag.) PRESENTED BY: SHANKARAIAH, N PAK-9120 Jr.MSc.Agril. Extn.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION
    • “ A nation would not march forward if the women are left behind” – Swami Vivekananda
    • Women constitute nearly half of the world population
    • Rural women form the most important productive work force in the economy of majority of the developing nations including India
    • Women play a significant and crucial role in agricultural development and allied fields.
  • 4. Conti..
    • Women have many inherent capacities like high determination, sence of responsibility, better yet the personnel have not identified their potential
    • Agriculture is the most basic and primary human productive activity and whenever it is undertaken, women have a hand in it.
    • Lot of decision are made by the women to manage farms but the technical information received by male members in the family is distorted while transmitting to women
  • 5. OBJECTIVES
    • To find out the appropriate time for participation of farmwomen in group discussion meeting as perceived by extension personnel, farmwomen leaders and farmwomen.
    • To conduct a field experiment to study the gain in knowledge and symbolic adoption by dairy farmwomen due to participation in group discussion meeting at different timings.
    • To find out the relationship between the socio-economic, psycological and communication variables with dependent variable
    • To find out the problems faced by farmwomen in attending extension activities
  • 6. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
    • Participation of farmwomen in various extension activities
    • According to Chandargi (1980) training has influenced farmwomen to gain information on new technology.
    • Time , season of extension teaching methods and participation
    • Raghupathi and Nagired (1989) found that existing time 6.30 pm for the farm telecast is not convenient to 95 per cent of respondents.
    • Gain in knowledge by farmwomen due to participation in various extension activities
    • Vishnoi and Sinha(1961) found that in Delhi union territory group meeting was significantly superior to personal contact, visual aids in providing improved agricultural practices.
  • 7. METHODOLOGY
    • 1.Locale of the study
    • Bangalore north taluk of Bangalore urban
  • 8.
    • 2.Selection of villages
    • Criteria for selection of villages: Availability of milk producers co-operative society.
    • Total number of villages selected : 103
    • Name of the selected villages
    • Seethykempanahally, Addiganahalli, Kadathanamale, Linganahalli.
    • Selection of respondents
    • From each of selected villages all the farmwomen of milk producers co-operative societies share holders family were consider as the population for the study.
    • Total number farmwomen :30
  • 9. Variables used in the study Sl.No Variables Measurement Dependent Variables 1. knowledge Schedule 2. Symbolic adoption Schedule Independent variables 1. Personal variable ( Age, Education, Farming and Dairy experience ) Procedure developed 2. Social variable (Family size, No. of respondent, social participation) Procedure developed 3. Psychological(attitude, aspiration, motivation) Scale developed 4. Communication(mass media, extension contact and participation) Scale developed 5. Economic(No. of cross breed, adult cows, heifers, calves, landholding, fodder area, irrigation facilities) Procedure developed
  • 10. RESULTS Participation of Dairy farmwomen in group discussion meeting conducted at selected timings Participation Number of share holders Number of share holders participated Percentage of share holders participated T1-Most appropriate time (12 noon) 166 44 26.50 T2- Appropriate time (10 am) 182 45 24.72 T3- Less appropriate time ( 1 pm) 158 30 18.80
  • 11. Participation of Dairy farmwomen in group discussion meeting conducted at selected timings
  • 12. Extent of knowledge gained by dairy farmwomen of different groups Participation Sample Mean knowledge score Gain in mean knowledge score over control Percentage of mean knowledge score increased over control Control (T4) 30 14.86 - - Most appropriate time(T1) 44 19.27 4.41 29.67 Appropriate time(T2) 45 17.11 2.25 15.14 Less appropriate time(T3) 30 17.13 2.27 15.27
  • 13. Extent of knowledge gained by dairy farmwomen of different groups
  • 14. Extent of symbolic adoption gained by dairy farmwomen participated in group discussion meeting conducted at selected timings. Participation Mean symbolic adoption score Gain in mean symbolic adoption score over control Percentage of mean symbolic adoption score increased over control Control (T4) 9.12 - - Most appropriate time(T1) 9.70 0.58 5.15 Appropriate time(T2) 10.10 0.98 9.70 Less appropriate time(T3) 9.43 0.31 3.28
  • 15. Extent of symbolic adoption gained by dairy farmwomen participated in group discussion meeting conducted at selected timings.
  • 16. CONCLUSION
    • The gain in knowledge and symbolic adoption of dairy farmwomen was higher when the group discussion is organized at the most appropriate time.
    • The commonly contributing variable for gain in knowledge and symbolic adoption in all the treatment were extension participation, extension contact, achievement motivation and aspiration.
    • The most important problem encountered by farmwomen in attending group discussion meeting were restriction at home, non-suitability of time, lack of women group and pressure of work
  • 17. THANK YOU