Shankaraiah N :Naik Sir Ppt ThesisPresentation Transcript
AN ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT FARMING SYSTEMS IN HASSAN DISTRICT BY: THEERTHA PRASAD PRESENTED BY: SHANKARAIAH, N PAK-9120 Jr.M.Sc. Agril.Extn
Agriculture has been the major source of livelihood in the country
Indian agriculture is characterized by mixed farming
Small and marginal farmers are unable to meet the need with the income from crop husbandry
In the recent years, integrated farming system gave scientific touch to the existing practices
The main aim of the farming system are to improve rapidly the socio economic condition of the individual families
To identify the existing farming systems
To study the socio economic and personal characteristic of the farmers association with the farming systems
To find out the adoption of improved practices in different farming systems
To compare the profitability of the different farming systems based on the production activity.
To document the constraints faced by farmers in adoption of different farming systems
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Concept of farming system
socio economic and personal characteristic of the farmers association with the farming systems
Adoption of improved farm practices by farmers
Profitability of different farming systems
Constraints faced by farmers in different farming systems
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Locale of the study
Research design: “ Ex-post facto” Sl. No. Types of farming system Taluks Number of respondent Alur Hassan 1. Rain cultivation system 15 28 43 2. Irrigated cultivation system 45 32 77 Total 120
Variables used in the study Sl.No Variables Measurement Dependent Variables 1. Adoption Procedure 2. Profitability Schedule Independent variables 1. Age Procedure developed 2. Education Procedure developed 3. landholding Procedure developed 4. Mass media, extension contact and participation Scale developed 5. Economic motivation Procedure developed
Personal interview method- pre tested schedule
Statistical tools used
Multiple Regression Analysis
RESULTS Farming system identify based on the type of production activity in rainfed cultivation system n=43 Sl No. Systems Number of farmers percent 1. Crop production only 15 34.89 2. Crop production + animal husbandry 12 27.90 3. Crop production + coconut garden 3 06.97 4. Crop production + coconut garden+ animal husbandry 6 13.96 5. Crop production + animal husbandry + poultry 7 16.28 Total 43 100.00
RESULTS Farming system identify based on the type of production activity in irrigated cultivation system n=77 Sl No. Systems Number of farmers Percent 1. Crop production only 9 11.60 2. Crop production + animal husbandry 11 14.28 3. Crop production + coconut garden 24 31.17 4. Crop production + coconut garden+ animal husbandry 18 23.38 5. Crop production + animal husbandry + poultry 9 11.69 6 Crop production + animal husbandry + Fishery 6 7.79 Total 43 100.00
Water source in Irrigated Farming Systems Sl.No Source of irrigation No. of farmers Percent Net area irrigated(Acre) Average area irrigated (Acre) 1. Canal only 10 12.99 15.0 1.50 2. Tank only 23 29.87 19.2 0.83 3. Open well only 3 03.89 08.0 2.60 4. Tube well 5 6.50 17.0 3.40 5. Canal +tank 21 27.28 21. 5 1.02 6. Canal +tank + tube well 8 10.38 65.0 8.12 7 Canal +tank + tube well+ open well 7 09.09 69.0 9.85 Total 77 100.00 214.0 -
Water source in Irrigated Farming Systems
Overall adoption Scores of the Farming for Selected crops Under Different Farming System SL. No. Farming system Adoption quotient Overall adoption Ragi Paddy Maize Potato Ginger 1. Rainfed cultivation system 34.45 -------- 50.83 57.92 ------- 47.73 2. Irrigated cultivation system 41.19 70.65 59.16 69.08 43.07 56.63
Adoption Quotient of the Farmers for selected crops grown under different farming system Crops Adoption quotient
Constraints faced by Farmers Under Rainfed Farming SL. No. Constraints No. of farmers Percent Rank 1. Lack of water resources 43 100.00 I 2. High cost of cultivation 42 97.67 II 3. Non availability of skilled labourers 41 95.34 III 4. High cost of input 38 88.33 IV 5. Occurance of pest and diseases 34 79.06 V 6. Non availability of loans 34 79.06 VI 7. Lack of improved breeds 24 55.81 VII 8. Lack of high yielding varieties 20 46.51 VIII 9. Non availability of quality seeds 18 41.86 IX
Constraints faced by Farmers Under Rainfed Farming SL. No. Constraints No. of farmers Percent Rank 10. Lack of mass media participation 18 41.86 X 11. Lack of veterinary hospital facility 16 37.02 XI 12. Lack of improved farm implements 19 42.55 XII 13. Lack of training 14 32.55 XIII 14. Illiteracy 14 32.55 XIV 15. Lack of Dairy Cooperative Societies 13 30.23 XV 16. Non availability of fertilizers and manures 12 27.90 XVI 17. Lack of profitable marketing system 10 23.25 XVII 18. Lack of transportation facilities 7 16.27 XVIII
IMPLICATION OF THE STUDY
As the combination of enterprises gives more profit to the farmers ,its always better to follow more than one enterprise.
Some small and marginal farmers who have vegetarian food habit, hesitate to adopt enterprises like poultry, sheep , goat etc.
Instead of following monocropping, it is better to carry out mixed or intercropping to avoid loss and get more income.
IMPLICATION OF THE STUDY
The constraints such as middleman problem, lack of storage facilities , electricity problem, non availability of soil testing report could be minimize by the concerned efforts of the concerned department.
There is a tendency among farmers to grow specific crops like potato, ginger extensively that fetch more market prices.