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  • Arms, William Y. Digital Libraries. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2000. Print
  • Hoffman, Judy, John Carlo Bertot, Denise M. Davis, and Larra Clark. Libraries Connect Communities: Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study 2010-2011. Digital supplement of American Libraries magazine, June 2011. Gauder, Brad, ed. Perceptions of Libraries, 2010: Context and Community. Dublin, OH: OCLC, 2011.
  • Mission - This should be clearly expressed in your policy. KCPL example: The Kansas City Public Library will be a reliable community resource and a center of intellectual freedom serving primarily the residents of the Kansas City Library District and secondarily the residents of the metropolitan area by acquiring, organizing and disseminating books, nonprint and electronic resources and services that help educate, enrich, entertain and inform. Criteria - Review tools used for print journals & books can also be used for the electronic sources. Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature .Criteria for e-resources include licensing & contractual terms, pricing, completeness, currency, selection & deselection capabilities, etc. (Johnson, 114). Scope - What subjects does your library collection focus on. Very dependent upon community. Goals - “The Kansas City Public Library staff shall select, organize and maintain a quality collection of library resources that will provide a basis for community information, education, recreation and historical preservation in the Library District. Available resources will range from the traditional print format to links on the World Wide Web.” If preservation is a goal, maybe electronic resources are not best for certain titles (unless you negotiate access is contract).
  • Bosch, Stephen, Promis, Patricia A., and Sugnet, Chris. Guide to Licensing and Acquiring Electronic Information. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2005. Print vs. Electronic - Will print resources still be available? Will there be duplicates in the collection? Cost comparison - Aggregators may be more cost effective than dealing directly with the publisher. Equipment costs - Computers may need to be added or the library may need additional funding for e-reader lending. Cost of updates - Should be negotiated in contract - make sure future price changes are budgeted for Licensing vs. ownership - Do you own back issues? Can you get print for archiving?
  • Adams, Jennifer. "DIGITAL Tips for developing a digital collection development policy DIVIDE." AALL Spectrum 15.1 (2010): 36-37. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. EBSCO. Web. 24 July 2011.
  • LibLicense. Bosch, 54-55 Bosch, 62 (UCITA)
  • Jones, Wayne, ed. E-Serials: Publishers, Libraries, Users and Standards. 58-69. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Information Press, 2003. Who: must specifically define ‘user’ and authorized users. What: look at factors such as how many simultaneous users, is entire site accessible, how often it is updated, etc. Where: Is it accessible just at the main branch, all branches, in users’ homes? How: Cannot guarantee unauthorized use. Will the library be held responsible? Make “reasonable efforts” to avoid unauthorized use. Basic rights: Product access, product searches, retrieval of search results, printing hard copies, storage & sharing, use of materials for ILL, remote access
  • Gagnon, Ronald A. "Library/Vendor Relations from a Public Library Perspective." Journal of Library Administration 44.3/4 (2006): 95-111. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. EBSCO. Web. 24 July 2011. Win/Win - a happy librarian means more positive word-of-mouth advertising for the vendor Conference events - learn about new products, network Needs - Public libraries have much more diverse patronage than academic libraries
  • ALA DCMA Primer for Libraries
  • Boss, Richard A. “Electronic Resource Management.” Public Library Association. American Library Association, 5 Mar 2007. Web. 24 Jul. 2011.
  • Carlson, Amy, and Barbara M. Pope. "The “Big Deal”: A Survey of How Libraries Are Responding and What the Alternatives Are." Serials Librarian 57.4 (2009): 380-398. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. EBSCO. Web. 24 July 2011.
  • Higher demand - will libraries forgo print for e-books? Budget cuts - providing the access with decreasing funds Archiving - how will we ensure access for born digital content? JIT vs. JIC - Can public libraries afford not to have a very broad collection? Library as place - still important role in community, but as more resources become accessible electronically, how will the library assert its role?

LIS 748 topic presentation LIS 748 topic presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Electronic Resources in a Public Library An Introduction to Acquiring the Best Resources for Your Library Shannon Gruber
  • Popular Electronic Resources
    • E-Serials
    • E-Books
    • E-book readers
    • Databases
  • Why invest in electronic resources?
    • Patron demand
    • Makes information easily searchable
    • Easy access to most current information
    • 24-hour library access
    • More free space in the library
    • Can be cost effective (in some instances)
  • E-Resources in Public Libraries
    • In 2010, not one person surveyed by OCLC started a search on the library website
    • Public library websites are used by one-third of Americans
    • 75% consider “Books” to be the library brand
    • 67.2% of public libraries offer e-books
    • 27.8% of public libraries lend e-readers
    • 98.6% of public libraries make databases accessible outside the library
  • Before adding electronic resources…
    • Talk to your patrons
    • Look at your collection development policy
    • Budget and cost
    • Technical Support
    • Licensing issues
  • Talk to your patrons
    • Perform a community analysis to determine the demographic of the library users
    • Are there titles that your library does not carry?
    • Does your library have a diverse selection of e-books?
    • Do most patrons have their own e-reader, iPad or laptop, or is there demand for the library to provide access?
  • Look at your collection development policy
    • What is the mission of your library?
    • What are the criteria for selection & what tools are used to determine the best sources?
    • What is the scope of your collection?
    • What are the goals for the collection?
  • Budget & Cost
    • Print vs. electronic serials
    • Cost comparisons between vendors
    • Equipment costs
    • Cost of updates & upgrades
    • Licensing vs. ownership
    • Where will the funding come from?
  • Technical Support
    • Can your library’s equipment support increased usage?
    • Is software safe & secure?
    • Will there be additional training or staffing necessary?
    • Are the databases easy to use?
    • Is e-book download quick & easy?
  • Licensing Issues
    • “ Click wrap” agreement or license
    • Negotiated licenses
    • Vendor relations
    • Copyright
    • Electronic Resource Management
  • Click-Wrap Agreement
    • A contractual agreement that a user views online and agrees to (by clicking an online prompt that indicates the user’s consent to the agreement’s terms) as a condition of using or accessing the database or licensed resources.
    • Library should review these licenses to know factors that will affect use
    • Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA)
  • Negotiated Licenses
    • Licenses resource to be accessible by entire library community
    • Who can access the the resource?
    • What is being purchased?
    • Where can the resource be used?
    • How can the resource be used?
    • Negotiate basic rights
  • Vendor Relations
    • Networking is key
    • Negotiation should result in a win/win
    • Train library staff who will be dealing with vendors
    • Attend vendor conference events
    • Be aware of troubleshooting before contacting vendor with issues
    • Work with a vendor who understands your needs
  • Copyright
    • First Sale Doctrine
    • - Does not apply with licensed material
    • Fair Use
    • - Digital Millennium Copyright Act
  • Electronic Resource Management
    • “ One-stop shopping” for e-serials, print journals and free journals
    • Administrative tasks
    • License tracking
    • Renewal alerts
    • Usage statistics & cost per use
    • Can be costly
  • Is the “Big Deal” a big deal for public libraries?
    • Inflexibilities in pricing, content & licensing
    • May be paying for unused subscriptions to get popular titles
    • Long-term access problems
    • High cost may result in cancellation of titles not included in the bundle
  • Alternatives to the Big Deal
    • Print journals & periodicals
    • Single subscriptions (print or electronic)
    • Open access journals
    • Interlibrary loan
    • Pay-per-view for unsubscribed titles
  • The Future of Electronic Resources in Public Libraries
    • Higher demand for e-readers & e-books
    • Dealing with budget cuts
    • Archiving electronic resources
    • “ Just-in-time” information access vs. “Just-in-case”
    • Library as place
  • Discussion Questions
    • Do you think print journals will be found in libraries in the next 10 years? 20 years?
    • Is the “Big Deal” necessary in public libraries?
    • Will “library as place” still be important to patrons with a growing number of resources available off-site?
    • How can the library change its brand from “books” to “information”?