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English

  1. 1. ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES Group 7- Gio, Faith, Nicole, Reynard, Shane
  2. 2. ADJECTIVE - are the words you often use in describing things, events, people’s character or physical features. - These are used in the sentence as attributive, predicative, and complement.
  3. 3. Attributive - is a one-word modifier placed before the noun or pronoun it describes. - Example: •Industrious Filipinos easily get rich abroad. •The honest driver received a reward from the lady passenger.
  4. 4. Predicative - when an adjective is used a subjective complement; meaning, after a linking verb, it becomes predicative or predicate adjective. - Examples: •Filipinos are industrious. •The driver is honest.
  5. 5. Complement - functions to complete the meaning of the subject or the object of a transitive verb in a sentence. - In completing the meaning of the subject of a sentence, the complement as Subjective Complement (SC); whilst direct object of the sentence as Objective Complement (OC).
  6. 6. Examples of Complementary Adjectives S SC •Daniel is generous. DO OC •Many find Daniel generous.
  7. 7. Adjectives can both function as attributive and predicative, but some of them function only as attributive/predicative. In other words, some adjectives are restricted to be either of the two. Usually, restrictions of the attributive function apply to senses; that is, to be-verbs used as linking verbs. The following are adjectives restricted to a specific function:
  8. 8. Attributive-only adjectives
  9. 9. Never-Attributive adjectives
  10. 10. Adjective-in-series - These are modifiers that come one after another in a sentence. - Arranged in the sentence side by side and used to describe a noun or a pronoun in many ways, there serial adjectives must follow this sequence: Limiting adjective(cardinal/ordinal) - quality - size – shape - color – noun adj. and participle
  11. 11. Example of Adjective-in- series • He got two, hard, tiny, circular, green, steel, painted objects from the woman’s basket.
  12. 12. ADVERBS - used to describe a verb, an adjective, or another adverb in the sentence. •Adverb of Manner- speedily, slowly, etc. •Adverb of Place- here, there, over, under, at, on, etc. •Adverb of Time- tomorrow, yesterday, now, today, later, etc. •Adverb of Frequency- often, never, frequently, seldom, etc.
  13. 13. Examples of Adverbs • The helicopter hovers on school campus speedily. • The car slowly parked there. • I have to leave now! • She often goes to the cinema.
  14. 14. Adverbials - are adjectives made into adverbs by adding the suffix –ly to the adjective. •Adjective The skillful pilot made the aircraft land safely on the runway. •Adverbial The pilot skillfully made the aircraft land on the runway
  15. 15. Roleplay? • The Wind and the Sun • The Wind and the Sun were disputing which was the stronger. Suddenly they saw a traveller coming down the road, and the Sun said: "I see a way to decide our dispute. Whichever of us can cause that traveller to take off his cloak shall be regarded as the stronger. You begin." So the Sun retired behind a cloud, and the Wind began to blow as hard as it could upon the traveller. But the harder he blew the more closely did the traveller wrap his cloak round him, till at last the Wind had to give up in despair. Then the Sun came out and shone in all his glory upon the traveller, who soon found it too hot to walk with his cloak on. Kindness effects more than severity.

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