Traffic Skills, Parent & Kids Intro


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League of American Bicyclists and Greater Eugene Area Riders (GEARs) presentation for parents and kids.

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  • A bicycle that is too big causes the child to avoid stopping because they know that they will have to “fall” off and have trouble re-starting. By buying a bicycle that is too big parents are encouraging children to roll out of the driveway or through traffic control devices without stopping.
  • Traffic Skills, Parent & Kids Intro

    1. 1. Bicycle Safety for Parents and Kids How to Ride Safe
    2. 2. BikeEd <ul><li>League of American Bicyclists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kids I: Safety for parents and children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kids II: Safety for older children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street Skills 101: Adults riding on the road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road II: Advanced mechanics and techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commuter: Issues in transportation cycling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motorist: Share the road </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. What did your first bike mean to you? <ul><li>Fun </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>paper routes (commercial) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>visit a friend (recreational) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>go to school (commuting) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Vehicular Cycling <ul><li>Cyclists fare best when they act and are treated as drivers of vehicles. John Forester </li></ul>Graphics compliments of the Des Moines Register
    5. 5. Roadway Skills <ul><li>Freedom, independence, responsibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These are attributes that will guide children into a lifetime of responsible roadway usage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now let’s keep them safe </li></ul>
    6. 6. Why are we here? <ul><li>To Learn: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How we keep them safe… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and let them grow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You are parents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concerned, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>responsible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ensuring that your children have safe learning experiences. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You are kids: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for fun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing your parents and boundries </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Does education benefit children? <ul><li>Most parents think so or they wouldn’t spend time and money for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>music lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dance lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gymnastics classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>soccer </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Is bicycle education effective? <ul><li>Absolutely! </li></ul><ul><li>BikeEd Hawaii (for 4th graders) 1993: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crashes decreased by 77% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sidewalk riding decreased by 47% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helmet usage increased by 13% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right side riding improved by 7% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Northern European Countries have it as a standard part of education. Texas SuperCyclist Project 2003: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helmet usage and fit up by 18% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands on handlebars increased by 18% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand signals up 15% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right side riding improved by 8% </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. The bicycle is not a toy! It is a vehicle! <ul><li>§ 541.201. VEHICLES. In this subtitle: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) &quot;Bicycle&quot; means a device that a person may ride and that is propelled by human power and has two tandem wheels at least one of which is more than 14 inches in diameter. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>§ 551.101. RIGHTS AND DUTIES . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(a) A person operating a bicycle has the rights and duties applicable to a driver operating a vehicle under this subtitle, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(b) A parent of a child or a guardian of a ward may not knowingly permit the child or ward to violate this subtitle. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Getting Started <ul><li>A properly sized, adjusted and maintained bicycle </li></ul><ul><li>A properly fitting and adjusted helmet </li></ul>This bicycle is too small, or the seat is too low.
    11. 11. Helmets <ul><li>Variety of sizes and styles. </li></ul><ul><li>Involve your child </li></ul><ul><li>Fit and adjustment </li></ul><ul><li>Start early </li></ul><ul><li>Always wear your helmet! </li></ul>
    12. 12. Helmet Fit <ul><li>Eyes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to see the front edge of the helmet. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ears </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Straps meet just below the ears. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mouth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When buckled, the chin strap should be tight enough that the helmet moves when the mouth is opened wide. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. First bike <ul><li>Small enough for control </li></ul><ul><li>Coaster brakes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small hands may not be big enough or strong enough to use hand brakes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiple gears not necessary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kids can’t deal with complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training wheels? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually better without </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skoot, Gyrobike, no pedals </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Bicycle - Correct size only! <ul><li>Stand over height </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both feet on the ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearance (3-4 inches) above the top tube </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seat height </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Novice: Feet flat on the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ground when seated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experienced: Full leg extension at the bottom of the pedal stroke. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. What mistakes do children make? <ul><li>Crash Causes (responsible for 75% of fatalities) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ride outs – failure to yield the right of way, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mid-block/driveways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>intersections (stop signs). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrong way riding. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Left turn or sudden swerves without scanning behind for traffic. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor judgment of traffic speed and distance. </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>their ability to see and be seen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they assume motorists see them. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lane position – ride all over the street. </li></ul><ul><li>Ride in groups – instead of single file. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Crash Statistics <ul><li>In 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>27 % of fatalities were between 5 - 15 years old. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate was 4.1 per million population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rate for all cyclists 2.5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injury rate was 465 per million population, compared with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rate for all cyclists 186 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. What skills does your child need? <ul><li>Right of way and yielding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>look before entering (left, right, left) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ride on the right </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning (looking) and signaling </li></ul><ul><li>Passing parked cars </li></ul><ul><li>Left turns (box left, vehicular) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Kids II class teaches these skills and others in small steps and repeated drills, which has proven to be the best way for children to learn skills. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. What can you do? <ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriately sized and adjusted bicycle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriately fitted and adjusted helmet. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teach skill set. </li></ul><ul><li>Set a good example. </li></ul><ul><li>Set rules for the children about when and where they may ride. </li></ul><ul><li>Instill beginning rules of the road </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ride in a straight line with traffic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behave predictably. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow rules of the road (traffic laws). </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. ABC Quick Check <ul><li>Pre-Ride Safety Check </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A- Air </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B- Brakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C- Chain & Crank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick- Releases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check- with a short/safe ride </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Basic Tools Allen Wrench, spare tube/patch kit, pump, levers </li></ul><ul><li>Tire Repair Punctures, snake bites, & everything else </li></ul><ul><li>Gears & Derailleurs Cadence (75-95rpm) </li></ul><ul><li>Brakes </li></ul><ul><li>Lube </li></ul>
    20. 20. Parking Lot Drills <ul><li>Starting & Stopping </li></ul><ul><li>Straight Line </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Signaling </li></ul>
    21. 21. Let’s Ride!