Pain Management & Pain Treatment

Pain is usually considered as a subjective experience that can accompany
nociception alt...
Pain can be classified into several types including acute pain which is a short term
pain from an identifiable cause and i...
Non invasive pain management may or may not involve drug administration and
the non invasive non-drug treatments are widel...
Modern methods of pain treatment and management stresses on holistic methods
that are multidisciplinary and involve the ap...
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Best Pain Management and Treatment - IMC


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IMC is providing best pain management and treatment for all the people in florida and their pain management and treatment services is one of the best services in florida. so if you want to get best services for pain management and treatment your should visit url written below:-


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Best Pain Management and Treatment - IMC

  1. 1. Pain Management & Pain Treatment Pain is usually considered as a subjective experience that can accompany nociception although pain can arise without a stimulus and may include an emotional reaction. Nociception is an neurophysiologic term denoting activity in nerve pathways which transmit unpleasant signals and pain is usually associated with tissue damage and inflammation. Pain is an important aspect of the defense system of the body and pain signals instruct motor neurons of the central nervous system to minimize harm or injury to the body. Pain is explained by the gate control theory which concerns cognitive and emotional factors influencing painful sensations and is determined by different pain states at the brain rather than pain at a particular injured area of the body. Nociception is the perception of physiological pain although the term pain itself is a broader term and involve psychological pain as well. When nociceptors are stimulated, signals are transmitted through sensory neurons in the spinal cord and are ultimately relayed to the thalamus in the brain and perception of pain takes place. As the brain is itself devoid of nociceptors it cannot experience pain by itself and pain is usually referred to as tissue damage by some harmful stimulus. Pain can thus be both physiologic and emotional or either one of them, nociception describes physiologic pain or pain related to physical injury to body tissues and pain picked up and transmitted as signals via receptors. Pain in general can however also be emotional or psychological and may be associated with neural factors not entirely known. The main characteristic of pain is its unpleasantness and usually an organism uses all means to separate itself from any unpleasant stimuli that may be the cause of the pain. Pain can be due to an injury or may even indicate that an injury is imminent but it can also serve as a protective and defensive physiologic function as organisms tend to protect injured regions in the body from further damage due to the unpleasantness of pain sensations. Thus pain is an important part of human existence and is a strong defense of the body helping in organism’s survival. It is because we perceive pain as unpleasant that we tend to avoid harm and injury to the body. The study, treatment and management of pain include pharmacology, psychology and neurobiology and the subjective psychological aspects of pain is an important part of study for the search for neural correlates of consciousness. Pain receptors are usually free nerve endings and are receptors to chemical, mechanical and thermal pain sensation usually found in the skin, internal and joint surfaces. Tissue damage in deeper part of the skin produces an aching dull pain spread across wider areas as pain receptors are fewer and spread around in deeper levels of the skin, so pain can also not be localized in these cases. In certain cases with prolong pain stimulation, excitation of pain fibers increases leading to a condition known as hyperalgesia.
  2. 2. Pain can be classified into several types including acute pain which is a short term pain from an identifiable cause and is related to tissue damage or a disease. It is sharp sensation followed by aching and is usually centralized to one area usually following an injury, trauma or fall. This sort of pain is usually treated with medications. Medically a chronic pain lasts six months or longer and this sort of pain does not help the body to prevent any further injury by being constantly present and is even more difficult to treat than acute pain. Medical advice is however sought for these cases and drug tolerance, chemical dependency and psychological addiction to drugs may also occur especially in case of opiates. The experience of physiological pain can be cutaneous, somatic, visceral or neuropathic. Cutaneous pain is referred to pain that happens due to injury to the skin or the superficial tissues of the body as cutaneous nociceptors terminate just below the skin and produce localized defined pain for short duration and include pain due to cuts and burns. Somatic pain is pain of ligaments, muscles, bones, tendons and blood vessels and may be dull and continue for longer duration than cutaneous pain. Sprained ankles, fractures and torn ligaments are examples of this sort of pain. Visceral pain involve pain originating in body organs and this sort of pain is located in internal cavities and organs producing an aching , poorly localized sensation that may be of much longer duration than somatic pain and the dull pain can spread to many areas. Neuropathic pain or neuralgia refers to pain in the nerve tissue due to injury or disease and can disrupt the ability of the nerves to transmit correct signals to the thalamus, so the brain may interpret pain although there may be no obvious physiologic causes of pain. There are two different and distinct pathways for transmission of pain in the CNS. These are transmitted either through the neospinothalamic tract for fast pain or paleospinothalamic tract for slow pain. For transmission for fast pain Alpha-delta fibers terminate on lamina marginalis of the dorsal horns. Neospinothalalmic tract neurons branch off as long fibers and transmit signals upwards in the contralateral anterolateral columns. These fibers finally terminate on the ventrobasal complex of the thalamus. Fast pain is easily localized when A and delta fibers are stimulated with tactile receptors. Slow pain is however transmitted by the slower C fibers to lamina II and III or dorsal horns also known as substantia gelatinosa and neurons take off and join fast pain pathways and move upwards along the anterolateral pathway. These slow pain neurons terminate in the brain stem with a tenth of fibers stopping at the thalamus and also at the medulla, pons and mesencephalon although localization for slow pain is poor. There is several clinical research studies conducted to help determine which pain management therapies are most effective in treating neck, back and body pain in general. There is no universally accepted definition, or classification of pain management techniques and pain management is usually grouped in terms of their effectiveness and invasiveness. Physical therapy methods are not invasive and do not involve the use of medications although pain medications may involve invasive techniques such as injections as medications are introduced in the body. Pain management can involve non-invasive non drug pain management, non-invasive pharmacologic pain management or invasive pain management.
  3. 3. Non invasive pain management may or may not involve drug administration and the non invasive non-drug treatments are widely available for back pain and neck pain and these can range from exercise, manual techniques such as massage, behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy, cutaneous stimulation and electrotherapy. Exercise method can involve aerobics, flexions, water therapy or simple exercises necessary for musculoskeletal health. Manual techniques generally involve massage, osteopathy and are quite similar to cutaneous stimulation which uses hot and cold packs for heating and cooling of the skin. TENS or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation stimulates the nervous system by using low voltage electrical stimulation and is generally effective for back pain. Electrical stimulation or also known as Electroanalgesia uses low voltage electrical current in waves that interfere with the natural electrical currents of pain signals in the body, inhibiting them from reaching the brain and inducing a response. Electroanalgesia is generally the most common type of modality that patients choose to use to treat their pain along with their prescribed pain medications. Electroanalgesia is very effective in relieving the most common lower back pain and has a lower addictive potential and poses less health threats to the general public. Electroanalgesia has a wide variety of different and unique therapies to include not only the TENS unit but; Transcraniel Electrostimulation (TCES), Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), Peripheral Nerve Stimluation (PNS), Percutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (PENS), Percutaneous Neuromodulation (PNT), Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), Transcutaneous Acupoint Electrical Stimulation (TAES), H-Wave (HWT), Interferential Current Stimulation (ICT), and Piezo-Electric Current Stimulation Therapy (PECT). Here at Instant Medical care, we welcome all patients who are suffering from pain to stop in and try one of these electroanalgesia therapies to help relieve the pain and enjoy life to the fullest. Noninvasive pharmacologic prescription pain management includes administration of drugs such as analgesics (narcotic pain medicine) such as Oxycotin, Morphine, Roxicodone, and Percocet, muscle relaxants to treat muscle spasms, non steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, antidepressants, anticonvulsants to treat nerve pain, and narcotic medications for acute and long term intractable pain; a severe, constant pain that is not curable by any known means. It is an ongoing problem that most physicians don’t separate chronic pain from intractable pain patients and tend to under prescribe narcotic medication to relieve pain. The physicians here at Instant Medical Care are fully trained to determine and diagnose your pain. We give you the respect you deserve and treat you as if we were the patient in pain. The invasive pain management techniques involve using devices and instruments into the body such as injections. Some of the common methods of invasion on the body used as pain management techniques are using injections in which a steroid or anaesthetic is directly delivered to a nerve and provide temporary relief to pain. Certain surgically implanted devices such as spinal cord stimulators and peripheral nerve stimulators are used for pain management. In some cases a specialized device is used to produce heat to deaden the sensation of a painful nerve and this method is called Radiofrequency radioablation.
  4. 4. Modern methods of pain treatment and management stresses on holistic methods that are multidisciplinary and involve the application of a variety of drugs as also physical and psychosocial interventions including exercise and behavioral therapy. Pain Management is given to patients with chronic, acute, and intractable pain and usually a prescription for narcotic pain medicine is applied to help relieve the patient’s pain and is followed by other forms of therapy to help relieve the pain and eventually lower the dose of the medication. If you want more and more knowledge about pain management and treatment you should visit our website written below:- URL: