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World of the Unseen - II

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BRIEF DISCUSSION ON RESURRECTION, JUDGEMENT DAY, INTERCESSION, PARADISE & HELLFIRE

BRIEF DISCUSSION ON RESURRECTION, JUDGEMENT DAY, INTERCESSION, PARADISE & HELLFIRE

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  • 1. World of the Unseen - II BRIEF DISCUSSION ON RESURRECTION, JUDGEMENT, INTERCESSION, PARADISE & HELLFIRE1|Page
  • 2. 1 THE RESURRECTION ...............................................................................................................................................4 1.1 PROOF FROM QUR’AN & SUNNAH ................................................................................................................................... 4 1.1.1 Direct Mention ................................................................................................................................................ 4 1.1.2 Observation .................................................................................................................................................... 4 1.1.3 Affirming Allah’s Power, Knowledge & Wisdom ............................................................................................. 4 1.1.4 Sunnah ............................................................................................................................................................ 52 THE BLOWING : AS-SOOR .......................................................................................................................................6 2.1 INTERVAL BETWEEN TWO BLOWS..................................................................................................................................... 6 2.2 OPINIONS .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2.2.1 As-Soor :: Three Times :: Majority Opinion ..................................................................................................... 6 2.2.2 As-Soor :: Two Times :: Minority Opinion........................................................................................................ 7 2.2.3 As-Soor :: Four Times :: Minority Opinion ....................................................................................................... 73 THE GREAT GATHERING .........................................................................................................................................8 3.1 DESCRIPTION OF THE GREAT GATHERING ........................................................................................................................... 8 3.1.1 New Earth with New Sky ................................................................................................................................. 8 3.1.2 Pure Land ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 3.1.3 Human’s Physical State ................................................................................................................................... 8 3.1.4 All Creation will be Resurrected ...................................................................................................................... 8 3.2 DESCRIPTION OF SOME OF THE PEOPLE.............................................................................................................................. 9 3.2.1 The First to be Resurrected ............................................................................................................................. 9 3.2.2 The First to be Dressed / Covered ................................................................................................................... 9 3.2.3 People will gather in Groups ........................................................................................................................... 9 3.2.3.1 The Arrogant .......................................................................................................................................................... 9 3.2.3.2 The Wealthy Beggar ............................................................................................................................................... 9 3.2.3.3 Thieves of War Booty ............................................................................................................................................. 9 3.2.3.4 Those who performed Wudu ................................................................................................................................. 9 3.2.3.5 Adhan Caller – Muadhin......................................................................................................................................... 9 3.2.3.6 Those who give Sadaqah ...................................................................................................................................... 10 3.2.3.7 Memorizer of Surah al-Baqarah & al-Imran ......................................................................................................... 10 3.2.3.8 Betrayer of a Muslim Leader ................................................................................................................................ 10 3.2.3.9 Allah’s Shade for The Seven Types ....................................................................................................................... 10 3.2.3.10 Death upon Deed ................................................................................................................................................. 104 THE STANDING : AWAITING JUDGEMENT ............................................................................................................ 11 4.1 HOW LONG IS THE STANDING ? ..................................................................................................................................... 11 4.2 THINGS TO HAPPEN ..................................................................................................................................................... 115 INTERCESSION ..................................................................................................................................................... 13 5.1 WHAT ARE THE INTERCESSORS ? .................................................................................................................................... 14 5.2 WITNESS AT THE JUDGEMENT ........................................................................................................................................ 156 THE POOL :: AL-HAWD ......................................................................................................................................... 16 6.1 AL-HAWD WILL QUENCH THIRST..................................................................................................................................... 16 6.2 DESCRIPTION OF AL-HAWD ........................................................................................................................................... 167 AS-SIRAAT ............................................................................................................................................................ 17 7.1 DESCRIPTION OF AS-SIRAAT .......................................................................................................................................... 17 7.2 HOW WILL PEOPLE CROSS THE SIRAT ? ............................................................................................................................. 17 7.3 AL-QANTARAH ........................................................................................................................................................... 188 AL-A’RAAF............................................................................................................................................................ 19 8.1 DIFFERENT OPINIONS ................................................................................................................................................... 199 PARADISE & HELLFIRE .......................................................................................................................................... 202|Page
  • 3. 9.1 OPINION – 1 :: HELLFIRE TEMPORARY ............................................................................................................................. 20 9.2 OPINION – 2 :: HELLFIRE IS ETERNAL (MAJORITY) ............................................................................................................. 20 9.3 THINGS TO REMEMBER................................................................................................................................................. 2110 AR-RU’YAH : SEEING ALLAH ................................................................................................................................. 22 10.1 OPINION -1 :: AHL AS-SUNNAH WAL JAMAH................................................................................................................ 22 10.2 OPINION – 2 :: OTHER SECTS ................................................................................................................................... 22 10.2.1 Refutation to Opinion 2............................................................................................................................ 223|Page
  • 4. 1 The ResurrectionMuslims must believe that Allah will resurrect all the dead for their JudgementSahih International: They will say, "O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping place?"[The reply will be], "This is what the Most Merciful had promised, and the messengers told thetruth." [ SurahYasin 36, Ayat 52 ]1.1 Proof from Qur’an &Sunnah1.1.1 Direct MentionSahih International: Those who disbelieve have claimed that they will never be resurrected. Say,"Yes, by my Lord, you will surely be resurrected; then you will surely be informed of what you did.And that, for Allah, is easy." [ Surah At-Taghabun 64, Ayat 7 ]1.1.2 ObservationSahih International: So observe the effects of the mercy of Allah – how He gives life to the earthafter its lifelessness. Indeed, that [same one] will give life to the dead, and He is over all thingscompetent. [ SurahAr-Rum 30, Ayat 50 ]1.1.3 Affirming Allah’s Power, Knowledge & Wisdom Sahih International: Indeed, Allah, to return him [to life], is Able. The Day when secrets will be put on trial [ Surah At-Tariq 86, Ayat 8 - 9 ] Sahih International: Then did you think that We created you uselessly and that to Us you would not be returned?” [ Surah al-Muminun 23, Ayat 115 ] Sahih International: Say, "He will give them life who produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing." [ Surah Ya-Sin 36, Ayat 79 ]4|Page
  • 5. 1.1.4 Sunnah The Prophet (saw) said, “All of the human will disintegrate except for his tailbone. From it he was created and from it he will be resurrected” [ Sahih al-Bukhari& Muslim ] “Then Allah will send a rain like sperm of men, and the people will come out of their graves like a plant grows.” [ al-Hakim, at-Tabarani ]5|Page
  • 6. 2 The Blowing : as-SoorBlowing of the Trumpet is the role of the Angel Israfeel.2.1 Interval Between Two BlowsAbu Hurairah (ra) said that the Prophet saw) said, “ What is between two blows is forty.” AbuHurairah was asked whether that meant forty days, months or years, but he refused to answer.2.2 Opinions 1. Majority say it will be blown 3 times 2. Some say 2 times 3. Qadhi ‘Iyaad says 4 times2.2.1 As-Soor :: Three Times :: Majority OpinionAl-Imam at-Tabari reports in his book of tafseer the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah (ra) in which Prophetsaw) said, “ The Trumpet will be blown three times. The first one is the Blow of terror, the second isthe Blow of Death and the third is the Blowing of Resurrection to stand before the Lord of theWorlds. Allah will command Israfeel to blow the first blow and will say, “ BlowNafkhat al-Faza,” soall in the heavens and the earth will be terrified except those whom Allah saves. The Abu Hurairahasked, “Who are those meant in the ayah, “And [warn of] the Day the Horn will be blown, andwhoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will be terrified except whom Allah wills. Andall will come to Him humbled. [SahihInternationa; Surah An-Naml 27, Ayat 87]“ Prophet (saw) said,“These are the martyrs. That terror will fall upon all the living, and martyrs are alive with their Lord,but Allah will save them from that terror.” The Allah will commandIsrafeel to blow the Blow ofDeath by saying “Blow Nafkhat as-Sa’q”, and all that is in the heavens and the earth will die.Sahih International: And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is onthe earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will bestanding, looking on. [ SurahAz-Zumar 39, Ayat 68 ]6|Page
  • 7. 2.2.2 As-Soor :: Two Times :: Minority Opinion This opinion considers the “Blow of Terror” and the “Blow of Death” as one. Sahih International: And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing, looking on. [ Surah Az-Zumar 39, Ayat 68 ] The hadith of Abdullah ibn ‘Amribn al-Al’As, “And then the Trumpet will be blown. The first one who hears it will be a man repairing his water basin. As soon as he hears it he will die and then all other will die. Then the Trumpet will be blown again, and they will all be resurrected, looking around.” [ Mentioned by al-Qurtubi ]2.2.3 As-Soor :: Four Times :: Minority Opinion This opinion is of al-Qadhi ‘Iyad The first will kill everything that is alive at the time. The second will resurrect everyone. Then will come Nafkhat as-Sa’q, which will cause everyone one the Land of Resurrection to die [fall unconscious]. The fourth blow will raise everyone. The Prophet (saw) said, “ Peopleyus’aqoon (will die / fall unconscious) and I will be the first to get up. I will see Musa(a) holding on to the Throne. I will not know whether he awoke before me, or whether he was spared the Sa’qah because of the incident at at-Toor.” [ Sahih al-Bukhari ]7|Page
  • 8. 3 The Great Gathering3.1 Description of the Great Gathering3.1.1 New Earth with New SkySahih International: [It will be] on the Day the earth will be replaced by another earth, and theheavens [as well], and all creatures will come out before Allah, the One, the Prevailing. [ SurahIbrahim 14, Ayat 48 ]3.1.2 Pure Land SahlibnSa’d narrates that the Prophet (saw) said, ‘People will be resurrected on Yawm al- Qiyamah onto a pure white land like pure white bread. It has no marks for anyone.” [ SahihBukhari& Muslim ] IbnMas’ood said, “Allah will change this land to another land, pure like silver; no blood was ever spilt on it, nor any sin committed on it.” Abu-Dharr said that the Prophet (saw) said, “ Ash-Sham is the land of the resurrection and the great gathering.” [al-Bazzar ]3.1.3 Human’s Physical State Aishah (ra) reports that the Prophet saw) said, “You will be gathered bare-footed, naked and uncircumcised.” [ Sahih al-Bukhari&Msulim ] The Prophet (saw) said, “The dead will be raised in the clothing that they died in / were buried in.” [ Abu-Dawood ]3.1.4 All Creation will be Resurrected Sahih International: And there is no creature on [or within] the earth or bird that flies with its wings except [that they are] communities like you. We have not neglected in the Register a thing. Then unto their Lord they will be gathered. [ Surah Al-An’am 6, Ayat 38 ] Sahih International: And when the wild beasts are gathered[ Surah At-Takwir 81, Ayat 5 ]8|Page
  • 9. 3.2 Description of Some of the People3.2.1 The First to be ResurrectedThe Prophet (saw) said, “I am (will be) the Master of the Children of Adam on the Day ofResurrection, and the first (of them) to come out of his grave.” [ Muslim ]3.2.2 The First to be Dressed / CoveredThe Prophet (saw) said, “ The first of the creation to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection will beIbraheem (as).” [ Sahih al-Bukhari ]3.2.3 People will gather in Groups3.2.3.1 The ArrogantProphet (saw) said, “ The arrogant will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection in the size of smallants, surrounded by humiliation.” [ at-Tirmidhi ]3.2.3.2 The Wealthy Beggar“The one who beg people for money and continue to do so will be resurrected on Yawm al-Qiyyamah without a bit of flesh on their faces.” [ Sahih al-Bukhari ]3.2.3.3 Thieves of War BootySahih International: It is not [attributable] to any prophet that he would act unfaithfully [in regardto war booty]. And whoever betrays, [taking unlawfully], will come with what he took on the Day ofResurrection. Then will every soul be [fully] compensated for what it earned, and they will not bewronged. [ Surahali-Imran 3, Ayat 161 ]3.2.3.4 Those who performed WuduThe Prophet (saw) said, “ MyUmmah will come on the Day of Judgement with shining forehead,hands, and feet as the result of their wudu’.” [ Sahih al-Bukhari ]3.2.3.5 Adhan Caller – MuadhinThe Prophet (saw) said, “ Those who call the adhan will have the longest neck on the Day ofResurrection.” [ Muslim ]9|Page
  • 10. 3.2.3.6 Those who give Sadaqah‘Uqbahibn Amir narrate that the Prophet (saw) said, “Everyone *who gives charity+ will come in theshade of his charity on the Day of Resurrection until Judgement has ended.” [ IbnHibban ]3.2.3.7 Memorizer of Surah al-Baqarah& al-ImranThe Prophet (saw) said, “ Thesurahsal-Baqarah and Al-e-Imran [will appear] in the shape of clouds[or two great birds stretching their wings+ shading those who memorize them.” [ Muslim ]3.2.3.8 Betrayer of a Muslim LeaderProphet (saw) said, “Every traitor will come on the Day of Judgement with a flag rising up from him.It will be said that is the treason of so-and-so.” [ Sahih al-Bukhari ]3.2.3.9 Allah’s Shade for The Seven Types“There are seven whom Allah will shade in His Shade on the Day when there is no shade except HisShade: 1. A just ruler 2. A youth who grew up in the worship of Allah (swt) 3. A man whose heart is attached to the mosques 4. Two men who love each other for Allah’s sake, meeting for that and parting upon that 5. A man who is called by a woman of beauty and position * for illegal relation +, but he says : “I fear Allah” 6. A man who gives charity and hides it, such that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives in charity 7. A man who remembered Allah in private and so his eyes shed tears.” * Sahih al- Bukhari&Msulim ]3.2.3.10 Death upon DeedJabir reports that the Prophet (saw) said, “Every slave *of Allah+ will be resurrected upon that whichhe died upon.” [ Muslim ]10 | P a g e
  • 11. 4 The Standing : Awaiting JudgementSahih International: And you will see every nation kneeling [from fear]. Every nation will be called toits record [and told], "Today you will be recompensed for what you used to do.[Surah al-Jathiyah45, Ayat 28]Sahih International: [From] the Lord of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them,the Most Merciful. They possess not from Him [authority for] speech.The Day that the Spirit and theangels will stand in rows, they will not speak except for one whom the Most Merciful permits, andhe will say what is correct.That is the True Day; so he who wills may take to his Lord a [way of]return.[ Surah al-Naba 78, Ayat 37 – 39 ]Sahih International: On the Day [some] faces will turn white and [some] faces will turn black. As forthose whose faces turn black, [to them it will be said], "Did you disbelieve after your belief? Thentaste the punishment for what you used to reject."But as for those whose faces will turn white,[they will be] within the mercy of Allah. They will abide therein eternally.[ Surah Ali-Imran 3, Ayat106 – 107 ]Narrated by Al-Miqdadibn al-Aswad, Prophet (saw) say, “The sun will get closer to the creations onthe Day of Ressurection until is only a mile away. People will perspire according to the level of theirdeeds. Some of them will have perspiration covering his ankles, some to his knees, others to theirshoulders, some will have it choke them,” and he (saw) pointed to his mouth. [ Muslim ]4.1 How long is The Standing ?SahihInternational: And they urge you to hasten the punishment. But Allah will never fail in Hispromise. And indeed, a day with your Lord is like a thousand years of those which you count. [Surahal-Hajj 22, Ayat47 ]Sahih International: The angels and the Spirit will ascend to Him during a Day the extent of which isfifty thousand years.[ Surah al-Ma’rij 70, Ayat 4 ]4.2 Things to Happen 1. Allah will come a. Sahih International: And your Lord has come and the angels, rank upon rank,[ Surah Al-Fajr 89, Ayat 22 ] b. Sahih International: Do they await but that Allah should come to them in covers of clouds and the angels [as well] and the matter is [then] decided? And to Allah [all] matters are returned.[ Surah al-Baqarah 2, Ayat 210 ]11 | P a g e
  • 12. c. Sahih International: And [mention] the Day when the heaven will split open with [emerging] clouds, and the angels will be sent down in successive descent.[ Surah al- Furqan 25, Ayat 25 ] 2. Bringing of Jannah& Hellfire a. Sahih International: And brought [within view], that Day, is Hell – that Day, man will remember, but what good to him will be the remembrance?[ Surah Al-Fajr 89, Ayat 23 ] b. Sahih International: And Paradise will be brought near to the righteous, not far, [ Surah Qaf 50, Ayat 31 ] c. Prophet (SAW) said: “Hell will be brought on the Day of Judgment, it will have 70,000 ropes, with 70,000 angels pulling on each rope.” [ Muslim ] 3. Intercession to Start Judgment 4. Judgment, placing of Balance & Passing of books 5. Approaching the Hawd (pool)12 | P a g e
  • 13. 5 IntercessionQatada related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allahwill gather people on the Day of Rising like that and they will say, We should look for someone tointercede with our Lord to relieve us from this place where we are!They will go to Adam and say, You are one whom Allah created with His hand, to whom His angelsprostrates and He taught you the names of all things. Intercede on our behalf with your Lord torelieve us from this place where we are! He will say, I am not worthy of this task, and he willmention his error and say, Go to Nuh. He is the first Messenger that Allah sent to the people of theearth.They will go to Nuh and he will say, I am not worthy of this task, and he will mention his error andsay, Go to Ibrahim, he friend of the All-Merciful.They will go to Ibrahim and he will say, I am not worthy of this task, and he will mention the errorshe made. Go to Musa, a slave to whom Allah gave the Torah and to whom He spoke directly.They will go to him and he will say, I am not worthy of this task, and he will mention the errorwhich he made and will say, Go to Isa, His slave and messenger, His word and spirit (ruh).They will go to Isa and he will say, I am not worthy of this task, Go to Muhammad, a slave whosepast and future wrong actions Allah has forgiven.They will come to me and I will go to ask permission from my Lord and permission will be given tome. When I see my Lord, I will fall down in prostration and He will leave me as long as Allah wills toleave me. Then I will be told, Raise your head, Muhammad. Speak and it will be heard. Ask and youwill be given. Intercede and intercession will be granted. I will lift my head and praise Him withpraises which my Lord will teach me.Then I will intercede and He will fix an amount for me and I will let them into the Garden. Then I willreturn and when I see my Lord, I will fall down in prostration and He will leave me as long as Allahwills to leave me. Then I will be told, Raise your head, Muhammad. Speak and it will be heard. Askand you will be given. Intercede and intercession will be granted. I will lift my head and praise Himwith praises which my Lord will teach me. Then I will intercede and He will fix an amount for me andI will let them into the Garden. Then I will return and say, "O Lord, only those remain in the Firewhom the Quran has held and for whom being in it for ever is obliged."The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, Anyone who said, "There is no god butAllah" and has the weight of a grain of barley of good in his heart will come out of the Fire. Thenanyone who said "There is no god but Allah" and has the weight of a grain of what of good in hisheart will come out of the Fire. Then anyone who said "There is no god but Allah" and has theweight of a small ant of good in his heart will come out of the Fire."[ Bukhari ]13 | P a g e
  • 14. Prophet (saw) said, “Al-Madeenah is better for them if they only knew. No one will leave it [due tonot desiring it ] without Allah replacing him with something better than he. No one will be patientdespite its difficulties, but that I will be an intercessor [or witness] for him on the Day ofResurrection.” [ Muslim ]5.1 What are the Intercessors ? 1) All the people will brought forth before Allah a. SahihInternational:And the heaven will split [open], for that Day it is infirm.And the angels are at its edges. And there will bear the Throne of your Lord above them, that Day, eight [of them].That Day, you will be exhibited [for judgement]; not hidden among you is anything concealed.So as for he who is given his record in his right hand, he will say, "Here, read my record! Indeed, I was certain that I would be meeting my account."So he will be in a pleasant life –In an elevated garden, Its [fruit] to be picked hanging near. [They will be told], "Eat and drink in satisfaction for what you put forth in the days past." But as for he who is given his record in his left hand, he will say, "Oh, I wish I had not been given my record And had not known what is my account. I wish my death had been the decisive one.[ Surah al-Haqqah 69, Ayat 16 – 27 ] 2) Book of deeds will be given out a. Sahih International: And [for] every person We have imposed his fate upon his neck, and We will produce for him on the Day of Resurrection a record which he will encounter spread open.[It will be said], "Read your record. Sufficient is yourself against you this Day as accountant."[ Surah al-Isra 17, Ayat 13 – 14 ] b. Sahih International: But as for he who is given his record behind his back,He will cry out for destruction[ Surah al-Inshiqaqa 84, Ayat 10 -11 ] 3) Asking & Judgement for deeds that were recorded in their books a. Sahih International: On the Day when Allah will resurrect them all and inform them of what they did. Allah had enumerated it, while they forgot it; and Allah is, over all things, Witness.[ Surah al-Mujadilah, Ayat 6 ] b. Sahih International: So that Allah will recompense every soul for what it earned. Indeed, Allah is swift in account.[ Surah Ibrahim 14, Ayat 51 ] c. Sahih International: And whether We show you part of what We promise them or take you in death, upon you is only the [duty of] notification, and upon Us is the account.[ Surah ar-Ra’ad 13, Ayat 40 ] 4) Will all creation be judged a. Sahih International: Then on that Day none will be asked about his sin among men or jinn. [ Surah ar-Rahman 55, Ayat 39 ] b. Sahih International: He said, “I was only given it because of knowledge I have.” Did he not know that Allah had destroyed before him of generations those who were greater than him in power and greater in accumulation [of wealth]? But the criminals, about their sins, will not be asked. [ Surah al-Qasas 28, Ayat 78 ] c. Sahih International: Indeed, they who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book and exchange it for a small price – those consume not into their bellies except the14 | P a g e
  • 15. Fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them. And they will have a painful punishment. [ Surah al-Baqarah 2, Ayat 174 ] d. Sahih International: Then We will surely question those to whom [a message] was sent, and We will surely question the messengers. [ Surah al-Araf 7, Ayat 6 ] e. Sahih International: And stop them; indeed, they are to be questioned." [ Surah as- Saffat 37, Ayat 24 ]5.2 Witness at the Judgement 1) Parts of the body a. Sahih International: That Day, We will seal over their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will testify about what they used to earn. [ Surah Ya-Sin 36, Ayat 65 ] 2) The earth a. Sahih International: That Day, it will report its news [ Surah al-Zalzalah 99, Ayat 4 ] 3) The Prophets & Messengers a. Sahih International: Indeed, those who disbelieve in the message after it has come to them… And indeed, it is a mighty Book. * Surah an-Nisa 4, Ayat 41 ]15 | P a g e
  • 16. 6 The Pool :: al-Hawd6.1 Al-Hawd will quench thirstNarrated Sahl bin Sad:: I heard the Prophet saying, "I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount(Kauthar), and whoever will come to it, will drink from it, and whoever will drink from it, will neverbecome thirsty after that. There will come to me some people whom I know and they know me, andthen a barrier will be set up between me and them." Abu Said Al-Khudri added that the Prophetfurther said: "I will say those people are from me. It will be said, You do not know what changes andnew things they did after you. Then I will say, Far removed (from mercy), far removed (frommercy), those who changed (the religion) after me! "6.2 Description of al-HawdAbdullah bin Amr bin Al-As (Ra), reported: Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: MyHawd (River in Paradise) (is as wide and broad that it requires) a months journey (to go round it) all,and its sides are equal and its water is whiter than silver, and its odor is more fragrant than thefragrance of musk, and its jugs (placed round it) are like stars in the sky; and he who drinks from itwill never feel thirsty after that.16 | P a g e
  • 17. 7 As-SiraatIt is the bridge placed over Hellfire, over which the Muslims will pass to enter JannahSahih International: And there is none of you except he will come to it. This is upon your Lord aninevitability decreed.Then We will save those who feared Allah and leave the wrongdoers within it,on their knees.[ Surah Maryam 19, Ayat 71 – 72 ]Sahih International: Other than Allah, and guide them to the path of Hellfire [ Surah as-Saffat 37,Ayat 23 ]7.1 Description of As-SiraatAysha (Ra) narrates that the Prophet (saw) said, ‘Hellfire has a bridge that is thinner than a hair andsharper than a sword. On it are hooks and thorns that will take whomsoever Allah wills.” * Ahmad ]Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri said, “We asked the Prophet (saw), “What is the Bridge?”, He (saw) replied, “Itis slippery and has hooks and thorns…” “ [Bukhari ]7.2 How will people cross the Sirat ?The Sirat Bridge will be set over Hell. The first prophet who will cross it with his nation will be I.[Bukhari]On the Day of Resurrection I will stand by the side of the Sirat Bridge and wait for my nation to crossit. Allahutaala will say, "Ask for whatever you want. Intercede for whomever you wish, for yourintercession will be accepted." After interceding for my nation, I will continue entreating, and I willnot rise to my feet until He says, "Put all people into Paradise who said La ilaha ill-Allah once withikhlas and died with faith. [Imam-i Ahmad]Crossing the Sirat Bridge depends on everybodys light. Some will cross it in the twinkling of an eye;some, like lightning; some, like a falling star; some, like a running horse. He who has very little lightwill creep facedown. His hands and feet will slip, and he will cling to it again. At long last, he willbreak free from it by creeping and creeping. [ Tabarani ]Sahih International: On the Day you see the believing men and believing women, their lightproceeding before them and on their right, [it will be said], "Your good tidings today are [of] gardensbeneath which rivers flow, wherein you will abide eternally." That is what is the great attainment.On the [same] Day the hypocrite men and hypocrite women will say to those who believed, "Waitfor us that we may acquire some of your light." It will be said, "Go back behind you and seek light."And a wall will be placed between them with a door, its interior containing mercy, but on theoutside of it is torment. [ Surah al-Hadid 57, Ayat 12 - 13 ]17 | P a g e
  • 18. 7.3 Al-QantarahAbu Sa’eed al Khudree reports that the Prophet (saw) said, “when the believers cross the Hellfire,they will be stopped at a small arched bridge (Qantarah) before entering the paradise and will begiven retribution for injustices between them until they become purified. (Then) they will bepermitted to enter Jannah. So, by the One in Whose Hands is my soul, they will know their way totheir homes in Jannah, better than they know their ways to their homes in dunya.” [ Saheeh Al-Bukhari ]18 | P a g e
  • 19. 8 Al-A’raaf8.1 Different Opinions 1) A high place where you can see Paradise & Hellfire 2) A wall between Paradise & Hellfire 3) A mountain between Jannah& Hellfire ( opinion of ibn-Abbas ) 4) The Bridge ( as-Sirat)Sahih International: And between them will be a partition, and on [its] elevations are men whorecognize all by their mark. And they call out to the companions of Paradise, "Peace be upon you."They have not [yet] entered it, but they long intensely.And when their eyes are turned toward the companions of the Fire, they say, "Our Lord, do notplace us with the wrongdoing people." And the companions of the Elevations will call to men [withinHell] whom they recognize by their mark, saying, "Of no avail to you was your gathering and [thefact] that you were arrogant." [Allah will say], "Are these the ones whom you [inhabitants of Hell]swore that Allah would never offer them mercy? Enter Paradise, [O People of the Elevations]. Nofear will there be concerning you, nor will you grieve."[ Surah al-Araf 7, Ayat 46 – 49 ]19 | P a g e
  • 20. 9 Paradise & HellfireMuslims believe in the existence of Paradise & Hellfire. Paradise is the place where Allah reqrds thebelievers for their good deeds and Hellfire is the place where the disbelievers are eternally punishedfor their sins and the wrongdoers may be punished for their sins. They exist already.Sahih International: And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden as wide as the heavensand earth, prepared for the righteous. [ Surahali-Imran 3, Ayat 133 ]Sahih International: And he certainly saw him in another descent At the Lote Tree of the UtmostBoundary – Near it is the Garden of Refuge [ Surah an-Najm 53, Ayat 13 - 15 ]Sahih International: And as for those who were [destined to be] prosperous, they will be inParadise, abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure, except what your Lord shouldwill – a bestowal uninterrupted.[ Surah al-Hud 11, Ayat 108 ]Sahih International: Indeed, this is Our provision; for it there is no depletion.[ Surah Sad 38, Ayat 54]Sahih International: He who has settled us in the home of duration out of His bounty. There touchesus not in it any fatigue, and there touches us not in it weariness [of mind]."[ SurahFatir 13, Ayat 35 ]Sahih International: No fatigue will touch them therein, nor from it will they [ever] be removed.[Surah al-Hijr 15, Ayat 48 ]9.1 Opinion – 1 :: Hellfire Temporary 1) Allah will place the sinners there forever, as long as Allah wills. [ Surah 6, Ayat 128 ] 2) Same as above. [ Surah 11, Ayat 106 – 107 ] 3) Will be in there for ages. [ Surah 78, Ayat 23 ] 4) Based on opinion of Umar ibn al-Khattab, Abu Mas’ood, Abu Hurairah, Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri and many others. Also opinion of ibn al-Qyyium who claims that this is also the opinion of al-Islam ibn-Taymiyyah.9.2 Opinion – 2 :: Hellfire is Eternal (Majority) 1) Surah 43, Ayat 75 2) Surah 78, Ayat 30 3) Surah 15, Ayat 48 4) Surah 2, Ayat 167 5) Surah 35, Ayat 36 6) Hadith in Bukhari& Muslim where Prophet (saw) mentioned “O people of Hellfire, eternity without death.”20 | P a g e
  • 21. 9.3 Things to Remember  No one will enter Jannah without Allah’s Mercy and Grace  No one will enter the Hellfire but by Allah’s Justice  The gates of Jannah will not be opened to anyone other than the Prophet (saw)  The Prophet’s (saw) Ummah will be the first to enter Jannah. It will make up the majority of the people of Jannah  The greatest pleasure in Jannah is that of seeing Allah (swt)21 | P a g e
  • 22. 10 Ar-Ru’yah : Seeing Allah10.1 Opinion -1 :: Ahl as-SunnahwalJamahSahih International: No! Indeed, from their Lord, that Day, they will be partitioned.[ az-Zumar 83,Ayat 15 ]Narrated by Abu Hurairah, We said, "O Allahs Apostle! Shall we see our Lord on the Day ofResurrection?" He said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon when the sky isclear?" We said, "No." He said, "So you will have no difficulty in seeing your Lord on that Day as youhave no difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon (in a clear sky)." [ Bukhari&Msulim ]10.2 Opinion – 2 :: Other SectsThese sects are Al-Mu’tazilah, al-Jahmiyyah, ar-Rafidah& al-Khawaarij.Sahih International: Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, theAcquainted.[ Surah al-An’am 6, Ayat 103 ]Sahih International: And when Moses arrived at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, hesaid, "My Lord, show me [Yourself] that I may look at You." [Allah] said, "You will not see Me, butlook at the mountain; if it should remain in place, then you will see Me." But when his Lordappeared to the mountain, He rendered it level, and Moses fell unconscious. And when he awoke,he said, "Exalted are You! I have repented to You, and I am the first of the believers."[ Surah al-A’raf7, Ayat 143 ]10.2.1 Refutation to Opinion 2Sahih International: Allah knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, but they do notencompass it in knowledge.[ Surah Ta-ha 20, Ayat 110 ]Narrated by Abu Hurairah, We said, "O Allahs Apostle! Shall we see our Lord on the Day ofResurrection?" He said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon when the sky isclear?" We said, "No." He said, "So you will have no difficulty in seeing your Lord on that Day as youhave no difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon (in a clear sky)." [ Bukhari&Msulim ]22 | P a g e